Description of Dance Styles
Descriptionof Dance Styles
Theclassification of dance styles can be done on different grounds.These functional grounds can be classified as recreational, religiousor theatrical. The dance style varies between ethnic or tribal lines,between professional and amateur, and between styles and genres[CITATION Bia13 l 2057 ].The essay describes the various dance style as conducted across theworld.
Balletis basically a theater dance that started around 1500 during theperiod of Renaissance in Italy. The term ballet originates fromItalian word ‘ballare’ meaning to dance. The earliest dancingstyles were introduced in France when Catherine de Medici and KingHenry II were married.
Duringthe earlier stages, the dancers wore pantaloons, ornaments, masks,big headdresses and brocaded costing layers. The formal vocabularyand terminologies of the ballet were formulated in French about 100years, during King Luis XIV’s reign. Professional dancers werehired to entertain the king and other noblemen. The dancing stepscomprised of gentle turns, slides, small hops, and curtsies
From Italian background, the ballet dancers in Russia and Francedeveloped and advanced their stylistic feature. By the year 1850Russia was leading in creativity and innovation environment of worlddance, ballet evolved and became fashionable as it became morepopular in 19th century, with even women performing in white andbell-like shirts. The Pointe Dance was exclusively reserved for womenwho inspired and motivated some recognizable individuals.
Inthe 20th century, Serge Diaghilev, the Russian theater producerbrought some state’s most talented composers, dancers, singers,choreographers, and designers together to form Ballet Russes group.The Ballet Russes visited America and Europe to represent theunlimited number of the ballet. In America, the popularity of balletgrew and in 1930 most members of Ballet Russes left to settle andwork in U.S[ CITATION Kie12 l 2057 ].
Inthe ballet dance, lines and formations are used when the dancers makecurved, angular, asymmetrical and symmetrical shapes during stageperformance. The movements of the dancers lead to the repetition ofthe body shapes which created rhythm.
Theclassical ballets like La Sylphlike and Giselle were founded in 19thcentury, the time of Romantic Movement. The work of ballets wasgreatly influenced by the themes such as, the Magic and spirits ofSupernatural World which reflected women as fragile and passive inthe society. During the earlier 20th century women startedparticipating in the ballet dance and their image as weak and fragilechanged and inspired a great number of people such as the Romanticheroines.
Balletdance was founded during the era of Renaissance period when courtsstarted mixing singing and dance. This was influenced by dancerslike Ballet. Later, Jean Lully, a French-Italian composer startedincluding short ballet pieces in the operas. The French dance master,Beauchamp established a five feet position as one of the steps inballet dancing style and still used as the training basic today.
Thefolk dance is normally performed by a group of people spontaneously.The folk songs mark the celebrations of harvest, festivals, wedding,initiation and funeral rites. They are also performed to celebratevictory after a war, a hunt, or the end of the dangers of naturalcalamities and evil, which can affect the whole society. The folkdances are performed by common people who are untrained and notprofessional dancers. They are basically performed to expresshappiness and joy. They also believed that their performance was aspecial prayer that gave thanks to the gods.
Theperformers of folk dance are very vibrant and energetic. The movementis easy with few steps, derived from their everyday economicactivities which act as their main source of motivation. They arenormally led by their leader who extends his creativity, knowledge,skills and imaginations to make the performance more vibrant,colorful and vigorous. They strictly follow their values, customs,taboos and limitation during the performance which varies from timeto time depending on the type of dance and occasion. During thepresentations of the folk dance, the performers are accompanied bydrummers and windblown instruments with songs.
Beforethe period of agricultural and industrial revolution the occupationsof the primitive men was hunting and gathering, up to the time, whenthey started agricultural activities completely, which needed a lotof hard work from the period of land preparation, planting, andharvesting, and after harvesting, recreational activity was the folkdance[ CITATION Bia13 l 2057 ].
Thefork dance uses lines and formations when making patterns and variousshapes and letters during presentations. Repetition was enhanced bythe use of choruses when the sound accompanied by song and musicinstruments. The rhythm was created by the repetition of some line ofsong and playing of music instruments.
Thefolk dance was basically based on aspirations of a certain story,theme, and symbols and images in the society, which implied theaesthetic aspect of the lives of the people through oral traditionsand fable tales. The song accompanied the dance had the main themesthe wanted to disclose to educate, warn and advice and celebratecertain individuals in the society based on their deeds[CITATION Bia13 l 2057 ].
Themovement during the presentations of dance varied from time andoccasions. The movements were very slow with very minimal steps whichwere rhythmic. They also swayed and waved their legs and armsrhythmically. The dance influenced each performer to come up withvarious ways of presentation, as some were copying and imitating themovement of animals and plants and they incorporated them in thedance[ CITATION Kie12 l 2057 ].
Inconclusion, the dance styles mainly were influenced by the period,occasions, the economic activities, culture and beliefs of thepeople. The dance had different moves and rhythms. Also the variousdance styles had specific place of origin and the kind of people whopracticed. The dancing styles were different from one ethnic group toanother and wer conducted in different occasions.
Biasutti, M. (2013, February 14). Improvisation in Dance education: Teacher Views. Reaserch in Dance Education, 120-140.
Kiepe, M. S. (2012). Effects of Dance Therapy and Ballroom Dances on Physical and Mental Illiness: Asystematic Review. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 404-411.
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