Cigarette Smoking in Public Areas should be stopped
CigaretteSmoking in Public Areas should be stopped
Theissue of banning smoking in public spaces has received significantattention for an extended period. Scientific research on the effectsof tobacco use has increased significantly since the Surgeon Generalreleased his first report on smoking in 1964 (Martell,Garrett and Caraballo 1).Consequently, the past years have observed a significant decline inthe number of people who use cigarettes. Nonetheless, a large portionof the population continues smoking thus, putting both their healthand those of the other members of society at risk (Funk& Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia).The issue of banning smoking in public areas continues to evokesignificant controversy in the modern day due to various facts. Forexample, the invention of e-cigarettes has watered down the resultsthat research has made on the effects of smoking the harms of vapingare relatively unknown (Lustig).Also, the acceptability of electronic cigarettes has grown among theyouths these products have an appealing design, are advertised bydifferent candy and fruit companies, and are widely available. As aresult, the problem of smoking in public has crept back into society.Research reveals that cigarette smoking negatively affects the livesof both the smokers and nonsmokers as a result, state agenciesshould prohibit cigarette smoking in public areas.
Publicsmoking influences the younger generations to feel endeared totobacco use. Research (Voleskyet al. 130) revealsthat the youths who had viewed cigarette advertisements online, inmagazines, and in the mass media were more likely to start smoking.Public smoking also increases the chances of cigarette use among theyounger populations since they begin assuming that cigarette smokingis a socially acceptable behavior. Additionally, studies indicatethat the more the youth are exposed to advertisements that promotetobacco use, the more their intentions to smoke heighten. Statisticssuggest that around 250,000 young adults who have never smoked theconventional cigarette have utilized an e-cigarette (Voleskyet al. 130).This number reveals that a three-fold increase in the number ofsmokers in 2011. Furthermore, the high school students who had smokedan electronic cigarette asserted that they were willing to smoke theconventional cigarette at some point in their lives. In fact, 43.9%of the persons who used e-cigs contended that they intended toindulge in smoking within a one-year period (Voleskyet al. 130).This trend is perturbing because nicotine has adverse effects on anadolescent`s brain. Therefore, one can affirm that if the governmentdevelops firm laws and strict penalties against the individuals thatsmoke in public, the majority of these issues will be resolved. Thisassertion can be supported by the fact that the younger generationslook up to the older members of society for guidance. Therefore,limiting cigarette use in public will result in the development ofthe idea that cigarette smoking is not a socially acceptablebehavior. However, the opponents of the adoption of laws thatregulate public smoking contend that comprehensive studies on theadverse effects of e-cigarette use among the young adults have notbeen conducted. Additionally, scientific evidence revealing a linkbetween cardiovascular problems and electronic cigarettes use isinconclusive. Thus, the opponents of banning cigarette use in publiccontend that implementing harsh penalties for cigarette use, on thepremise of indecisive studies, is not rational. Nonetheless, researchindicates that when electronic cigarette consumption is coupled witha considerable increase in plasma nicotine concentration, thevictim’s heart rate goes up (Hodgeet al. 369).Thus, checking public smoking will not only help governments to saveon medical expenses but also protect the future generations fromdeveloping nicotine-related ailments.
Tobaccouse in public is also harmful to the wellbeing of non-smokers becausethey are exposed to both mainstream and sidestream tobacco smoke.Second-hand smoke, or environmental tobacco smoke, is a combinationof two types of smoke (Nayaket al. 524).Mainstream smoke comes from the smoker while sidestream smokeoriginates from the end of a cigarette that has been lighted.Sidestream smoke has a higher concentration of carcinogenic elementsand is more lethal than mainstream smoke (Nayaket al. 524).Additionally, the particles that are found in this kind of smoke aresmaller than those in mainstream smoke. These refined particles caneasily gain access to the body cells and lungs of a non-smoker. Whennonsmokers are exposed to second-hand smoke, they can be referred toas involuntary or passive smokers. These persons usually inhale toxicchemicals and nicotine in a manner that is similar to that of thesmokers. Thus, if a non-smoker takes in too much secondhand smoke,his chances of developing tobacco-related ailments increase (Nayaket al. 524).Nonetheless, the opponents of banning public smoking contend thatresearch has not succeeded in establishing a positive connectionbetween devices such as e-cigarettes and the development ofsmoking-related illnesses (Voleskyet al. 130).Thus, according to these individuals, implementing laws that prohibitpublic smoking is not necessary. This assertion is not accuratebecause studies reveal that the people who use e-cigarettes arehighly predisposed to using the conventional cigarettes. As aconsequence, such a person will increase smoking-related ailmentsamong the non-smoking populations (Hodgeet al. 369).Also, second-hand smoke has been linked to the development ofdiseases like cancer.
Second-handsmoke has been proven to have a strong connection with thedevelopment of cancer. Authoritative bodies like the U.S. SurgeonGeneral have classified second-hand smoke as a carcinogen (Martell,Garrett and Caraballo 1).Second-hand smoke has been linked with the development of lung canceramong the nonsmoking populations. Statistics reveal that around 71%of lung cancer ailments are attributable to smoking (Layounet al. 331).According to the U.S. Surgeon General, the persons that live withsmokers are at a higher risk of developing lung cancer such a threatmay range between 20 and 30 percent (Martell,Garrett and Caraballo 1).However, in spite of these realities, the critics of the smoking bancontend that electronic cigarettes have been proven to reduce thedevelopment of ailments like cancer (Voleskyet al. 131).Studies (Voleskyet al. 131) refutethis claim by highlighting that no level of exposure can beconsidered safe. The fact that both smokers and nonsmokers areexposed to the same amount of harmful chemicals strengthens thisobservation thus, implementing policies that prevent people fromsmoking in public areas is ideal. Additionally, second-hand smoke hasbeen linked to death and the development of various diseases.
Smokingcan lead to death or the development of diseases like heart attack.Exposure has been proven to cause premature deaths among thenonsmokers because it affects their blood vessels (Murphy13).In the U.S. alone, smoking has been attributed to around 3.9 milliondeaths every year (Funk& Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia).Moreover, the children that are exposed to this type of smoke are ata higher risk of suffering from pneumonia, sudden infant deathsyndrome, bronchitis, colds, and severe asthma. Also, the childrenthat come from homes where one or both parents smoke usuallyexperience a slowed growth of the lungs, which can make thembreathless, cough, or wheeze. Studies (Sutfinet al. 83) havealso associated nicotine use with addiction the youths are highlypredisposed to become dependent on nicotine than adults. The reasonsmentioned beforehand offer a strong argument regarding the adoptionof stricter laws that prevent people from smoking in public.Nevertheless, the supporters of public smoking ascertain thatprohibiting cigarette use is not a logical solution to reducingdiseases like heart attack, stroke, and depression. These personsclaim that no research has proven that a direct correlation betweenvaping and the development of these ailments exists (Murphy13).Although more research is required to reveal a direct link betweene-cigarette use and the development of diseases like cancer andhypertension, studies indicate that the nonsmokers that are usuallyin contact with tobacco users are highly likely to suffer fromailments like stroke, hypertension, and depression Funk& Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia). Furthermore, smoking increases discomfort at work, at home, inpublic places, and in cars.
Publicsmoking disrupts people`s daily activities. The knowledge of theeffect of second-hand smoke on people`s health may cause individualsto become overly anxious when at work, in public places, at home, andin cars. Tonya Rochette affirms that there are no safe levels ofsecondhand smoke in the workplace (Murphy13).Similarly, the 2007 Indoor Smoking Act indicates that the only way toavoid second-hand smoke is by instituting measures that preventpeople from smoking at work. Some organizations have put in placepolicies that ensure that the nonsmokers and the smokers areseparated, the air is cleaned, and the building is properlyventilated. Nonetheless, these measures are not enough because thenonsmokers will still get exposed to smoke if they work in the samebuilding with the cigarette users. This knowledge may prevent somepeople from concentrating on their work because they feel that thesmoke puts their lives and health at risk. As a result, the abilityof these individuals to remain productive will go down. Also,cigarette use in public places like parks, restaurants, and shoppingcenters exposes people to second-hand smoke. Thus, the individualsthat are aware of the grave consequences of involuntary smoking maystop visiting these areas because of health reasons. The opponents ofpublic smoking regulations assert that ventilation can help to reducesmoke in public spaces however, research reveals that there is nosafe level of exposure when it comes to second-hand smoke (Murphy14).Therefore, the best way to ensure that everyone is protected is bybanning the use of cigarettes in public.
Ina recap of the above discussion, studies reveal that second-handsmoke is harmful to the health of people. Governments, therefore,should forbid cigarette smoking in public areas. This topic hasevoked controversy over the years because cigarette companies havedeveloped products like electronic cigarettes. The health impact ofthese devices is relatively unknown thus, the government agenciesfind instituting measures that prevent people from smoking in publicchallenging. Consequently, the proponents of public smoking assertthat the actions of the individuals that use electronic cigarettes donot hurt the lives of the nonsmokers. Additionally, the studies thatshow a link between second-hand smoke and the development of chronicailments like cancer are somewhat inconclusive. These results make itharder for governments to defend their positions on implementingpublic smoking bans. Nonetheless, research indicates that second-handsmoke is dangerous because it negatively affects the health of boththe smokers and nonsmokers. Thus, in spite of the arguments that thecigarette smokers advance, a ban on public smoking should beimplemented, as discussed above.
Funk& Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia."Smoking". Eds.b.ebscohost.com.N.p., 2017. Web. 17 Apr. 2017.
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Layoun,Nelly et al. "Motivation To Quit Smoking And Acceptability OfShocking Warnings On Cigarette Packages In Lebanon." PatientPreference and Adherence Volume11 (2017): 331-342. Web.
Lustig,Steve. "Banning Vaping Makes No Sense. Evening Standard,14725223, 6/12/2015". Eds.b.ebscohost.com.N.p., 2017. Web. 17 Apr. 2017.
Martell,Brandi N., Bridgette E. Garrett, and Ralph S. Caraballo. "DisparitiesIn Adult Cigarette Smoking — United States, 2002–2005 And2010–2013". MMWR.Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 65.30(2016): 753-758. Web.
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