Discussion on Bioethical Dilemma
Discussionon Bioethical Dilemma
Discussionon Bioethical Dilemma
An ethical dilemma is a situation that develops a mental conflict andputs you into a two-fold. In this case, taking one side wouldsuppress the other. Development and advancement of medicine andbiology have formed several bioethical paradoxes. The dilemmasrequire the development of medical policies to aid in solving them.The paper will discuss the bioethical dilemma in biological processesand the use of technology.
BioethicalDilemma in In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
IVF is a technology advancement where fertilization is carried in alaboratory and then the zygote is implanted into a foster mother fordevelopment. The practice is used after all reproduction procedureshave failed (Dembińska,2012). The practice has developed several bioethicaldilemmas. The procedures used in the collection of the semen’sdevelop a debated. First, they violate the marital right ofprocreation. It limits copulation among the spouses, which is amarital right. There is involvement of the third party who isconducting the collection of sperms. Family issues are consideredprivate and personal. Hence, the involvement of the third might leadto the development of family conflict. In addition, the practice isethically wrong since it interrupts with the emotional-physical unionof spouses.
Second, the practice requires the development of multiple embryos dueto the low success rate. Several embryos will be transferred into themother`s womb that will result in multiple pregnancies. Later,several embryos will be removed to improve survival for one or twofetuses. Removal of the excess embryo is an abortion. It is ethicallywrong to have an abortion. Abortion terminates a human life andcauses pain to the subject. In addition, religion opposes the use ofabortion.
On the other hand, the procedures are helping partners with sexualproblems and the homosexuals who desire to have children, but theyare limited by their marital status. The procedure is also beneficialto aged women who are at their postmenopausal but wishing to havechildren. However, more discussion develops in this case as itoverlooks mental and physical stability of the child. Biologically,children who are born by parents at their old age face severalabnormalities. They develop mental retardation and slow growth rate.It is morally wrong to reproduce such types of children at theexpense of satisfying mother`s self-interest (Loike,Rush, Schweber and Fischbach, 2013).
Still, IVF leads to diversity in science, and it has helped to solvegenetically related problems. The procedure helps women sufferingfrom a frequent miscarriage to bear children. In addition, it helpsin prevention of weak genes from infected parents. If parents havegenetical abnormalities that can be inherited to the child, differentsperms or ova are developed from different people.
Abortion is an intentional termination of child’s life. The actionis morally wrong. It is against the human rights and the religion.Through abortion, the child`s life is terminated. The child has aright to live. In addition, the methods used to cause abortion arepainful to both the mother and the child. Sometimes they lead to themother`s death (Shrage,2013).
However, abortion can be permissible in different arguments. If thepregnancy risks the mother`s life, then it will be permissible tohave an abortion. Mother`s life cannot be risked at the expense of animmortal fetus. In addition, situations like rape cases lead toabortion permit. None of the mothers would wish to have a child whomthey had no planned (McKenny,2016). Having such children would keep recurring thepast painful memories of rape. Hence, by terminating the pregnancywould solve the case.
In conclusion, there are several ethical dilemmas facing humankind.The dilemmas are exacerbated by the advancement of science andtechnology. Moral ethics help in solving the ethical paradoxes. It isimportant to consider the consequences of taking either of the sides.The side that brings more pleasure than pain should be considered.
Dembińska,A. (2012). Bioethicaldilemmas of assisted reproduction in the opinions of polish
women ininfertility treatment: a research report. Journalof medical ethics, 38
Loike,J. D., Rush, B. S., Schweber, A., & Fischbach, R. L. (2013).Lessonslearned from
undergraduatestudents in designing a science-based course in bioethics. CBE-LifeSciences Education, 12(4),701-710.
McKenny,G. P. (2016). Torelieve the human condition: Bioethics, technology, and the body.
Shrage,L. (2013). Moraldilemmas of feminism: Prostitution, adultery, and abortion.Routledge.
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