Crito, Euthyphro Dialogues with Socrates
Crito,Euthyphro Dialogues with Socrates
Accordingto Crito, Socrates should escape the prison. He presents three mainarguments for why Socrates should escape. The first, Crito says thathe will lose a good friend when Socrates dies and that his name inthe community may be hurt. Crito also argues that Socrates shouldescape because of his children. It is his responsibility to raise hischildren well. However, Socrates refuses to subscribe to this ideaclaiming that he cannot harm the just law because doing so makes himsame like the accusers. Socrates holds that he has made a socialcontract with Athens, which requires each party to act for the goodof the other contract member. Socrates believes trying to retaliateagainst those causing harm to him only increases his suffering. It isnot advisable for Socrates to disobey the sentence passed by thejury, because he will be forced into exile. This implies that he willnot have any chance to live in any civilized society across theworld. The laws, according to Socrates present a duty on which oneis bound.
Onthe other hand, Socrates and Euthyphro engage in a conversationtrying to explore the relationships between holiness i.e. religionand ethics. According to Euthyphro, piety occurs when one is ready topersecute all those who offend the religion regardless of theirrelationships. For this, Socrates refuses because he believes thereare so many holy deeds through which issues can be handled.Therefore, he request Euthyphro to identify one thing that all holydeeds have in common. He also holds that piety entails whatever allgods approve. Therefore, piety is any justice performed to look afterthe gods but Socrates refuses claiming that gods are omnipotent andthey do not need help form human beings. Socrates, through hisquestions points out the inconsistency in Euthyphro understanding ofpiety. It appears Socrates has a better argument because Euthyphrofinds it hard to challenge his ideas. The dialogue endsinconclusively demonstrating the irony of the conversation whenSocrates pretends to be a student yet he is more informed thanEuthyphro.
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