HAZARD ASSESSMENT 4
PersonalProtective Equipment is a critical element in any safety program ofall organizations. Wearing PPE in the workplace reduces the risk ofaccidents. It is sometimes difficult to convince employees to wearPPEs in the proper manner, or most of them may not know how to selectand wear them correctly. They perceive it to be cumbersome since theyhave to put it on and off for a number of times during the workinghours. Convincing employees feel comfortable wearing PPE can be achallenging task for safety and healthcare professionals (Goetsch,2011). One of the sectors where employees are exposed to risks is thewelding workshop. The people exposed to hazard are not only thewelders but also all visitors to that particular workshop.
Weldingoperations are associated with intense light and noise which can leadto severe or permanent eye and ear damage if the operators do notwear the right PPE. The intensity of light or the radiant energy thatis produced during welding, cutting or brazing operations usuallyvary based on different factors such as the task generating thelight, the size of electrode and the current of the arc (OSHA, n.d.). Examples of PPE for welding operations in general industry ofshipbuilding include hard hats or helmets, hearing protections suchas ear muffs and ear plugs, approved goggles, leather coat, apron, anapproved type of gloves, work boots with a metal cap, and otherequipment necessary (OSHA, n.d). It’s a requirement for allvisitors in the workshop to have safety boots and ear and eyeprotective equipment to avoid risks of getting injured by pieces ofmetals that might be present on the floor or those coming out of thewelds.
Accordingto O`Connor, Flynn, Weinstock & Zanoni (2014), a comprehensiveoccupational health and safety program should include information onthe rights of the target group as outlined by the Occupational Safetyand Health Act (OSHA). At the beginning of the training, allemployees will be educated on their rights and responsibilities whileexecuting their daily duties in their various workplaces. Afterunderstanding their roles and responsibilities in maintaining safety,handouts that contain the details and content of the training can begiven to all employees prior to the day of training so that they canfamiliarize themselves.
Oneof the critical areas of the training will be trained on why PPE isnecessary. This is meant to give the employees an understanding ofwhy they should always wear PPE in the workplace. The employees willbe trained on when they are supposed to wear PPE. Understandinginstances on when to wear PPE is not enough if the employees are notaware of what to wear and why. The training will, therefore, cover anarea of selection of the right equipment and proper handling, care,maintenance, and disposal of PPE.
Thetraining will involve demonstrations on how employees are supposed tohandle PPE to ensure that they understand how to use them properly.For future reference and use, the training will be documented tocapture all the trained employees and their areas of work and thedate. To determine the effectiveness of the training, tests will beprovided at the end, and then, accidents reports will be documentedfor a particular period to check whether the incidences have reduced.All employees who seem to lack knowledge on how to handle PPE will beretrained. In case new operations are introduced to the workshop,another training will be conducted.
Employees’safety and health should be a priority for all organizations. Peopleare exposed to different hazards in various workplaces. It isessential for all employees to have knowledge on the proper use ofPPE as this will significantly reduce the number of accidents.Organizations should conduct training that matches the needs of allemployees.
Goetsch,D. L. (2011). Occupational Safety and Health for Technologists,Engineers, and Managers.
O`Connor,T., Flynn, M., Weinstock, D., & Zanoni, J. (2014). Occupationalsafety and health education and training for underserved populations.NEWSOLUTIONS: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy,24(1),83-106.
OSHA(n.d). Personal Protective Equipment. Retrieved fromhttps://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3151.pdf
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