The contemporary culture has been greatly influenced by music and itsproduction. Non-coincidentally, there is no dogmatic separationbetween music and cultural change. Music and its production has beena focal point in cultural change, let alone being able to make a lotof money. It is imperative to note that in the last one century,music has been able to influence the social cognitive behavior ofhuman beings.at the same case, culture has been resilient about thechange implicated on it by music. Overall, there has been a lot ofpushes and pulls between culture and music. In as much as culture isto blame for cultural change, culture is also to blame for thechanges occurring in it. In the 21st century the music andculture relationship has taken another twist with the formerinfluencing the latter quite significantly (Berger, 2014).
Music and Crime
Music and crime can be significantly related. Preliminarily,musicians have been jailed for propagating crime through theirlyrics. However, it is imperative to note that the Caribbean musicalartists have been the most influential when it comes to crime. In thelast five decades, Caribbean music has been very imperative when itcomes to changing the youths’ cognitive behavior. Most youths havetaken up the behavior that is associated with most musicians, fromdressing to language. In an American scenario, most youths have takenup the accent associated with most musical artists while also copyingtheir arduous and intolerant characters. It is crucial to understandthat music, among other entertainment vessels, is most givenattention to. People will spend hours listening to music and they aredefinitely going to be influenced by this genre of entertainment.
Musicians such as Ja Rule and 50 Cent have been associated with crimeand people who listen to their songs are definitely going to bechanged on matters regarding their social life. While everygeneration is envious of the next trend in music, the current crop ofyouths is trying to copy the current behaviors in music so that theycan understand upcoming genres, on this regard, the current musicalgenres are very consistent on the formation of crime gangs and youthshave been very prevalent on picking the same. Hitherto, people havebeen very cautious on changing their cultural reins. Retrogressively,people find music that enchants their lives in various places. Atthat point, music is likely to influence people to take part incrime.
On the contrary, music has been used to resolve previous conflictsinvolving crime. In the Post American War, music was significantlyused to resolve the conflict and connect the south and the north. TheNortherners created music that connected their Southern counterparts.Largely, the Northerners were keen on taking the Southerners aboardon their resolve of creating the United States of America. Keen onthat resolve the Northerners wanted to create a pathway that couldreconcile them with the Southerners. The Northerners, therefore,created music that could embrace thematic concerns affiliated toreconciliations (Saffle, & Heintze, 2014). In that similar case,the Southerners who won the war on a Reconstruction note were alsoable to produce songs that made sure they conciliated with theNortherners. The Southerners are the related with the crop of singerswho have attracted much fanaticism in the world.
Music and Slavery
Music has played a major role in resolving the conflict betweenslaves and their colonial masters, particularly in Northern Americaand the Caribbean Islands. Of particular interest is the role playedby music in resoling and ending apartheid in South Africa. Both blackand white movements fought for the abolition of apartheid and slaveryin South Africa and their efforts were eventually successful despitetaking a considerably long time. Abolitionists targeted apartheid andmade it extremely difficult to ignore for the global spectators andplayers. The model adopted by Britain in South Africa was quitebrutal and it was made clear, through the sounds of music that theera was coming to an end. It was music that inspired hope into theslaves and drove them into resistance as the world watched. Musicobjectified public outcry on the denial of the most basic human needsand rights. The global players felt the pressure and reason tointervene, which was mainly done through boycotts and restriction oftrade with South Africa.
Through the time of the struggle, ‘liberation music’ kept theAfrican National Congress (ANC) movement together and orientedtowards the shared desire. Music was an ideal communal act thatbrought awareness, even amongst the colonists, on the injustices thesociety faced. One of the key artists in the war of liberation wasVuyisile Mini who composed a song intended for Hendrik Verwoerd, aprime minister whose tenure saw the rapid implementation of apartheidin South Africa. The song, ‘Ndodemnyama we Verwoerd’, which canbe translated to mean ‘watch out Verwoerd’ made the artist one ofthe most legendary resistance organizers. The song composed the Miniwas, in itself, a statement of resistance and it made his involvementin the ANC quite notable and respected. Inarguably, music incitedviolence and rebellion but it was critical in resolving thedecades-long era of apartheid. Exiled musicians were critical inbroadcasting messages of hope internationally and fuelled thecreation of a consensus between the two warring sides. It was musicthat created unity after conflict and empowered the black and whitecitizens to live together as one community.
The Case of Ireland
Like in South Africa, music was used to nurture both violence andsolidity between conflicting groups. The Celtic harp has been broadlyrecognized for its function in the reams of peace and war in Ireland.Occasionally, the Celtic harp was transformed into an instrument ofsatire, especially when coupled with a poet. The owner of theinstrument had the political authority to challenge the cases ofimpunity within the society by reprimanding or praising as hepleases. The conflict in Ireland took a religious and societal shapewhere the Protestant unionists and Catholic nationalists whereauthority and power was mixed following the rebellion of theprotestants against the orthodox cultural ways (Roberts, 2012). Bothgroups integrated music and dance as a means of delineating thedifferences between the two groups. There were poetic duels andcompetitions that were used to evaluate the superiority of eithergroups, with particular attention being on the male opponents. Withtime, the groups united socially, politically, and economically evenwhen the differences in religious beliefs continued to exist. Musicwas a central figure of cultural and ethnic identity at a time whenambiguity and uncertainty could result in the extinction of a group,especially after the invasion of Ireland in the seventeenth century.Nevertheless, there was the decline of the Gaelic culture, whichthreatened national stability and solidarity. The music played atthat time reinforced the recognition of nationhood and played a majorrole in consolidation and self-determination.
Music has contemporarily taken part in changing the way we feel andthink. Music has, since time in memorial, been used to resolveconflicts among warring groups. Iteratively, music has been used tomake sure that warring groups are at peace. Music has been used toamend and make reconciliations between groups that are not at peacewith each other. In the last one century, music has been very pivotalin making sure that there is peace between two groups. Music alsoplayed a great role in ensuring that great events such as the slavetrade ended amicably. The Caribbean music has been greatly used tocrea9te scenes of crime and at the same time resolve them. Genresrelated to the Caribbean music are always related to crime. In asmuch as the genre propagates crime, it also addresses ways in whichthe crime can be resolved. Music is also related to the resolution toend slavery. The blacks who were by then traded created music thatensured the trade was branded illegal and eventually being closed.The black Americans who were by then being branded as trade toolsbrought slavery to an end through creation of music. In Ireland,music was used to both create violence as well as bring it to an end.From the three example, it is apparent that music cannot bedogmatically separated with a change in culture.
Berger, S. (2014). Call and Response: Music,Power, and the Ethnomusicological Study of Politics and “NewDirections for Ethnomusicological Research into the Politics of Musicand : Issues, Projects, and Programs". Ethnomusicology, 58(2),315. http://dx.doi.org/10.5406/ethnomusicology.58.2.0315
Roberts, L. (2012). Talking bout my generation:popular music and the culture of heritage. InternationalJournal Of Heritage Studies, 20(3),262-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13527258.2012.740497
Saffle, M., & Heintze, J. (2014). Musicand in America, 1861-1918 (1sted.). Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.
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