Dissociative Identity Disorder
DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER 6
Thebrainis afantasticillustration of the developmentof human muscle that is healthy. However, it has certain mentalsickness which goes undetected. As intricate as the brain is, thereisasituationwhich can result in a disorder that takes place throughout anindividual’s lifetime.One of the rarediseases for an individual to be diagnosed with is the one known as. It is anillness thathadexisted for many years since the 1800suntil later in 1994 when it wasdiscoveredand it has not been given much consideration. All the same, thisdisorder is still theoretical when it comes to debating it in aprofessional perspective given the fact that it has not been easy tocarry research on it and prove its existence. Thus, this paper willcompare and contrast different articles regarding their views on thesame. The articlesinclude exploringdissociation and dissociative identity disorder by Itzkowitz,Chefetz, Hainer,Hopenwasser& Howell (2015) and dissociativeidentity disorder: improving treatment outcomes by Slack (2014).
Slack(2014)looks at what particularly the disease is all about, and describes itas a disorder with a lot of complex personalities all of which livein the same body. At different times, each one of thesepersonalities is always in charge and dominates or rather controlsthe body with each displaying different style, taste, thoughtprocesses and other factors that defines an individual. Nonetheless,Slack(2014)says that a lot of research has revealed that there are more than thetraitsmentioned aboveregarding the disease. In this article, Slack(2014)say that there is a study which found out that out of manypersonalities, allergies, athletic abilities, eye prescription andsometimes diabetes can be present in one of the personalities yetabsent in others. FurtherSlack (2014) says that an individual who hosts these personalitiescan change anytimefrom one personalityto another without being aware of the switching process. Slack(2014)further claims that the switching process can result in memory losscoupled with time loss when exhibiting aprimarypersonality that always doesnot have accesstoactivities of other personalities.
Inthis article written by Itzkowitz, Chefetz, Hainer, Hopenwasser &Howell (2015) it is said that dissociative identity disorder isdefined by identity disintegrationrather than the existence of separatepersonalities. The interruption is not as a result of directpsychological impacts of a substance or due to a medical situation.According to Itzkowitz, Chefetz, Hainer, Hopenwasser & Howell(2015), this disorder was initiallyidentified as multiple personality disorder up to early 1994 when thename of the disorder was changed after comprehensive research on thiscondition. The condition was identified throughits characteristics which includedsplintering, fragmentation of identity instead of being identified byits growth or development in relation todifferent identities. Itzkowitz, Chefetz,Hainer, Hopenwasser & Howell (2015) say that this disease hasbecome common and its diagnosis has emergedto be controversial.
Itzkowitz,Chefetz, Hainer,Hopenwasser& Howell (2015) explain controversial nature of DID from the factthat patients suffering from this condition are easily mesmerized,their signs are iatrogenic, which means that they have just come updue to therapist’s suggestions. However, brain imaging researchershave confirmed individualidentity evolution in some patients.
Itzkowitz,Chefetz, Hainer,Hopenwasser& Howell (2015)say that possession form identities arealways revealedas an act which manifestsitself likeasupernaturalbeingwho has total control of the person. A lot of these possessionsseemed to be ordinary part of spiritual or cultural practices.Conversely, when these states areleftto develop strong roots,they grow into a disorder when they are not needed to since theyresult in impairment or distresses which arenot toleratedas part of the tradition or rather traditionpractice.
Thefirst common point that the two articles have pointedoutis that the disorder has an adaptivereaction which makes the victim experiencetrauma which they tend to forget in their mind to avoid dealing withthe same horrific situation in particular.
Theyboth say that the disorder isoften consideredas an artistic survival approach that permits an individual to escapepainful experience when they are beingharmed.
However,a common misconception between these two articles is the confusion ofDID with the maladyof schizophrenia. The later has no personalities,but instead,it results in hallucinationof diversevoices which tends to operate outside the head. According toItzkowitzet al (2015),this disease is caused by brain malfunction but can be treated byadministration of particular prescribed drugs. Whereas according toSlack (2014)DID cannot be cured with drug prescriptions given the fact that itis an entirelypsychological disorder which istriggeredby violence and some dreadfulchildhood abuse experience.
Formost people who tend to observe the victims with this disorderdescribe them as fantasticand weird. But for the patient, this situationtends to create a confusion and a horrible experience. Nonetheless,the treatment of this disease is an excruciatinglypainful process for patients given that they must face theirtraumatic experience head on. As each and every traumatic experienceis taken care of, the experience tends to hold undigested distress.
Itzkowitz,S., Chefetz, R. A., Hainer, M., Hopenwasser, K., & Howell, E. F.(2015). Exploring dissociationand dissociative identity disorder: A roundtable discussion.PsychoanalyticPerspectives,12(1),39-79.
Slack,C. (2014). Dissociative identity disorder: improving treatmentoutcomes. Counselling& Psychotherapy Journal,14(1),43-45.
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