is defined as the variability and variety of life forms on differentparts of the earth (Sisk, Launer, Switky, & Ehrlich, 2013). Thesevariations are often defined with regards to a particular ecosystemor the entire universe. People commonly identify biodiversity througha group of species which can interbreed and referred to as species(Sisk et al., 2013). This paper defines biodiversity, explains itssignificance to human life, discusses the threatening factors on thespecies, and offers an overview of the highly diverse regions in theuniverse.
is very crucial in maintaining the human livelihood. All organismsperform particular roles within an ecosystem. One of the benefits isensuring ecological stability (Sisk et al., 2013). Species areresponsible for functions such as the promotion of the nutrient andwater cycles, controlling erosion and pests, climatic regulations,production of organic matter, capturing and storing the energy, andfacilitation of decomposition. Other benefits such as pollination ofcrops, soil fertility, waste decomposition, decreasing flooding, andwater and air purification support the very survival of human beings(Sisk et al., 2013). also drives the human economicsystems since it acts as a resource reservoir. These resources areutilized in the manufacturing of foods, cosmetic materials, andpharmaceuticals, among other market goods. Many industries derivetheir raw materials such as rubber, dyes, and lubricants from nature.These organisms are also imperative in education. Schools from allover the globe specialize in studies concerning particular species.
Theworld’s greatest diversity is found in the deep seas, deciduous andtropical rainforests, and coral reefs (Sisk et al., 2013). Thetropical forests have the highest diversity of these environmentswith an abundance of insects and many species of amphibians, birds,mammals, and plants (Sisk et al., 2013). The greatest threat of thesespecies is human activities which have led to their overexploitation.Human activities such as industrial production and agriculturalactivities have degraded the populations and also resulted in theextinction of some of them.
Inconclusion, a threat to the biodiversity threatens human welfare.People derive various benefits from the species including economicfunctions, natural services such as climate regulation, and water andair purification. These organisms’ survival is threatened by humanactivates which entail extraction to meet their economic demands.
Sisk,T. D., Launer, A. E., Switky, K. R., & Ehrlich, P. R. (2013).Identifying extinction threats: Global analyses of the distributionof biodiversity and the expansion of the human enterprise. EcosystemManagement: Selected Readings,53.
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