Applying Middle Range Theories to Practice
APPLYING MIDDLE RANGE THEORIES TO PRACTICE 5
ApplyingMiddle Range Theories to Practice
ApplyingMiddle Range Theories to Practice
Inthe past one century, the use of theoretical models particularlythose developed through research and practice have gained popularityamongmedical. Specifically, the Middle Range Theorieshavebeen effective in bridging the gap between nursing science theoriesand practice (Slatyer, Coventry, Twigg & Davis, 2016). Unlikeconceptual models and meta-theories, middle range theories aredevelopedthrough deductive and inductive approach (Saifan, AbuRuz, &Masa`deh, 2015). Consequently, they help medical practitioners toaddress specific phenomena and reflect onpractice.Nursesshould learn to develop customized theories for specific clinicalproblemsbased on principles of the community health and care delivery toincrease effectiveness in clinical practices.
Trendsin Development and Use of Middle Range Theories
Thereare various factors that determine the application of middle rangetheories including the evolving research approaches, technologyadvancement, professional organizations associated with nursingpractice and education, and people’s needs for healthcare services(Zanotti & Chiffi, 2016). According to Im (2015), considerationof thesefactorsintheory development resultsinprinciplesthat are more applicable,efficient andcovering a widerscope thereby improving the quality of care societies get.
TheRole of Theory Development in Nursing
Thedevelopment of middle range theories facilitates the advancement ofscience discipline and practices. One way is by creating linkagesbetween the conceptual models and the practices benefiting intreatment and protection of diseases (Im, 2015). Another way is bypromoting evidence-based practices in the derivationof data used in clinical settings.
WaysMiddle Range Theories Illuminate Concepts in Health and Care Delivery
Thekey concepts of healthand care delivery system include prevention,equity, primary care and unrestricted access (Morgan & Georges,2015). The development of middle range theories focusesonintegrating these key principles within a single framework, therebyenhancing or upgrading health care forall people.
PersonalRole and importance of developing and evaluating middle rangetheories
Aparticular role in both development and evaluation of middle rangetheories is ensuring the basic concepts of a healthy community suchas affordable care, promotion of evidence-basedpractices, prevention areconsidered.Consequently, this will ensure the effectivenessof nursing practices while at the same time opening opportunitiesscientific research.
AChoice between Evidence and Research, and a New Perspective
Inthe developmentof middle range theories, research can be more important thanevidence. The reason being that research will help gather applicableknowledge in solving a problem (Zanotti & Chiffi, 2016). Forexample, the use of research ensures that all the treatment optionsand practices arebasedon feasible methodologies and experiments.
Analternative to research is evidence-based practices that providepractical base or experience or treatment and prevention practices.The reason for this is that evidence-based practices arebasedon analyzed case studies and clinical trials in arriving particularchoice of treatment.
Inconclusion, middle range theories are important in the descriptionof solutions to various clinical problems. The development of atheory based on the needs ofthe community can help achieve the highest results in diseaseprevention and treatment. More importantly, continuous research canensure all community and technological needs areaddressedas they evolve.
Im,E. (2015). Thestatusof theory evaluation in nursing. Journalof Advanced Nursing,71(10), 2268-2278. doi:10.1111/jan.12698
Morgan,S. N., & Georges, J. M. (2015). Refocusinga Nursing Lens Distorted by Perfection: The Call for a Mid-rangeTheory.Journalof Theory Construction & Testing,19(1), 26-32.
Saifan,A., AbuRuz, M. E., & Masa`deh, R. (2015). Theory Practice Gaps inNursing Education: A Qualitative Perspective. Journalof Social Sciences/ Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 11(1), 20-29. doi:10.3844/jsssp.2015.20.29
Slatyer,S., Coventry, L. L., Twigg, D., & Davis, S. (2016). Professionalpractice models for nursing: a review of the literature and synthesisof key components. Journalof Nursing Management, 24(2),139-150. doi:10.1111/jonm.12309
Zanotti,R., & Chiffi, D. (2016). Anormative analysisof nursing knowledge. NursingInquiry,23(1), 4-11. doi:10.1111/nin.12108
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