In an argument, people take different views concerning a givensubject. However, some of the claims made by the arguers may not makerelevance to the discussion. The faulty analogy fallacy is a form offlawed thinking (Aberdein 413). Inconsistencies appear in differentforms in any discussion. The paper will discuss faulty analogy as atype of fallacy.
In faultyanalogy fallacy, the arguer assumes that since two items have someareas of similarities, then any comparison in any respect is correct.In other words, if something is good in some respect, then it must beso for all others (Aberdein 416). In reality, that is not the case.For example, consider a situation where a medical student assumesthat since a doctor is allowed to do research when they face adifficult patient case, medical students confronted with a hard examshould be given access to study materials (Aberdein 419). Though thetwo cases involve medicine, the outcomes are different. The physicianis researching to help save the life of a patient, while the medicalstudent is being assessed for level of knowledge and skills forgrading.
Consider anotherexample, people who take coffee every morning before going to workare no different from alcoholics who drink alcohol daily forsustenance. The focus in this analogy is the addiction. The arguerequates the effect of the alcohol on the body to those of coffee.Obviously, the outcomes of drinking alcohol are different from thoseof coffee. For instance, coffee improves the alertness, which is safeat the workplace, while alcohol induces drowsiness, and disorderlybehaviors, which are undesirable (Aberdein 423). From the surface,the argument may look valid. However, on closer evaluation, onerealizes the comparison is wrong.
In conclusion,faulty analogies are an everyday occurrence. Politicians, pastors,comedians are always making these kinds of comparisons, and theysound totally normal. However, on close look, one cannot fail toidentify flaws in them.
Aberdein, Andrew."The vices of argument." Topoi 35.2(2016): 413-422.
No related posts.