Information Systems in Nursing
INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN NURSING 1
In the current healthcare system, information technology is theunderpinning of the future. The modernization of the healthcare isbest pictured if we compare how we were some decades ago and where weare at present. The necessity for improvement was the motivationbehind the evolution of technology in healthcare. The major part ofthe past three decades of technological advancement was spent ondevelopment of applications for administrative purposes while therecent past of the decades has been seen as a focus on the clinicalprocesses. Patient care has become a key emphasis in the growth ofnew knowledge and concepts in healthcare technology. By usinginformation system technology, the nurses can track and measure datato improve patient outcomes (McBride, Delaney & Tietze 2012).This paper will discuss how the use of Electronic health recordssystem helps in improving patient outcomes.
The exchange of data plays an important role in the delivery of careacross all phases, comprising the patient, healthcare providers,organization, as well as the surrounding politico-economicenvironment. In providing effective diagnosis and treatment,individual health workers and teams must have access to not less thanthree vital categories of data: the health information of thepatient, the highly dynamic medical evidence base, and the orders ofthe provider guiding the patient care process. Also, they requireinformation on patient preferences, values, and other relevantadministrative information (Gerrish & Lacey, 2013). Electronichealthcare records (EHRs) enable the healthcare providers to accessthese types of information.
When health workers have unlimited access to broad and preciseinformation, the patients get a healthier medical care. EHRs improvesthe ability to diagnose medical conditions and decrease, or evenavoid, medical errors, leading to improved patient outcomes.According to a national survey, 94.8% of health workers report thattheir electronic medical records system makes information readilyaccessible at the point of care, while 79.9% report that their systemproduces clinical benefits for the practice. 76% of the workers saythat their system enables them to deliver better care (Al-Rawajfah,Aloush,& Hewitt 2014). With EHRs, have reliable access to thecomplete information about the health of a patient. This broadpicture can assist them to diagnose problems of the patient sooner.
EHRs can diminish errors, improve the safety of the patients, andsustain better patient results. This is because, for one, the systemnot only transmit or have information but also compute it thus theymanage information in ways that are meaningful to the patients. Forinstance, an excellent HER system keeps records of allergies ormedications, but also automatically scans for problems that may arisewhen new suppository is given to the wrong patient. The informationcollected and recorded by a primary care provider in an EHR informsthe doctors in the emergency rooms about life-threatening conditionsof a patient, and the emergency team can modify care suitably, evenif the patient is unconscious. EHRs can also reveal possible problemsbefore they occur, assisting providers to evade more seriousaftermaths for patients resulting in better patient results. EHRs canalso assist health workers to swiftly and analytically identify andcorrect operative problems, which could be very hard to detect andcorrect in a paper setting.
EHRs are important because of the fact that the community benefits innumerous ways in terms of health among countless patients. Healthcaregivers using the electronic information of the whole populacehave a more in-depth knowledge of the patients they are serving.Hence, they are able to observe more evocatively at the necessitiesof clients who suffer from a particular disease, are currently undercertain medications, and those who are entitled to certain preventivemeasures. This particular function of the HER assists the nurses toidentify and work closely with their clients to manipulate exact riskfactors or a mixture of risk factors to improve patient care results.For example, they might desire to find out the number of hypertensivepatients having their blood pressure under control. This function ofthe EHR can also pinpoint patterns of possibly related adversarialevents and allow the care providers to notify the patients quickly(Campbell, 2013).
Although the adoption of electronic health records was initiallyslow, it has been moving faster for the past decade. Administrators,doctors, as well as nurses are welcoming the shift to the EHRssystem, and they feel that with the use of these computerized systemsmore valuable time can be assigned to the patients. Evidence showthat there is a relationship between innovative EHR system and lessercost, recruitment, improved patient outcomes (Cashin & Cook,2013). Stakeholders in healthcare should pursue to combine EHRssystems with good nursing informatics tools to make the most of thequality care, and to manage data and information.
In the current healthcare system, information technology is the corefactor that will determine the future developments. Information andits exchange are very critical to the delivery of care across allstages of the healthcare delivery system, comprising the patient,healthcare providers, organization, as well as the surroundingpolitico-economic environment. Electronic healthcare records (EHRs)enable the healthcare providers to access important types ofinformation. EHRs can diminish errors, improve the safety of thepatients, and sustain better patient results. Evidence show thatthere is a relationship between innovative EHR system and lessercost, recruitment, improved patient outcomes.
Al-Rawajfah, O. M., Aloush, S., & Hewitt, J. B. (2014). Use ofelectronic health-related datasets in nursing and health-relatedresearch. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 37(7), 952–983.
Campbell, R. J. (2013). Defining health informatics. Journal ofAHIMA, 84(2), 28–30, 32.
Cashin, A., & Cook, R. (Eds.). (2013). Evidence-based practicein nursing informatics: Concepts and applications. Hershey, PA:IGI Global.
Gerrish, K., & Lacey, A. (2013). Research process in nursing (6thed.). Somerset, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
McBride, S., Delaney, J., & Tietze, M. (2012). Health informationtechnology and nursing. American Journal of Nursing, 112(8),36–42.
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