East Asian Immigrants to North America
EastAsian Immigrants to North America
EastAsian Immigrants to North America
Section1: 3. Changes in the Japanese Women Social and Legal Position in theNorth American East Asian Immigration History
TheNorth American East Asian migration history presented significanttransformation in social and legal positions of various socialgroups. Precisely, women witnessed notable changes in their legal andsocial position. Initially, Japanese women in North American held arelatively low social position. In most instances, women werepresumed to be sex objects and subordinate staffs. Studies alsoreveal that women faced regrettable discrimination and stereotype byWhite population and other male members of the society. Therefore,the analysis of changes in Japanese women’s legal and socialposition in North American East Asian immigration history over thelast century and a half can support the identification of aspectsthat undermine gender equality in the contemporary society.
Initially,Japanese women were laborers who earned relatively limited income. Asa result, Native Americans preferred to recruit women in complicatedundertakings and manual duties. Besides, Japanese women engaged inprostitution for economic gains. However, the American governmentadopted various regulations and guidelines that changed Japanesewomen position in the society. For instance, the Page Act of 1875changed Japanese women roles in America. The statute prohibitedprostitution among immigrants in the country. The law also banned theimportation of women for immoral purposes. Furthermore, the lawrestricted Japanese men from migrating with their wives in the UnitedStates.
Japanesewomen held the lowest social position in the society in the NorthAmerican East Asian immigration history. Japanese women had the dutyto engage in family affairs without participating in productiveeconomic activities. However, the period witnessed the introductionof intensive guidelines that supported gender and social equality insocial and economic activities. For instance, the federal governmentpassed regulations that granted Japanese women powers to ownproperties. Besides, constitutional changes gave Japanese womenrights to own properties, right to inherit family resources,authority to make decisions on marriage and divorce, parental rights,and the right to vote.
Therefore,accessible data indicate that Japanese women witnessed notablechanges in the North American East Asian immigration history.Scholars associated the identified legal and social changes withchanges in the Constitution and the existence of advocacy groups. Thewitnessed changes significantly advanced Japanese women privilege andinfluence in the society.
Section2:2. Significant Problems and Issues Faced By Chinese Immigrants UpTo 1937
Chineseimmigrants started moving in the United States in the early 1800s.Chinese immigrants were interested in benefiting from emergingeconomic activities to meet their personal and families’ needs. Forinstance, Chinese immigrants were interested in benefiting from theCalifornia Gold Rush and lucrative wages in sugarcane plantations.However, despite their immense contribution to the global andAmerican economy, immigrants faced regrettable legal, economic, andsocial challenges. For instance, they were forced to pay ForeignMiner Taxwhich was supposed to be paid by all foreigners, but the move wasdiscriminatory since only Chinese were paying. Therefore, theanalysis of the presented challenges can assist global leaders toformulate reliable guidelines to enhance global social and economicintegration.
TheChinese immigrants faced regrettable Gold Rush discrimination. Theinitial wave of the Chinese immigrants moved to the United States inthe 1840s to benefit from the California Gold Rush. However, thehighest number of immigrants arrived in 1851. Most of the immigrantswere interested in benefiting from emerging labor opportunities.However, immigrants faced high racial discrimination levels fromNative Americans. Although the Chinese accounted for over 20% ofFrancisco’s population, they were robbed their mines. Besides, thestates introduced severe regulations that undermined theiroperations. For instance, the foreign miners’ tax policysignificantly reduced the Chinese income.
Americansalso overworked Chinese in the construction of the transcontinentalrailroads. Ideally, immigrants including Chinese undertook most ofthe manual labor. Although the Chinese contribution was outstanding,their wages were relatively low as compared to Native Americans. Theexisting regulations also banned Chinese from attaining theCalifornia citizenship. Besides, the Chinese immigrants earned $ 27while their European counterparts acquired $ 35. Furthermore, theAmerican government introduced ChineseExclusion Act of 1882, which prohibited Chinese laborers for tenyears. The law left Chinese to be jobless and unwanted in Californiaafter railway construction was completed. They tried to demonstrateagainst the inhumane treatment but most of them were killed and othersubjected to poverty.
Thegovernment also introduced strict laws that discouraged Chinese frommigrating into America. For instance, the Page Law aimed at reducingthe number of Chinese migrating into the country. Furthermore,despite the existence of the 868 Burlingame-Seward Treaty, theCongress passed additional laws that denied Chinese access to thecountry. For example, the Chinese Exclusion Act banned Chinese frommigrating to the United States for ten years. The Scott Act alsoprohibited Chinese-Americans from re-entering into the country.
Therefore,although Chinese had a notable contribution to the America economy,they faced regrettable legal challenges. The high discriminationlevels also discouraged Chinese from moving to America. The existenceof strict regulations was a threat to the existing mutual anddiplomatic relationship between China and the United States.
Section3:1. Chinese Immigrant Experience to and in North America
TheChinese immigrants started staying in North America in late 1938.Economic hardship in China and search for economic opportunities weremost important aspects that compelled immigrants to move to theUnited States. A good number of immigrants were peasant farmers wholeft China due to consistent droughts. Immigrants witnessedregrettable experience in North American. The existing strictregulations and poor social integration undermined their position andproductivity in the country. Therefore, the evaluation of Chineseimmigrants’ experiences on their identity and dynamism can enhancethe formulation and implementation of integrative regulations tosupport globalization in the modern society.
Chineseimmigrants in North America were interested in working hard tosupport their families’ needs. As a result, Chinese had a mutualrelationship with other immigrants in North America. However, despitetheir commitment to their work, Native Americans described Chineseculture as inferior. Therefore, Native Americans were interested ineliminating Chinese culture in the society. The media also underminedthe influence of the Chinese culture in America. Therefore, Chineseimmigrants’ national and cultural identity was largely reduced tofavor interests of Native Americans’ beliefs in the country.Immigrants also lacked the opportunity to practice their cultural inNorth America
TheChinese immigrants in North America also witnessed problem in theirfashions and way of operations. Ideally, the United States’government used the media to undermine the contribution and positionof the Chinese values in the country. For instance the mediapresented the Chinese culture as exotic and sinister to Americans.Therefore, the Chinese population faced criticism for having uniquereligious beliefs and faith. Immigrants also faced discrimination forliving a bachelor society, celebrating different holidays, speakingthe native language, using opium, eating different foods, andengaging in gambling games. Americans also accused immigrants ofkeeping long hairs. As a result, the existing unique culture amongthe Chinese population undermined their dynamism in their fashion andself-identity.
Empiricaldata indicates that Chinese population in North American hadregrettable experience. Immigrants’ culture values and lifestyleincreased the discrimination levels in the region. Therefore, tosupport integrative society, global leaders and policy makers need tounderstand the significant of cultural and social diversity indifferent communities. Despitethe fact that the Chinese specialists executed the majority of thehardest, dirtiest, and most hazardous employments, they were justpaid peanuts of what European foreigner laborers received The Chinesespecialist`s boycotted work and requested that they get compensatedan indistinguishable sum from the other ethnic gatherings.Authorities of the Central Pacific could end the boycott and drivethe Chinese specialist`s resume work by removing their nourishmentstream and starving them into accommodation.
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