CRIMINAL JUSTICE 3
Personally,I have all it takes to work in the field of criminal justice andexecute my legal duties in an ethical and professional manner. As astudent, I have gained tremendous experience over the time throughinternships. I am a calm and collected person, who can profoundly andcoherently communicate verbally and in written communication. Myleadership skills are exceptional as I have an excellent personalcharacter, which is paramount in the criminal justice career. Mypersonal ethics gives me the much-needed personal confidence since Istrongly believe that I can comfortably handle cumbersome situationsmore confidently. I have come across many people with sensitivecases, and I have managed to make proper decisions through beinganalytical and overly incisive. It is an aspect that has enabled meto enhance competent customer service. As such, I have gainedtremendous public confidence whereby people tend to trust and believein my services.
Profilingand discrimination in the public sector are lethal and have ruinedcareers of many public workers (DiGiacomo, 2016). From a personalpoint of view, such issues would only influence my career in one wayor another but not my future life. I have learned to distinguish myjob from personal life, and when one is not working out well, I don`tallow it to influence the other. When profiling and prejudice at theworkplace take a toll order in my career, I would vehemently do allthat is possible to deal with it, in such a way that my personal lifewould remain unaffected. However, to some extent, when such issuesbecome too much, I would resiliently seek professional guidance fromother professionals in the same field, as to how I can resilientlyovercome them.
DiGiacomo,G. (2016).Human rights: Current issues and controversies.Toronto London: University of Toronto Press.
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Thedue process ensures that all legal rights of an individual arerespected by the state. The government or a state may violate the dueprocess if it does not adhere to the rule of law. People may beharmed if the correct course of law is not followed. Legalproceedings and laws may be limited by the due process (Schmalleger,2017). Judges are, therefore, required to define and guaranteejustice, fundamental fairness, and liberty. The paper describes thedue process and its successful application in criminal justicesystems.
Guaranteesof the Due Process
Theenforcement of laws in the United States is based on the due process.The fourteenth and fifth amendments of the law guarantee the dueprocess. The Fifth Amendment hinders the government from misusing itsauthority to harm individuals. Besides, the fourteenth amendmentensures that the government does not deprive citizens their rights.The two amendments are referenced to make sure that state government,the federal government, courts, and agencies adhere to the dueprocess (Schmalleger, 2017). Criminal activity is likely to increaseif the due process is fully upheld by the legal process. Some aspectsare considered when implementing justice. In some cases, the dueprocess is violated to ensure a fair trial and minimize the risk ofunlawful activities.
TheExclusionary Rule and the Doctrine
Theexclusionary rule is constitutionally applied in the United States toprevent the use of analyzed or gathered evidence to violate the legalrights of defendants. Citizens are protected from illegitimateseizures and searches using the exclusionary rule. The fruit of thepoisonous tree is a term used to define evidence that is acquiredthrough illegal methods. The legal metaphor states thatidentification of taints in a source of information shows thatanything acquired from it is tainted. The criminal justice in Americaconsiders the doctrine and the exclusionary rule when enforcing thelaw to protect defendants from any unlawful harm. The two rules areused to prevent the police from applying force or using illegalmethods to acquire evidence (Schmalleger, 2017). The criminal justiceis required to exclude evidence that was illegally gathered based onthe doctrine and the exclusionary rule when making judgments.
Policingin America and Prohibition Era
Policingin America was developed after its establishment in England. Theearly colonies implemented two forms of policing, which included thecommunal and informal procedures. Community volunteers made thepolicing systems, and their role involved cautioning of futuredanger. Informal policing constituted of night and daytime watchaccomplished by watchmen and other volunteers. Constables supervisedthe watch and ensured that laws were followed. Acentralizedpolicing system was established in the 1830 and a police forcedeveloped in 1838 (Schmalleger, 2017). Several cities in the countryestablished municipal police forces by 1880 that performed the lawenforcement task. Slave patrols were also created in some of thesouthern states such as Carolina since 1704.
Themodern police forces were later developed to address disorder in thecountry. Policing in America has undergone numerous development, andthe recent police force is different from the one that existed in1870. Prohibition era involved the opposition of alcohol ban law,which was focused on minimizing crime (Schmalleger, 2017). Policingchanged during the era and law enforcement saw the need for advancedtechniques and properly trained personnel. Constitutional amendmentswere also witnessed during the prohibition era that contributed tothe improvement of law enforcement and policing in America.
Inconclusion, policing in America has gone through various adjustmentsthat are aimed to address the diverse crime incidences. Theprohibition era influenced the growth of law enforcement in Americabecause it displayed the need for a competent policing system. Thedue process, and other rules have been incorporated in the judicialsystem to protect individual’s rights from being violated.
Schmalleger, F. (2017). Criminal justice today: An introductorytext for the 21st century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: PearsonPrentice Hall.
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