Infectious Disease Activity ZIKA Write Up
InfectiousDisease Activity: ZIKA Write Up
Ihave learned that Zika virus is a disease that is spread bymosquitoes and therefore can be spread rapidly in a largegeographical region. Zika is associated with birth defects in newbornbabies but does not cause hospitalization or is it a severe disease.It rarely leads to death, but it has mild symptoms that last forabout 3 to 7 days. The symptoms include red eyes (conjunctivitis),rash, and fever and muscle/joint pain (Shah, 2016). Currently, thereis no vaccine for the virus, and it affects all age groups. I havealso been discovered that the disease can be sexually transmittedwith high chances in pregnant women. I have also learned that theZika situation continues to evolve and therefore the need forresources and funding in fighting the disease. The fact that 98% ofHCPHES Mosquito control activities are locally funded is a challengeto the fight against the virus.
Thelearning about Zika changes my practice as a nurse. It is because Ihave to be on the lookout for any of these symptoms in my dailycontact with patients and assist them accordingly. I have alsodeveloped an urge to educate the population I work with so that wecan detect the disease early and ensure it is in control. Lack of thedisease vaccine makes it difficult to prevent the spread of thedisease other than providing the information about it and lettingpeople be on the watch out. My practice as a nurse is challenged bythe fact that the disease affects all age groups and worse pregnantwomen (Shah, 2016). Pregnant women are considered the bearers of ourfuture, and therefore it is my duty to protect them and provide thenecessary support to prevent possible infection. It is also my dutyto report to the relevant authorities any cases that I might comeacross during my work as a nurse.
Mypersonal health habit and my family changes because I have to ensurethat the pets we keep at home are not infected with the virus. I haveto also educate my family about the disease and tell them to becareful and keep a healthy environment that does not allow thebreeding the mosquitoes. I would ensure that we remove debris fromrain gutters and also dispose of empty containers that can holdwater, therefore, providing a breeding ground for mosquitoes (Shah,2016). I would urge my family to wear insect repellents, long pants,long sleeve shirts, and socks. Keeping a clean home free ofmosquitoes will ensure I maintain a healthy family.
Itis important to share the information with other health careprofessionals so as to prevent its transmission and infections in thefollowing ways: encourage surveillance and testing to discoveralternative transmission modes and collect data for locally acquiredlike and travel-related cases. Monitor the clinical outcomes ofinfected pregnant women and its relation to any severe disease cases. Disseminate information through Health Alert Network (HAN) thusallowing constant update with local health care professionals andhospitals on updated clinical guidelines or specimens concerning theZika disease. Consult the veterinary professionals to help inproviding information concerning the virus and the pets or domesticanimals we keep at home (Shah, 2016). Conduct any outreach in thehighly affected areas providing education on presentation of theillness. To enable them to train and form a multi-disciplinary teamto help fight the disease.
Shah, U. A.(2016, May 6). Responding to Zika: A Local Texas Public HealthPerspective. Retrieved from www.hcphes.prg
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