CASE PLAN 7
Acase plan assists a child in addressing for care and protection of achild in need for intervention. The initial development of a caseplan, which happens at a meeting with the family, ensures that theprocess is inclusive as well as participative for all involvedstakeholders (the child, family and other relevant people). The caseplan highlights the problems that a child faces prompting forinterventions, the interventions to be initiated, and the goals ofsuch interventions. The case plan should comprehensively outline howthe participants will be involved in the child’s care andprotection (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2014).
Thegoals of a case plan indicate what needs to change as a result of theintervention. The goals express what requires enhancement. In thisregard, it is very essential that identified goals explain theaspects to be changed in the intervention. Good examples of issuesthat need to change are behavior and emotions that affects a person’sprotective capacities. When the identified goals are correct,caregivers behave in a straightforward manner, which is alsocharacterized by managed feelings. In developing a case plan, focusis given to its ability to build on the client’s resources andgoals. Case plans enhance the strengths of the client, and ensurethat such strengths are replicated in meeting their goals. Goals incase planning can be short term-based or long term. Short term goalsaddress safety concerns, family stability in the immediate future,employment, job retention and increased self-sufficiency. Long termgoals include increase in self-sufficiency and enhanced familystability (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2014).
FamilyContribution in Development of a
TheChild welfare Information Gateway (2012) posits that familyinvolvement is a very critical part of case planning. The chances ofrealizing the projections of a case plan, according to the authors,are high when families are involved in developing the plan. Theinvolvement ensures that families participate and thus recognizeproblems that are present and imminent, and the goals to be realized.Personnel are required to ensure that families are involvedthroughout the life cycle of a case development from planning toimplementation. An involved family is more accountable to the course.Family involvement can be supported by such behaviors as listening tofamily issues, discussions, sharing expectations and balancingproblems with resources and strengths (Child welfare InformationGateway, 2012).
In-Homeand Out-of-Home Supervision
Inhome services is where intervention takes place in a child’snatural environment. The services provided are centered to thefamily and the community, with the family playing a fundamental rolein defining essential support structures to be offered. Variousin-home services exist, and are not limited to services that addressintensive preservation of family, child development, early childhood,and parenting (Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services,2016). Out-of-home services occur in foster homes, and involve aseparation of children from their primary caregivers. When childrenare separated from such caregivers as parents, poor mental healthbecomes a potential threat (Bullen et al., 2015). The authors furtherpostulate that children are distressed by losing an attachmentsymbol, even in circumstances where that figure is replaced by aresponsible and competent caregiver. In-Home services promoteunification of children with their caregivers. The services in anIn-Home setting are given voluntarily or through a court order, andare skewed towards ensuring the children are safe and in good health.In-Home services as opposed to Out-of-Home services are preferred forthey protect the child against the traumas associated withseparation.
Thecase at hand involves a single parent setting, where the mother hasbeen affected by substance abuse. Considering the predicament of themother, and lack of a father, the applicable case plan for the casewill be an out-of-home plan, where the child will be placed in afoster home, while undergoing intervention. A follow-up on themother’s condition will be done in order to determine eventualresettlement of the child and reunification of the family.
Consideringthat the child in the case will be set in an out-of-home setting,permanency planning is vital. Such planning will commence immediatelythe child is taken away from the mother. The planning, however,considers that reunification of the child with the parent ispossible. The timeframes or the planning, in accordance to therequired standards are conditional depending on the risk perceived bythe caseworkers. A long term placement is necessitated by a longreunification risk lasting one consecutive year or with the childbeing in placement for most of the time. The placement can also bepursued for a longer term when the contact for the time period inplacement is limited and the household from which the child wasremoved is believed unsafe.
Familyand Community Partnerships
Partneringwith families and communities in case plans endorses safety,wellbeing and permanency of affected children in the setup. Whencaseworkers engage members of the family and actively involve them invarious activities, they end up empowering them greatly. Such anengagement is centered on the family and the community. It is basedon the respective strengths of the community or the family, who arein turn allowed to decide, set goals and achieve the requisiteoutcomes for children under care. Bossad, Braxton and Conway (2014)argue that involving the family and the community in makes theparticipants participate in offering necessary services, andincreases their likelihood of delivering in the case plan.Partnerships are best achieved through involvement. Intentionalpartnerships foster individual health and improved confidence levels.Accountability is also boosted in such arrangements.
Thereare various agencies that can assist the child through interventionservices. At the federal level, possible agencies are the Children’sBureau,Administrationfor Children and Families Initiatives,The Commissionto Eliminate Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalitiesand many others. These organizations are government funded and run,and thus offer cheapest intervention services, with most servicesbeing free.
Indeveloping a case plan, the main objective is achieving the requiredprotection for the child. The plan will purposefully endeavor toserve the best interests of the child. In such a regard, the caseplans outlines the continuing intervention as well as the actionsrequired to achieve the goals of the plan. The plan gives theresponsibilities of all involved parties and the timelines for thedifferent procedures. With a comprehensive plan, it will be possibleto get a protection order for the child and, therefore, convenientlyassist and intervene for the protection of the affected child. Thecase plan developed will address safety threats, and mitigatemaltreatment risks for the child, in addition to having their needsmet, both physically and emotionally.
Variousassessment instruments can be used to check on various needs such asrisk. The FamilyDevelopment Matrix(FDM) is an assessment tool based on strengths. The tool is used forcase planning and family progress tracking. The FDM is based on 20indicators of outcome, used to document stability of an individual ora family, safety, sufficiency and cases where support is required.Application of this tool aids a user, such as a caseworker, inaddressing needs and setting relevant goals (Matrix Outcomes Model,2017). The StructuredDecision Making (SDM)assessment is a set of tools that assist a caseworker to makecritical assessment of the child’s welfare. In using this model,the caseworkers must employ critical thinking and in making theassessments. This tool is evidence based, and is used by caseworkersin making solid decisions (National Council on Crime &Delinquency, 2017). The WashingtonRisk Assessment Matrix(WRAM) is based on consensus. The tool, mostly used in making priorinvestigations has 37 indicators that are based on characteristics ofthe child, abuse or neglect severity, relationship between thecaregiver and the child, abuse chronicity, social economic issues andaccess of the perpetrator to the child. The tool assesses generalmaltreatment as opposed to individual abuse (Brown & Packard,2012).
Thispaper has reviewed case planning on child welfare. Different aspectsof the case plan were looked at, such as the timeframes, modes ofintervention supervisions, partnerships, and assessment instruments.The importance of having a case plan in child welfare intervention isevident in the article, and has been greatly underpinned. The articlecan aid a reader make informed decisions regarding childinterventions and best practices in the use of case plans.
Bossard,N., Braxton, A., & Conway, D. (2014). Meaningfulfamily engagement.In G. Mallon & P. Hess (Eds.), Child welfare for the 21stcentury: A handbook of practices, policies, and programs (pp.70–85). New York: Columbia University Press.
Brown,K. & Packard, T. (2012). Reviewof Children Welfare Assessments.San Diego: San Diego State School University of Social Work.Bullen,T., Kertesz, M., Humphreys, C., & McArthur, M. (2015). Literaturereview on supervised contact between children in out-of-home careand their parents. Canberra: Instituteof Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University.
ChildWelfare Information Gateway (2012). EngagingFamilies in ning.Retrieved fromhttps://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/engaging_families.pdf
ChildWelfare Information Gateway (2014). CasePlanning & Management in Child Protection. Retrieved fromhttps://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/responding/child-protection/case- planning/
KentuckyCabinet for Health and Family Services (2016). In-HomeServices Comparison Tool. Retrieved from http://manuals.sp.chfs.ky.gov/Resources/Related%20Resources%20Library/In%20Home %20Services%20Comparison%20Tool.docx
MatrixOutcomes Model (2017). FamilyDevelopment Matrix.Retrieved from http://matrixoutcomesmodel.com/famdevmatrix.php
NationalCouncil on Crime & Delinquency (2017). SDM.Retrieved from http://www.nccdglobal.org/assessment/structured-decision-making-sdm-model
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