is used for birth control it helps in the prevention of pregnancy byhindering fertilization and ovulation. Various methods are used forbirth control. Each of the methods has some benefits and limitationsassociated with it. While one can rely on some methods, there areothers, which can be termed as unreliable. In most instances, thebirth control methods become effective when used as prescribed by thedoctor. If the user does not follow the rules for the utilization ofa certain method, there is a possibility that it will not work asexpected. Condoms, IUDs, hormonal contraception and abortion havebeen present for many years. These methods have varying levels ofeffectiveness, and they come from different cultures and are all inuse today. This paper discusses how these methods are used for birthcontrol and their effectiveness.
BirthControl Methods and their Effectiveness
Theuse of condoms is one of the birth control methods widely used allover the world. Condom use is effective in preventing unwantedpregnancies since there are low chances that a person will conceivewhile using them. Condoms are preferable since they are affordableand convenient. One can get condoms at health centers and shops,which are located everywhere. Moreover, one does not needprescription from the doctor or healthcare worker to purchase acondom. This birth control method is favored by many people sincecondoms are portable, thus making them easy to carry (Parry, 2013).Condoms are also affective since they can be used together with otherbirth control methods. When used with other methods, one isguaranteed that there will be no pregnancy. The use of condoms doesnot have side effects on the body of persons who use them.
Althoughcondoms are effective in the prevention of pregnancy, there are somelimitations associated with this birth control method. One can forgetto put on a condom before having sex, and this can contribute topregnancy. Wearing it halfway while having intercourse does not makeit effective. In addition, there are some people who feeluncomfortable when they wear condoms, and this can lead to lack ofinterest in using them. The effectiveness of a condom can be affectedby the fact that it can break while having intercourse (Parry, 2013).When it tears during intercourse, there are high chances thatpregnancy will occur. The breaking of a condom implies that a personwill take birth control pills the next day to avoid pregnancy.
Theother form of contraception that can be used, apart from condoms, isIntrauterine Device (IUD). Most IUDs are plastic and small with theshape of a T and mainly have hormones. Doctors insert IUDs in theuterus to prevent fertilization and tie a place string that run intothe vagina. Copper devices are the most commonly used for thepurposes of birth control. This birth control device has a lot ofeffectiveness compared to the IUD made of copper. This contraceptionmethod prevents pregnancy through killing sperms, thus making itimpossible for fertilization to take place. IUD devices are insertedwhen a woman is not pregnant and does not suffer from any infectionof the pelvis (Takeshita,2014).
Intrauterinedevices can be regarded as one the most appropriate birth controlmethod since it is highly effective. Unlike other methods such aspills, which one can forget to take or condoms that can be usedincorrectly, there is a guarantee that one will not become pregnantwhen using this birth control method. It is one of the contraceptionmethods that control pregnancy for a prolonged period. This method isalso preferable since it can prevent pregnancy when the copper deviceis implanted five days after having unprotected sex. With the use ofIUDs, there is a low risk of having an ectopic pregnancy among theusers (Takeshita,2014).Moreover, there is reduced menstrual bleeding and in some cases, itstops menstrual periods. Most women like this birth control methodsince it does not contribute to excessive weight gain compared to theuse of pills.
Despitethe effectiveness of the method, there are some limitations of itsuse. For instance, one can become pregnant if the IUD is pushed fromthe uterus without being noticed. This is common the first few monthsafter the device has been implanted or when used by women who havenever given birth. Excessive menstrual bleeding in women who use thedevices is also a disadvantage of this birth control method. Althoughit rarely happens, IUD can lead to the perforation of the uterusthis mostly takes place when the device is being inserted. Vaginaldischarge can also occur among women who use uterine devices as abirth control measure (Takeshita,2014).
Hormonalcontraception is another birth control method used to preventunwanted pregnancy. Hormonal contraceptives have come to replace oralcontraception, which was commonly used in the past. Although the twoare different based on how they are used, the drugs used in bothforms of contraception are not different. Hormonal contraception isadministered as implants or through injections. An implant consistsof a thin rod inserted in the upper arm of a woman and containsprogestin hormone, which is released for a period of several years.Injections are administered in the arms and their effectiveness lastsfor three months. There are also oral contraceptives, which contain acombination of progestin and estrogen hormones. Hormonalcontraception can also take the form of a skin patch, which is wornon body parts such as buttocks or lower abdomen (Grigg-Spall,2013).The patch works through the mechanism of releasing hormones thatprevent pregnancy. The patches are mostly used for a period of threeweeks after which they are removed to allow the flow of menstrualperiods.
Anotherform of hormonal contraception is the wearing of contraceptive ringin the vagina for a period of three weeks. Women who use hormonalcontraceptives do not experience ovulation. This implies that thereis no release of an egg. Thus, fertilization by the sperm cannot takeplace. This form of birth control also prevents pregnancy by changingvaginal secretions. This birth control method is commonly usedbecause of its effectiveness. Moreover, most women find it easier touse compared to others (Grigg-Spall,2013).This method is also preferable since it can be safely used when oneis pregnant. However, this method contributes to unpredictablemenstrual periods, which do not come at regular intervals.
Abortionis another form of contraception that has been used for many years.Through this birth control method, medical techniques are performedwith the intention of bringing the life of an unborn child to an end.Most women who procure abortions do not use other birth controlmethods. Abortion is recommended when the health of the unborn childor parent is in danger. Although this method prevents unwantedpregnancy, there are some ethical and religious concerns associatedwith it. Most religions consider abortion to be unethical. Inaddition, some cultures do not advocate for this form of birthcontrol and those who engage in it are considered outcasts. Women whoprocure abortion are at a high risk of suffering from infections ofthe reproductive tract. Other health risks associated with this birthcontrol method include uterus perforation and excessive bleeding,which threatens the life of the person who aborts. There are alsohigh chances that a person will experience difficulties gettingpregnant in the future. Thus, abortion is one of the unsafe methodsof birth control (Schoen,2012).
Variousbirth control methods can be used to prevent pregnancy. Each of themethods has its benefits and side effects. Condom use is thecontraception methods widely used to avoid pregnancy. People prefercondoms since they are affordable and readily available in healthcenters and local stores. However, this method can be risky sincecondoms can tear during intercourse. Another common contraception isIUDs, which are inserted into the uterus to prevent sperms frompenetrating. The use of devices is one of the most effectivecontraceptives. The other birth control method is hormonalcontraception, which can be administered as either implants orinjections. Abortion, which involves the termination of pregnancy, isanother contraception used to avoid unwanted births. The use of thismethod is mostly done in secret because most governments criminalizeabortion.
Grigg-Spall,H. (2013). Sweeteningthe pill: Or how we got hooked on hormonal birth control.Winchester, UK: Zero Books.Bottomof ForTop of Form
Parry,M. (2013). Broadcastingbirth control: Mass media and family planning.New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.
Schoen,J. (2012). Womenand the Politics of Sterilization: A UNC Press Short, Excerpted fromChoice and Coercion: Birth Control, Sterilization, and Abortion inPublic Health and Welfare.Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Takeshita,C. (2014). "BirthControl for a Nation": The IUD as Technoscientific Biopower: ABIT of the Global Biopolitics of the IUD. NewYork: MIT Press.
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