Immigration Issue in Texas
ImmigrationIssue in Texas
Statementof the Current Policy
Texashas faced a myriad of policy issues in the recent past. Of the manyissues experienced, immigration is one that has acted to thedetriment of Texas. As of 2009, it is estimated that the number ofillegal and undocumented immigrants were over 1.5 million. Primarily,more than 60% of the immigrants in Texas are from Mexico. The issuehas been a major concern to the state of Texas since no major stepshave been taken to curtail the number of immigrants that transferfrom the neighboring countries. The issue has taken a toll order tothe authorities in Texas to the extent that undocumented parents tothe newly born children have decided to sue the state. This has beennecessitated by the failure of Texas to give them birth certificates.
Theinflux of immigrants into the state of Texas have a seriousramification on the economic well-being of the people, and thegovernment has to find a long-lasting solution within the shortesttime possible. Coates explained that Immigration has affected theamount of wages of the Native Americans (143). On the other hand, thewages paid to the immigrants remains the same, leading tounprecedented economic inequality. It has also acted against thestandards of living for the locals who due to poor access to inherentservices as a result of pressure immigrants have brought about inTexas. Essentially, immigration into the state of Texas has led to anincrease in the rate of crime, some which have been perpetuated bythe immigrants themselves. However, under the federal law, illegalimmigrants are barred from receiving most of the benefits, apart fromservices that are critical to life protection and safety.
Reasonsfor Initiating Changes
ToMinimize Terrorism Threats
Thepolicies on immigration in the state of Texas would be paramount inreducing incidences of terror attacks in the country. Borders serveas entry points for immigrant extremists, and other criminals thatpose a serious threat to the security of the United States (O`Leary324). Terrorists tend to believe that attacks from within the countryare more achievable than attacks from outside. Therefore, they aremore likely to take advantage of poor immigration policies. Thegovernment must bring about changes in the immigration policy of thestate of Texas so that the safety of Americans can be guaranteedthrough deterrence of mass entry of immigrants in the country.
ToProtect the Culture of the U.S
Theimmigration policies in Texas have had serious effects on the cultureof the country since majority of immigrants bring in their values andinfluence the Native Americans. Learning from other cultures can havea positive impact on the people, but when taken to the extremes itcan erode the intrinsic values that the country has cultivated forlong. Furthermore, the state of Texas would become more fragmentedwith the cultural and social influence of the immigrants. Therefore,it is critical for the government to look into the issue and make thenecessary changes.
ToReduce the Country`s Economic Burden
Barkanexplained that Immigrants are essential to the economy in the sensethat they offer cheap labor to various industries (47). They alsooffer employment to the local`s through business ventures they engagein. However, to some extent, illegal immigrants pose a serious threatto the economy of Texas when they depend on the government for theirsurvival. Inconsiderate immigrant laws that allow an influx ofimmigrants into the country would make it impossible for the state toaccommodate and provide them with the basic needs. This would pose athreat to the economy, since the competition for available resourceswould escalate to colossal levels.
1.Improving Work Visa Program
Thefact that the country cannot entirely do away with immigrants, itwould be effective to deter illegal immigrants from getting into thecountry through borders. The immigrant`s entry system in the state ofTexas has not been sufficiently enhanced to prevent them from gettingin. The government should ensure that the passports and visas areauthentic to minimize issues of fraud among the immigrants (Carens123). This would help maintain proper records of all immigrants.
Improvingthe work visa program for immigrants would ensure that the governmentprevents immigrants from overstaying in the country. Once they aretracked by the government, it would virtually be easy to determinewhen their documentations expires and decide to renew or confiscatethem forthwith.
Thegovernment would also do a thorough check to analyze the backgroundof a person and determine if they are a threat to the nationalsecurity. Moreover, visas would enable the government to track downimmigrants who engage in illegal and unethical practices.
Theprocess of ensuring that the immigrants have authentic visas would betoo expensive and time consuming for the government. It wouldnecessitate the government to hire more people to track downimmigrants with expired and forged visas. This would make itimpossible for the relevant government authorities to ascertain thatthe immigrants in the country are legal.
2.Strengthening Border Security
Deployingheavy security in the borders is an effective way of minimizingillegal entry of immigrants. The U.S. government should be steadfastin ensuring that the border between Texas and other nations,especially Mexico have are adequately protected to ensure that theimmigrants don`t sneak weapons and drugs into the country. Moreguards and technologically advanced security items would serve atremendous purpose of preventing illegal entry of immigrants
Bordersecurity along the border would ensure that the country iswell-prepared to handle the menace of illegal immigrants. The suretyof the country would go a notch higher since most of the immigrantswould be deterred.
Anintegrated border security would also ease the work of the governmentin conducting immigrants` verification once they have entered thecountry. As such, the government would keep a track record of everysingle immigrant without discriminating them.
Thereis a high tendency for security officers to discriminate againstillegal immigrants in disguise of securing the borders. Most of themwould suffer and succumb to mistreatment, as a result of unethicalofficers.
Issuesof corruption and bribery might also escalate along the borders,leading to the entry of illegal and dangerous people in the country.As a result, the internal security of the country would be underintense threat from the immigrants.
Thegovernment should authenticate identification for all immigrants toensure that they are in the country legally and are allowed totransact any business without discrimination. All the documentsshould be issued by the government to ascertain that the immigrantsuse them for the right purposes. Such documents should meet thenational standards and be given only to the legal immigrants in thestate of Texas. This should be in tandem with the Intelligence Reformand Terrorism Act of 2004. The move would be fundamental in enhancingprotection of immigrants, and prevent the entry of illegal peopleinto the country. Moreover, such action would ascertain that theimmigrants working and living in Texas are those who have beenverified to live in the country. Hence, no more illegal entry wouldtake place the state of Texas. A consistent follow up by thegovernment should be enhanced to ensure that the immigrants do notdisregard the law.
Barkan,Elliott Robert. Immigrantsin American history: Arrival, adaptation, and integration.Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2013.
Carens,Joseph H. Theethics of immigration.New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Coates,David. TheOxford Companion to American politics.New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
O`Leary,Anna Ochoa. Undocumentedimmigrants in the United States: An encyclopedia of their experience.Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood, 2014.
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