Ethics and Morality
Theadvancement of health care has introduced into the medical fieldprocedures that raise many moral and ethical issues. Organ transplanthas become more popular in the recent past. The method depends mainlyon organ donation. Humans allow doctors to remove organs from theirbodies through signed consent when they are alive. However, the nextof kin of the deceased can also permit doctors to extract specificparts after an individual has passed on. The commonly transplantedorgans include kidneys, lungs, bones, heart, and bone marrow.Ordinarily, organ transplants raise many moral and ethical questionson both the donor and the recipient. Some people believe money cansolve the problem. Complications arise when donors request payment tooffer organs to desperate patients. The process of organ donation inexchange for money violates moral and ethical values hence,introducing a compensation system to entice the donors would not helpin solving the shortage permanently.
TheAmerican transplant system depicts a life-threatening organ shortage.In the United States, there are more than 66,000 people stranded onthe national waiting list for a kidney donation (Postrel para. 3). The figure is ten times higher than the number of kidneys donatedfrom deceased donors annually. It is extremely hard to get kidneyowners who are willing to give their organs when they are stillalive. The majority sign to donate their parts after their death.Patients have their hopes depending on the place they are on thelist. With their conditions progressively getting worse, theindividuals spend much of their time hooked to dialysis machines(Postrel para. 4). With the emergence of many private health careproviders, patients who can raise the highest amount of money get thepriority.
Ourculture and laws discourage healthy people from giving their organshence, increasing the patients` worries. Many times, health providersthink that donors have mental illness as opposed to being motivatedby ethical and moral convictions. When it comes to healthyindividuals giving their organs to strangers, the scrutiny tends tobe nasty because it is hard to find an unknown individual mindingabout others who they got to learn via press coverage and internetsites (Postrel para. 6). The moral and ethical aspect applies toboth the donor as well as the health institutions in question.Morally, it is a requirement that people get to help one another whenthey are in trouble. It would be ethically wrong to find a friend inneed of a kidney, and you do not help. Many times, donors request formoney so that they can accept the offer. Mostly, the patients withthe highest amount end up getting these organs. However, mosttransplant centers vehemently refuse directed donations to specifiedstrangers (Postrel para. 10). The action is based on the fact thatthere is no patient who is more special than the other. On thecontrary, donations are offered purely based on the merit of thetransplant list. It is not fair for clients to jump the line withpersonal initiative and attractive story (Postrel para. 13). Withoutmore willing donors, many clients on that long list are going to dieeven before their turn comes. The top priority of the transplantsystem should be to increase the supply of potential donors.
Thenotion that says if you need transplant donors- `pay them` is notonly ethically and morally wrong, but also goes against theconventional standards of first come first served. When it comes totransplant issues, the mostly used law to increase the supply of ascarce commodity of paying more should be outlawed. Legalizingfinancial incentives will serve to encourage many people to offertheir organs (Postrel para. 14). However, there might still be ashortage of donors because many of them fear that their health mightdeteriorate in the process. The conventional thinking is that payingdonors should not suppress the poor. Therefore, the transplant sectorhas come up with specific standards that are anchored on morals andethics. No human being deserves to live more than the other (Postrelpara. 15).
Religiousand cultural beliefs also influence the organ transplant sector. Somereligions do not allow members of their convictions to receive anyorgan transplant from another person in any circumstance.Nevertheless, when it comes to life, people are willing to abandontheir religious, moral, ethical and cultural convictions. Patientsshould instead develop virtues that will enable them to accept theirfate and be willing to wait on the line regardless of the socialstatus that they hold in the society. Most importantly, paying thedonors cannot help solve the organ crisis that is prevailing in theUnited States. It is necessary to increase donor list while observingthe standard procedures (Postrel para. 16).
Inconclusion, organ transplant is a big crisis in the United States. Due to the long list, the affected patients are unwilling to wait fortheir turn. Money plays a dirty role in the organ transplant sectoras it emphasizes on giving priority to those that can pay the highestamount. It is thus morally and ethically wrong to offer money as itnegates the core values of equity.
Postrel,Virginia. "Need Transplant Donors? Pay them." LosAngeles Times, June10, 2006.articles.latimes.com/2006/jun/10/opinion/oe-postrel10. April 10,2017.
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