History, Politics, and Development
History,Politics, and Development
Impactof Third-Worldism on development theory
Theterm, Third-Worldism,is a political formula and a doctrine that was developed between the1940s and 1950s to try to generate togetherness among states that didnot participate either with the United States or with the SovietUnion(Berger & Weber, 2014).The spear headers of the Third Worldism believed that north, southdivisions and violence were the fundamental political significance asrelated to east-west defiance of the cold war period. The countrieswith colonial elements included Africa, Asia, Latin America, andOceania. Later the Third Worldism was connected with decolonization,industrialization, globalization, rural development, democracy, tradepolicies, urbanization, and economy, the emergence of new political,regional, and social movements. On the other hand, development theoryis termed as a collective goal of philosophies concerning the waydesirable changes in the community is best attained(Berger& Weber, 2014).Depending on the opinion of the study, there is a variety ofexplanations to the procedure of development and their unfairness.Studies have revealed that Third-Worldismcontributed profoundly to the development among the third worldnations through changing peoples` social behaviors, political standsand stabilizing their economies. The current paper focuses on theassessment of the impacts of the Third-Worldismon development philosophies.
Thenotion of Third-Worldismindicates its usefulness in bringing about diversity in politicalenvironments over the years. It also initiated the commitment tomodernize and develop the third world as an international policypower that gave a great velocity to some nationalist to come up withboth the effects to end colonialism and convert the post-colonialpolitical order across the world(Hurrell, 2013).
These factors indicated that third-world states had a political voice in the outer world and aimed at influencing the direction of both political and social changes.
Justifications have been looked upon by the growth and development of specialist knowledge of member states incorporation with increasing political differentiation among the countries (Gilley, 2015).
TheThird-Worldismacted as an important tool in the facilitation of decolonizationamong countries. A political initiative was formed to serve as asignificant boost to decolonization and the initial portion of thecold war that attempted to propagate the inherent inequality issuesthat formed the foundation of colonialism (Kalter and Dunlap, 2016).
The initiative was an open target to the world politics and the relations at international level with an objective of inaugurating principles in the shift of power-relations considered in the previous era.
During the colonialism battle, people from the third world dreamt of a change and longed for their formality (Mark and Apor, 2015).
They pooled their demands and aspirations into diverse organizations where their leaders formed a platform for grievances.
ThroughThirdWorldism,trade policies and agreements were formulated to enable nations tonegotiate trade deals. This trade groups jointly insisted on economicreforms in the entire world market. They advocated for stabilizationand promotion of basic commodity prices, which opened the market forlocal manufacturers and increased financial continuity from thedeveloped countries(Faundez, 2015).
The formation of UNCTAD gained a reasonable influence on World Bank and focused on poverty eradication and improvement on quality of life beside merely concerning on the income measures (Faundez, 2015). With time, planners saw the importance to invest in primary needs including health and education.
The World Bank continued lending money to improve infrastructures, funding poverty elevations projects such as rural development and invested in agriculture for food security (Alburquerque, 2013).
Theformation of the Newly Industrializing Countries (NIC) occurred as aresult of Third Worldism effects that aimed at ensuring globaldevelopment. The role of the NIC initiative entailed improving thewelfare of the people through the provision of improved livingstandards as well as facilitation of growth in the strategiesemployed across the world (Bergerand Weber, 2014).
The organization cornered the huge private and foreign investments, and they concentrated on the development of export production equipment in textile and electronic sectors. The body shared the manufactured exports and controlled the emergence of industries among the member states (Solarz, 2014).
The level of industrialization across the third world differed between the nations and regions. In 1975, the GDP of the manufacturing portion of 5, 16 and 2.5 percent from Africa, Asia, and Latin America respectively (Burilkov and Geise, 2013).
TheThird-Worldismled to the development of globalization through strengthening theneed for culture authenticity and considered mimicry together withsubmission as a fraudulent and inauthentic style of existence(Mark & Apor, 2015).
The social scientists argued that people from third-world states needed to create their independent cultures and criticize the use of documented materials about their way of life as written by their colonizers (Mark & Apor, 2015).
On the contrary, shifts in globalization and modernization reduced the rhetoric and the original movements through customs that brought about varying effects and experiences (Berger and Weber, 2014).
The enlargement of financial markets and the development of information technologies require knowledge intensification.
Theprocess of rural-urban migration intensified during the introductionof the Third-Worldismdue to the industrialization and labor distribution in manufacturingindustries(Gilley, 2015).
States within the third world do represent the actual traditional or natural economy since they were initiated by the global economic powers. Most of those nations were incorporated in the enlarging global economy via the outward liftoff highly growing economy (Lumumba-Kasongo, 2015).
People were attracted to urban areas by the domination of primary product such as food, raw materials, and wide ratio markets together with the consistency available imports of goods and services (Lumumba-Kasongo, 2015).
Thefacts regarding Third-Worldismindicate the fact that it has significantly contributed to thedevelopment and growth of most states across the world. This growthmay be attributed to the effects obtained from collaboration ofactivities such as international trade, health organization andindustrialization across states in different parts of the world.These activities accentuate the fact that Third-Worldism broughtabout positive effects to the most nations through boosting theirproductivity and relevance globally.
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Mark, J.,& Apor, P. (2015). Socialism Goes Global: Decolonization andthe Making of a New Culture of Internationalism in Socialist Hungary,1956–1989. TheJournal of Modern History, 87(4),852-891. Doi: 10.1086/683608
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