Contrastthe type of information you gained from examining the two differentresearch method in the articles selected.
In research, there are qualitative and quantitative methods that areused in various fields of study and are used to gain information tobe used to find solutions. Qualitative analysis is usually based oninterviews and observation in the search for solutions. It relies onthe selection of particular participants that are used to giveinformation. Quantitative research is mainly based on the use ofsurveys and experiments to gain information. It is mostly astatistical method and uses statistical techniques to come up withits solution. In the article by Centers for Disease Control andPrevention, a lesson is given on the stages that a disease outbreakgoes through before it is declared an epidemic or a pandemic (Centersfor Disease Control and Prevention, 2012).
When an outbreak occurs, it needs to be classified in the manner ofspread in the population. With this, sees groupings like commonsource, propagated, mixed among others. With these clusters and studyto see the number of infected persons, calls for isolation of theinfected individuals. This as a whole is both quantitative andqualitative methods in place. Isolation and interviewing the sick isa qualitative method aimed at isolating the origin of the disease.Screening of illness and remedial measures after isolation isqualitative. This brings out the fact that the two approachescomplement each other and work hand in hand in achieving the intendedpurpose. This is seen in the case of Ebola outbreaks in Liberia andother parts of Africa and how well it was managed applying bothqualitative and quantitative methods (Centers for Disease Control andPrevention, 2012).
Generaladvantages/ disadvantages of the two research approaches featured inthe articles. Use examples from the items for support
One advantage of the qualitative method is that the researcher gainsmore insightful and productive data inform of description and visualdata. This is important as is seen in epidemic control as thisprovides the initial information about the disease as the doctors’work towards managing it. This analysis also gives the secondadvantage of the qualitative method which is its usefulness duringthe early stages of research where the researcher may be unsure ofwhat to accurately study. Disadvantages of the method are that it istime-consuming and takes the time to be concluded. It is alsodisadvantageous given that it is biased and subjective based on theresearcher doing the research. This is seen in epidemics like Ebolawhere the doctors interpret the symptoms and diagnosis as they see it(Jones, 2017).
Qualitative methods are advantageous in that data is analyzed by theresearcher. The researcher looks at the relationship between thedependent and independent variables in solving a problem. In thearticles above, isolation of infected persons helps in comparing thedependent and independent variables. This is objective given that theresearcher ventures into the research with an open mind. The standarddisadvantage of qualitative analysis is that it does not study factsin their natural setting. Mostly with isolation of patients, thepatients are set up in new environments that do not portray the agentof transmission. This consumes time given that the doctors are forcedto go back to their set up and try to establish problems like agentsof transmission.
Responseto the claim that qualitative research is not real science
There has been a lot of argument towards the fact that qualitativeresearch is not seen as scientific. This argument comes from theschool of thought that shows qualitative methods rely also oninterviews and observation as a way of finding facts. This is seen asstatistical given scientists believe in experiments as a way ofdeducing facts about a given problem. This argument is false giventhat every scientific procedure starts with the mere procedure ofobservation. Looking at the problem, its origin, the area it hasaffected, the people it will affect and the measures to put in place.Experiments come in place to verify the facts about the case and tostrengthen or weaken the planned actions. Therefore it should beconcluded that research method is at the core of science and thusreal science.
Highlightthe general insights that both qualitative and quantitative studiescan provide to researchers.
The two methods of research can provide insight to researchers byshowing them how the different parts of a study are integratedtowards finding a given solution. Researchers can learn from thismethod given the various stages that the research methods use toscrutinize their data in the search for a solution. The twoapproaches are also keen on quality and not quantity, and a smallsample group is enough to provide insight into what a researcher isstudying. The methods also have standardized procedures of how tocarry their research, and thus any researcher is in a position tounderstand their counterparts study. This is lacking in most researchespecially in the medical field where research is usuallypersonalized and the facts hidden from other colleagues. Thisteamwork can well be seen in the way Nigeria and Liberia fought andwon the war against the spread of Ebola (Ogunsola, 2015).
Centersfor Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, 05 18). Principlesof Epidemiology in Public Health Practice,Third Edition. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control andPrevention:https://www.cdc.gov/ophss/csels/dsepd/ss1978/lesson1/section11.html
Jones,C. (2017, 01 01). QuantitativeResearch.Retrieved from People of Our Daily Lives:peopleof.oureverydaylife.com/advantages-disadvantages-qualitative-quantitative-research-6184.html
Ogunsola,F. (2015, 05 13). HowNigeria Beat the Ebola Virus in 3 Months.Retrieved from The Conversation:theconversation.com/how-nigeria-beat-the-ebola-virus-in-three-months-41372
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