A Response Regarding Denise Rami and Jessica Lohren
I support Johnson’s quote that victory during war describes thosewho survive the ruins. Cold War caused various changes in the world,and none of the parties became the winner. Independent states weredeveloped in various places after anti-colonial resistance anddecolonization took place1.War was part of the struggle for independence. I agree thatdisagreements between capitalism and communism contributed to ColdWar. Many states and countries across the world were affected by thewar, and the need for peace was seen. The colonial powers werefocused on controlling many colonies and benefiting from them invarious ways. I am certain that countries such as Philippines andIndonesia that managed to gain independence by 1940 survived thedamage from the colonial powers2.Did both the colonial powers and the colonies win the war forindependence? Between the communists or the capitalists, who won theCold War?
Iagree that European powers colonized the Asian and African continentsto control and acquire the readily available land, raw materials, andlabor. Decolonization caused confusion and complications to theUnited States. I believe that the situation existed because Europeanpowers relied on the colonies for various resources and, therefore,America’s support for decolonization undermined its allies’expectations. The alliance acquired strength and resources from theAsian and African colonies, and decolonization was a source ofweakness. Colonies in various continents managed to gain independenceduring the Cold War. The Soviet Union was involved in a disagreementwith the United States resulting in the failure of the alliance. As aresult, the two parties witnessed the impacts of the war, and none ofthem gained the victory3.Did the Cold War contribute to the achievement of independence bymost colonies? Which movement gained victory between capitalism andcommunism?
Kuniholm, Bruce Robellet. The origins of the Cold War in the NearEast: Great power conflict and diplomacy in Iran, Turkey, and Greece.Princeton University Press, 2014.
Loomba, Ania. Colonialism/postcolonialism. Routledge, 2015.
Westad, Odd Arne. Reviewing the Cold War: approaches,interpretations, theory. Routledge, 2013.
1 Kuniholm, Bruce Robellet. The origins of the Cold War in the Near East: Great power conflict and diplomacy in Iran, Turkey, and Greece. Princeton University Press, 2014.
2 Loomba, Ania. Colonialism/postcolonialism. Routledge, 2015.
3 Westad, Odd Arne. Reviewing the Cold War: approaches, interpretations, theory. Routledge, 2013.
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