Differentpsychologists have developed theories that try to explain humandevelopment. Even though all these theories aim at establishing howpeople grow from the cradle to the grave, they differ on theprocesses responsible for their transformation (Green &Piel,2015). Human development refers to the physical, intelligence, socialand emotional changes human beings go through from birth to maturity.
Natureplays a significant role in an individual`s development. My parentsrecorded videos of my development as a child through my nanny camera.Watching those videos has provided me with significant insight of mygrowth and development process. From birth to year one, I learned howto trust. My mother quit her job and stayed at home to nurse me thismade me develop a relationship and attachmentto her. She was the only person who could calm me down as a baby. AsI grew from between one to three years, I started developing somephysical independence. I could move around, during this sensorimotorstage, I heavily relied on my basic senses and movement to help meunderstand my environment.
Betweenthree to six years, my brain was developed since I could set goalsand work towards achieving them. I used imagination to transform mysurrounding, a feature that showed my development was progressingsuccessfully. My parents also aided my cognitive development. Theyunknowingly applied Vygotsky’stheory of cognitive developmentthrough helping complete simple tasks which helped develop my brain.During this stage, I heavily relied on assimilationto learn the new things I was always meeting in my environment andaccommodationto introduce them as part of the information in my brain. Forinstance, when presented with a plastic green apple I would firstrelate it to the real apple I had already seen in my environment. Iwould then try to eat it then realize it is not edible andaccommodate the information in my memory for future use. Throughconstant repeat of the process of meeting and learning new things, atthe age of six, I was able to understand a substantial part of myenvironment.
Duringmy school years, between six to twelve years, I was able to sethigher goals and was very impressed whenever I succeeded in achievingthem. During this stage, I developed self-confidence since the peoplearound me were encouraging even if I failed to achieve personalgoals. Adults who were not encouraged at this stage in life oftengrow up feeling inferior to their peers. Therefore even though theenvironment may not play a significant role in physical development,it does in social and emotional development.
WhenI became 13 years, adolescencestarted setting in, the physical changes to my body as I progressedthrough pubertyfrightened me. However, with the help from parents and knowledgeacquired from school, I comfortably adjusted and embraced my newimage. Acceptance paved a clear way for a smooth transition frompuberty to young adulthood. I started developing more intimaterelationships and cared a lot for people around me than I did in theearlier stages of development. According to Green &Piel (2015),individuals who are not able to develop intimate relationships duringthis stage of development become isolated and can easily suffer fromdepression. According to Erickson’s theory of psychosocialdevelopment, such individuals would have a difficult time transitinginto young adulthood after puberty since they did not successfullypass through puberty (Chapman,2012).
Inconclusion, human development is an interesting topic the theoriesadvanced to explain the process present varied arguments about theprocess. However, I believe development is a natural process and theenvironmental factors that affect human development just serve astriggers to the genetic information that is already present in thebody.
Green,M. G., &Piel, J. A. (2015). Theoriesof human development: A comparative approach.Psychology Press.
Chapman,A. (2012). Erikson’s psychosocial development theory.BusinessBalls.com.
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