HEPATITIS B 4
Healthcare institutions, to prevent as well as control in ahospital setting can use various measures. For example, infectedhealth workers need to adhere to the requirements of theirprofessional board. For instance, infected workers should be given aday off in an attempt to prevent infection of the disease to otherhealth care workers or patients (Lewis, et al. 2015). As well, alldonated organs and blood in a health care setting need to be properlyscreened for evidence of infection. Through screening ofthe donated blood and organs, transmission of iscontrolled as infected blood will not be transfused or infected organwill not be transplanted with Infection.
Besides,in a health care setting, the doctors and nurses need to be extracareful not to share injecting equipment between patients of and other patients. Syringes and other injectingequipment need to be disposed of immediately after attending to a patient to prevent a mix up of the equipment (Lewis, etal. 2015). Also, in case nurses or doctors are required to handlebody fluids or blood, they should observe the routine use of standardprecautions to reduce the risk of the transmission of the virus thatcauses .
Onanother note, patients are it health care workers or anyother person at the hospital can be vaccinated by the vaccine IM at 0.1 and six months after the infection. In fact, thevaccine needs to be administered together with the HBIg though atdifferent places. For infected individuals in hospitals, suchpatients need to be tested for anti-HBsAg roughly 1 to 2 months afterthe last dose of the vaccine. Moreover, in a hospital setting,whenever Immunoglobulin is detected, it needs to bequickly administered after the exposure. In most cases, it isrecommended that once the infection is indicated, it should beadministered within 24 hours going up to 1 week after an occupationalexposure (Signh, 2012).
Despitegreat efforts by the government and everyone collectively to preventand control the spread of , some setbacks and challengescome into play in the developing world. For example, there is noroutine screening for high-risk health care workers(Anonymous, 2013). It is negligence from both the health care workersand the doctors or nurses looking after them as they think thatroutine screening is strenuous or may not be necessary. Besides, indeveloping countries, there is no flexible premarital health care tothe vaccine or immunize pregnant mothers or infants from contractingthe disease.
Onthe same note, there is no clear guidance concerning immunization for parents or patients living in rural areas in thedeveloping world. As well, there is no enough public awarenessregarding health care education for both healthcare workers andpatients. Living without full knowledge of the dangers or existenceof is unsafe most health care workers do not have anyidea when they are infected with the virus (Anonymous,2013). This implies that there instances when a health care centerexperiences a high in-flow of patients suffering from butfails to create enough public awareness of the disease to itspatients or other health care workers.
Anonymous.(2013). Hepatitis:New Insights for the Healthcare Professionals: 2013 Edition. USA:Scholarly Editions Publishers.
Lewis,J, D et al. (2015). HepatitisB in Healthcare Workers: Transmission events and Guidance forManagement.7(3): 488–497. Doi: 10.4254/wjh.v7.i3.488.PMC PMC4381171.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4381171/. Retrieved on 4thApril 2017.
Singh,G. (2012). HospitalInfection Control Guidelines: Principlesand Practice. USA: Jaypee Brothers Publishers.
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