Assessment of Legislative Roles Student
Assessmentof Legislative Roles
Assessmentof Legislative Roles
Healthpolicy is a set of combined actions undertaken by the government andother stakeholders in this industry. The health care policy-makingprocess determines the quality of health care services people canaccess. The public policies are influenced by the federal, state andlocal legislation or other court rulings that impact the provision ofhealth care service (Jones Barlett Learning, 2012). There arebusiness policies that are developed by agencies like accreditingorganizations, hospitals, and other managed care organizations. Thereare three branches of the government, Legislative, Judiciary, andExecutive. All the three branches and the individuals who make upeach branch participate in policy making and in implementing policydecisions. The following paper will look at the roles of thelegislature, the stakeholders they relate to, and where conflictoccurs between stakeholders.
Thecongressional responsibilities of the legislature are accomplished bytwo chambers of the Congress, the House of Representatives and theSenate. The Congress has the power to collect revenue, regulate theinternal and foreign commerce, levy taxes and other powers granted bythe Constitution (Jones Barlett Learning, 2012). The legislativebranch has the authority to create a law or change an existing one.Before the enactment of a bill, it is discussed in the congresschambers where the members debate and vote on it. There is no billthat is passed without the consent and participation of thelegislative branch. The legislature also plays a role in the budgetand appropriation processes. These procedures allow or deny thefunding for national programs. This funding runs national programslike Medicare and Medicaid that aim to provide medical care servicesto the needy (Jones Barlett Learning, 2012).
Thelegislative branch must collaborate with other stakeholders to ensurethe provision of quality and affordable health care services, . Theseare people or groups affected by their decisions. They includepatients, clinicians, insurance companies, and other branches of thegovernment such as the executive and judiciary (AHRQ, 2014). Thepatients are the people receiving the health care services and cancontribute to the policy-making process. The medical professionalsand the professional associations are experts in providing theservices and can suggest the implementation of strategies to improvehealthcare quality. The insurance companies influence the consumers’decisions about treatment choices based on the coverage. Health careinstitutions and their associations can suggest systems andprocedures that influence health outcomes. The legislature also workswith other policymakers in the government at the local, state, andfederal levels as well as individuals and entities within theexecutive and judiciary branches.
Lackof inclusion is one of the causes of conflict among healthcarestakeholders. Every stakeholder, as explained, contributes uniquelyand significantly in the health care policy-making process. As such,there is need to include all stakeholders to have different viewsabout the impact of a decision on every stakeholder (Santilli andVogenberg, 2015). There may be conflict due to the unique individualinterests of each stakeholder. Every person wants to benefit from thepolicies. For instance, the patients want quality and affordable carewhile the insurance companies want to be profitable. There is a needfor the stakeholders involved to compromise to accommodate theirdifferent interests while meeting the set goals.
Thelegislative branch plays a significant role in health care policy.There is need to ensure that the people involved in this processunderstand the needs of the stakeholders and are willing to passbills that cater to all. Even though the legislative process iscomplicated, it is important to involve all stakeholders in thedecision-making process. By doing so, the views of different partiesare presented and considered before passing any bills. Thelegislature should work with the various healthcare stakeholders toimprove the quality of health care services.
Agencyfor Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).(2014). Effective Health Care Program Stakeholder Guide 2014. Agencyfor Healthcare Research and Quality.
JonesBarlett Learning. (2012).Chapter 2: Policy and Policymaking Process. Retrieved fromhttps://goo.gl/pWcrnY
Santilli,J., & Vogenberg, F. R. (2015). Key strategic trends that impacthealthcare decision-making and stakeholder roles in the newmarketplace. Americanhealth & drug benefits, 8(1),15.
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