Assignment Critical Summary V
Assignment:Critical Summary V
Criminology Theory (CJ 650)
Socialcontrol theory tries to justify the reason why people disobey rules.This theory explains how an individual’s behaviour matches thesocietal expectations. The social control theory focuses on theexternal factors like law and the procedure which makes them useful(Smith-Lovin & Heise, 2016). Regarding this theory, every humanbeing is under the concept of free will where offenders have freedomof choice but are responsible for their actions (Downes,Rock & McLaughlin, 2016).
Thesocial control theory has a history dating back to the 17thcentury according to the works of Thomas Hobbes. In his book TheLeviathan,Hobbes assumes that every human being is in pursuit of personaladvantage and is unconcerned about the rights of other people.However, the theory gained greater interest among crime researchersin the 20th century where it has since been accorded seriousscientific focus (Black,2014).
Crimein reference to social control theory is that people can see thebenefits to be gained from a criminal act, thereby, committing thecrime instantly without prior training or any special motivation. Thetheory also assumes that people steer clear of the impulse to committhe felony because of the associated cost resulting from thebehaviour like jail sentences and public humiliation (Downes,Rock & McLaughlin, 2016).
CoreConcepts and Propositions
Theidea of belief as the primary cause of delinquency is highlydebatable. The social control theorists concur with the fact that thedelinquency results from the individual’s beliefs. For instance,EleanorGluecks explains that some personal beliefs help in preventingdelinquency while some others fuel the urge to commit the crime(Cornish & Clarke, 2014). Gluecks stated that short-termorientation triggered the misconduct in situations where theindividual believe that delinquents get away with the offence. On theother side, the long-term orientation of criminals getting caught andpunished prevents delinquency (Cornish & Clarke, 2014).
Thepolicies regarding crime in the United States values bothimprisonment and rehabilitation coupled up with treatment (Cornish& Clarke, 2014).The academic interests hold that crime should be dealt with swiftlyand punished accordingly by the law. Emphasis on punishment is echoedby the public as a whole including politicians, the law enforcers andthe media. Unfortunately, the increased number of law offenders is asa result of the elevated levels of concern accorded to the inmatesand probationers while in prison or the rehabilitation centres.
Inconclusion, social control theory tries to explain the factors ordrivers behind the common crimes committed by people against others.The theory according to a famous researcher, Thomas Hobbes, showsthat human beings are not criminals in nature, but that they laytheir personal interests first in disregard to the concerns of otherpeople. Thekey benefit from the study of this theory is that it helps the crimeresearchers to understand the bonds in criminal acts operate toprevent delinquency.
Black,D. (Ed.). (2014). Towarda general theory of social control: Fundamentals (Vol.1).
Cornish,D. B., & Clarke, R. V. (Eds.). (2014). TheReasoning Criminal: Rational choice
perspectiveson offending.Transaction Publishers.
Downes,D., Rock, P., & McLaughlin, E. (2016). Understandingdeviance: a guide to the
sociologyof crime and rule-breaking.Oxford University Press.
Smith-Lovin,L., & Heise, D. R. (2016). AnalysingSocial Interact: Adva.Routledge.
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