Professionalcodes of ethics specific to electrical engineers
Thecodes of ethics are the rules that guide the behavior of workers in aprofession or organization to enable them keep focus on the primaryvalues. Electrical engineers involve in creation of betterelectronics [ CITATION NSP17 l 1033 ].The electronics influence the lives of all humanity and the safety ofhumanity should always come first. All electrical engineers musttherefore adhere to codes of ethics[CITATION Jon09 l 1033 ].The essay discusses the various codesof ethics as applied in the field of electrical engineering.
Thereare several codes of ethics that are applied in this field. Theyinclude the following [CITATION Mar05 l 1033 ]
Thismeans that when making decisions involving the health, safety andwell-being of the people the engineers should be ready to ownresponsibility. They should also inform as soon as possible about thethings that may cause harm to the people or to the generalsurroundings[ CITATION Tex16 l 2057 ].
Fair treatment of all persons.
Electricalengineers should not discriminate anyone on the basis of either skincolor, religious beliefs, gender, health conditions, age, place oforigin, sexual choices, gender expression or gender identity.
Theyshould apply and enhance technical competence. They should only dealwith technological tasks in their field, since that is where they arequalified in by training or experience. They should also disclose theunderlying limitations in their undertakings to the people they areworking for prior to the undertaking. If they sign a deal covering anentire project they should ensure that each segment of the project ishandled by qualified persons[ CITATION Pri13 l 2057 ].
Honesty and integrity.
Electricalengineers should be honest and considerate when reporting or makingstatement on the profession, by including all the necessaryinformation. If they are to make any technical opinion, it should bebased on facts. Statement on interested parties should be made byidentifying interested parties.They should never source forengineers from other employers by fraud.
Avoidance of deception.
Electricalengineers should not lie about their qualifications. They should notexaggerate their roles in a certain matter of the work given. Printedinformation for promotion purposes shall never lie about employers,employees, joint undertakings, or the achievements they have made.
Theyare also prohibited from offering, seeking for, or taking bribes,either directly or indirectly[CITATION Uff02 l 1033 ].
Electricalengineers should make, seek and take positive criticism of theirwork. This helps in showing that they can identify and correctmistakes and that they appreciate the effort of other professional inthe field. However they should give credit where it is due. Forinstance, whenever possible they shall give the name of the engineerwho may have come up with a particular design.
Electricalengineers should ensure that they do not cause injury to others,destroy their property, tarnish their names, or seek employmentthrough spiteful actions. For example they should never source forfavors in a way that might tarnish the reputation of the profession.
Professionalelectrical engineers should always strive to assist others as theyundertake their duties. They should also warn, remind and enforce theapplication of the codes of ethics by their colleagues.
Electricalengineers are supposed to advance their knowledge on technology. Theyought to be able to assess the usage and the likely implications ofnew technology.
Avoiding issues with conflicts of interest.
Eitherreal or thought conflicts of interest should be avoided as much aspossible. When they manifest the electrical engineers should tellthem to the people concerned. The electrical engineers should neveraccept double payment of the same project unless such information isfully revealed and accepted. They should also not accept anyconsideration from contractors because of specifying their product[ CITATION ASM12 l 2057 ].
Inconclusion, the chief aim of electrical engineers should always bethe welfare of the public. This is guided by the fact that theiractivities affect humanity as a whole. Where their practice violatesthis they should inform the authorities concerned.
Alberta, The Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists. "Guideline foe ethical Practice." APEGA February 2015.
ASME. "Code of Ethics of Engineers." SocietybPolicy Ethics 1 February 2012.
Canada, Engineers. "Code of Ethics." 31 March 2016.
Floyd, R. "Ethics for Engineers." IEEE Potentials 31 February 2012: 4-5.
NSPE.org. "The National Society of Proffessional Engineers." Code of Conduct (2017).
Prince Edward Island, The Association of Professional Engineers. "By-Laws and Code of Ethics." (2013).
University, Texas Tech. "Codes of Ethics." Murdough Center 2 November 2016.
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Houseof Representative in Rio Grande Valley
Thehouse of representative has 435 members. It is part of the Congress,being the lower house. Its members play a key role in passing andamending laws at the congressional districts. They are electedaccording to the size of the population, but each state must have arepresentative. The Rio Grande Valley simply called the Valley is inthe southern part of Texas. It is made up Cameron County, HidalgoCounty, Willacy County, and Starr County. The essay discusses thevarious roles that members of the House play in Rio Grande Valley
Themembers of the House of Representatives from Rio Grande Valleyinfluence the lives of the people who voted them in several ways.This is because they represent the views of the people who voted forthem[ CITATION Con11 l 2057 ].For example, the members have strived to improve the healthfacilities in the valley. On February 4th, 2013, the members from RioValley introduced a bill to the legislature proposing theestablishment of a new university, with a well-equipped medicalschool[ CITATION Ter13 l 2057 ].This was anticipated to change the education as well as the economicwell-being of Rio Grande Valley. It would consequently translate toenormous funding by the government. Families would benefit with goodeducation and better health care. The bill was successfully presentedand passed by the entire house, senate included, on 17th may 2013[ CITATION Bob13 l 2057 ].The school adopted the name, the University Of Texas Rio GrandeValley. It has been viewed by the UT system as one of the next bestdestinationfor medical education.
Also,the legislators want to improve law education in the Valley. They arepushing for the establishment of a new public law school in RioGrande Valley[ CITATION Her16 l 2057 ].McAllen refers to it as a year bringing renewed hope for the peopleof the Valley. This is more of necessity from the fact that otherareas of the state such as Houston and San Antonio have a law school.It will adequately cater for young professionals who cannot go toother regions of law education, because of financial reasons or otherprohibiting reasons. Its proposed locations are Cameron or HidalgoCounty. Martinez encourages any university intending to start a lawschool to do so since they already have the framework for it. Theonly challenge is sourcing for funds, which the bill intends to solveif it is adopted. In the same blood, D-Edinburg has also introduced abill to allow for distance learning at the University of Texas atAustin school of Law. This will apply for the first year course only.
Onanother instance, the house of representatives has also helped inreduction of tax remitted by working families. At the time of itsproposal, it was aimed at driving the economy to greater levels. Itrecognized the unique challenges experienced by rural communitiessuch as Rio Grande Valley. The tax relief meant availing more moneyfor investment which would consequently promote development andeconomic growth. The law for instances meant to provide property taxcredits for homeowners and $5 billion boosts to facilitate investmentin retail stores, restaurant establishment and boost localdevelopment. Henry Cuellar, the representative of District 28,expresses gladness for having participated in the enactment of thebill. He recalls having introduced H.R 4201 bill, which provideddonations of books. He had also led in the legislation of H.R 3758bill that recommended a tax relief on the teachers.
Also,Eddie Lucio III has overseen the passage of some laws that impactpositively on the people of the Valley. For instance, he has authoredbill such as the bill on Agriculture and livestock facilitating forthe availability of funds to establish grocery investment program.Also, the bill recommending consideration of student with lowerproficiency with English in assessment, the natural resources billamong others (Lucio).
TheUnited States contains 435 congressional districts. Each district issupposed to elect a representative to the United States House ofRepresentatives. My home district is District 34 of Texas, and myrepresentative is Filemon Vela. The congressman has served for twoterms since January 3, 2013. He was the first in district 34 whichwas created in 2012. Next election will be in 2018. The largestpopulation is made up of the Hispanics who are the largest minorityin the U.S. [ CITATION CNN17 l 2057 ].
District34 has 11 counties, which include: Bee County, Cameron County, DewittCounty, Goliad County, Gonzales County, Hidalgo County, Jim WellsCounty, Kenedyu County, Kleberg County, San Patricio County andWillacy County. The demographics of District 34 as percentages are:Hispanic-82.8%, white-15%, black-1.2%, Nayive American-0.1%,Asian-0.6%, Pacific Islander-0%, Other-0.1%, and multiple races-0.2%.The cities in District 34 include Agua Dulce, North San Pedro,Portland, Spring Gardens, Tierra Verde, Petronila, and others.
Filemonvela are an attorney, a graduate of the University Of Texas School OfLaw. He developed the desire to in serving the public as he practicedhis career and helped individuals seek justice. This expertise andservice gave him an upper hand in his election. He has continued tobuild his support among the citizens by depicting expertise invarious areas which have seen his appointment to various committees.He has pioneered the drafting of several bills, acts as an advocatefor immigrants’ rights, education programs, and healthcare centers.He is striving to create jobs, promoting the economic development ofTexas and cultivating peace and security to their neighbors[ CITATION Mon15 l 2057 ].Filemon Vela has set up an office in Rio Grande Valley located at SanBenito, Alice Brown Ville and Weslaco.
Amongthe important issues in Rio Grande Valley are education, health,immigration, border security, crime, flood, and water (M. Montoya).Filemon Vela has to a great extent put efforts to deal with thesechallenges. For instance, he introduced a bill proposing theestablishment of a university with a medical school in the Valley.This bill saw the establishment of the University of Texas Rio GrandeValley on 17th May 2013. Filemon has also defended the rights of theimmigrants, promoted various education programs, and even cultivatedfor peace with the neighbors.
FilemonVela has been of great significant to District 34. He played a vitalrole in the establishment of the University Of Texas Rio GrandeValley. He was among the framers of the farm bill setting agriculturepolicy and funding of the nutrition programs. He has stronglyadvocated education policies, immigrants’ rights, health care, jobcreation, development of the economy and cultivation of peace withthe neighbors.
Inconclusion, the members of the House of Representatives from RioGrande Valley have impacted positively and to a great extent, on thepeople who they represent. Some of their deeds benefit not only theValley but the entire Texas.
Bobby, G. "Texas House of Representatives." Rep. Guerra Successfully, presented Senate Bill 24 for Consideration to the Entire House 17 may 2013.
CNN library. "CNN." Hispanics in the US Fast Fact 1 April 2017.
Congress News. "Congress Base." U.S House of Representatives 8 July 2011.
Hernandez, P. "The Monitor." Valley Legislators File Bills asking for a Law School in the Area 24 November 2016.
Lucio, eddie. "Texas Legislature." Bills Authored/ Joint Authored 4 July 2017.
Montoya, L. "Congressman Filemon Vela." Full Biography 3 June 2015.
Montoya, M. "The Brownsville Herald." Health Issues also affect Rio Grande Valley Economy 16 December 2012.
Terry, C. "Texas House of Representatives." History is Made at Texas Capitol 04 February 2013.
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1.Briefly explain what is meant by “identity orientation.”
Identityorientation is defined as the relative significance that people giveto different identity attributes or characteristics when formingtheir self-definitions. 2.Whatthree types of identity are assessed by the Aspects of IdentityQuestionnaire (AIQ-IIIx)?
The things i own, my possessions
My popularity with other people
My attractiveness to other people.
3.Complete the AIQ-IIIx and indicate your mean score for each aspect ofidentity.
Personal identity orientation (PIO) = 42
social identity orientation (SIO) = 24
Collective identity orientation = 25
Special items were not scored
4.How are different identities related to other personality dimensions,attitudes, or behaviors? Cite at least three important researchfindings.Personalitydimensions can influence our identities or behavior in differentsituations. It reveals the way we think and act[CITATION Che162 l 1033 ].For instance
a.Neuroticism personality influences success in our career. In a 2009study Angelina R. Sutin and Paul T, “Personality and CareerSuccess” they discovered that the personal attributes ofneuroticism had the greatest effect influencing career success.Individuals possessing the right optimistic personalities arerewarded by being successful in their careers.
b.Extraversion influences the social traits. People who possess inhigher levels are quite social while those low in extroversion arequite reserved. Average persons are held between social situationsand loneliness. In a study by Onwuegbuzie and Jiao, extravertedstudent were found to be able to obtain more information on theirstudies. They highly consulted their teachers and classmates.
c.Openness influences traits such as creativity and insight. Peoplepossessing this are more adventurous and imaginative. Study by Costaand McCrae showed that open learners spend time and effort searchinginformation. Open people are inquisitive on knowledge.
d.Agreeableness influences trust, kindness, and affection. A personpossessing this is more cooperative, while those lacking it arecompetitive. Murray, Holmes, and Griffin (2000) confirms that peoplefeel more attached to their partners when they see their partnersrecognizes likeable qualities.
Cherry, K. "Psychology." The Big Five Personality Traits 15 july 2016.
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Discussthe interaction of nature and nurture in human development? Give anexample. Humandevelopment can be influenced by the interaction of nature andnurture. Nature is the character traits that an individual inheritsfrom his or her parents during the time of conception and carriesthem throughout one’s life. For example, human beings can inheritthe following character traits gender, tallness, the risk of certaindiseases like haemophilia and phenylketonuria and also the height.Therefore, nature influences inborn character traits that anindividual is born with and they reveal themselves in the process ofgrowth and development (Stephanie).
Nurturealso influences the human development when they are subjected tocertain environment factors. This involves several dimensions, whichinclude social and physical environment. The social environmentincludes the peers, family, media and neighbourhood. The physicalenvironment entails the prenatal nutrition among others.
Nameand describe Piaget`s stages of cognitive development and when theyoccur? Give an example.Piaget identified four stages of cognitive development (Cherry). Thestages include:
Thestage starts at birth to two years. At this stage, the dominantstructures are behavioural action schemes which evolve as infantsbegin to synchronize their sensory input and motor responses to acton and get familiar with the surrounding. Children attain skills forsolving problems, imitation and object permanence. In this stage,learning is done through senses. For example, infants use sensory andmotor activities to understand the world.
Thestage begins from two years to around seven years. The child getsmore skilful at building and making use of mental symbols tocontemplate on their experiences.
iii.)Concrete Operational Stage
Thestage begins at the age of seven to eleven years. Children canconserve, mentally classify and act on concrete objects. They achieveclass inclusion, conservation and mental representation of actionsand relational logic at this stage.
iv.)Formal Operational Stage
Beginsfrom 12 years and older. At this stage, the children can think aboutthe abstract ideas, hypothetical situations and systematically testhypothesis. Their thinking is not attached to observations andimaginations.
Whatwere the stages identified by Erik Erikson and the psychosocialdilemmas encountered throughout life cycle development?Erickson’s theory of psychosocial has eight stages (Mcleod). Thestages include:
i)Trust vs. Mistrust
The stage occurs at the first year or so of life. The infantsdepend more on their caregivers which make them develop trust ontheir caregivers. In long-term it will create some hope in them. Ifthe caregivers are unpredictable, unreliable and inconsistent, itwill create mistrust in the infants making them insecure.
ii)Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Thestage begins at 18 months and continues to around three years. Atthis stage the child discovers she or he has many skills andabilities which may include playing with toys, putting on shoes orclothes. Encouragement leads to independence while control bringsabout the feeling of inadequacy in their ability to survive and overdependency.
iii)Initiative vs. Guilt
Thestage begins at three to five years of age. It is characterized byincreased desire to action and which to parents appears violent.Chief characteristic is playing, as it enables children to discovertheir interpersonal abilities. The children tend to question a lotto quench their thirst for knowledge. Limiting this behaviour leadsto a feeling of guilt on the child preventing creativity.
iv)Industry vs. Inferiority
Thestage occurs between age five and twelve. Children start to learnreading and writing. Teachers take a central role. The childself-esteem is greatly influenced by the peers. The child acts toseek approval. Reinforcement breeds confidence and diligence.However, if controlled, the child feels inferior consequently failingto achieve their potential.
v)Identity vs. Role Confusion
Thestage starts at 12-18 years of adolescence stage. It involves a deepsearch for a sense of personal identity, through exploring personalideals, beliefs, and goals. The child seems to get self-reliant andlooks into the future career, job, and family among others. Itinvolves sexual and professional identity. Success brings aboutfidelity. Failure leads to role confusion and sadness.
vi) Intimacy vs. Isolation
Thestage starts from 18 to 40 years. The young adults tend to search fora long term intimate relationship. Success breeds joyfulrelationship, commitment, and care such as love. If unsuccessful, onebecomes lonely and depressed.
vii)Generativist vs. Stagnation
From40 to 65 years, middle adult. They start careers, families and ownbigger dream. They engage in communal activities, become resourcefulat work and raise their children. Its eventuality is care. Failureleads to stagnation
viii)Ego Integrity vs. Despair
Thestage starts at 65 years and above. Adults become less productive andfocus on their achievements. Integrity is brought about by successand ultimately wisdom. Failure to accomplish this stage, it leads todesperation and downheartedness.
Cherry, K. "A Summary of the Piaget`s Stages." Psychology 11 December 2016.Web
Mcleod, S. "Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages." Simply Psychology 2017.Web
Stephanie, M. "How do Nature and Nurture influence Human development." Bright Hub 6 March 2017. Web
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AReflective Essay on Immigration
Challenges I faced as an immigrant
Learning to speak English fluently.
Making and assimilating new friends.
Overcoming the challenges as an immigrant.
Playing with neighbouring kids and imitating what they did.
Enrolling in English teaching classes.
Listening to television and radio that broadcasted in English.
Ivividly remember the incidences that were happening when my motherentered the living room and break the good news to me. I was watchingone of my favorite movies when I saw the door opening slowly.Suddenly, I saw the face of my mom peeping and lit with smiles. I wasmoved and wanted to know what was happening. I stood up and pausedthe movie to listen to the good news from my mom. “Guess what myson,” my mom yelled at me. I was astonished and became more anxiousto know what was happening. Finally, mum broke the good news that Iand my little sister we will be relocating to the United States ofAmerica to stay with my father. After my mother had delivered thegood news, I saw the smile on her face dimming and some tears rollingdown her cheeks. Immediately, I knew that she is going to miss us andshe never wanted to be left alone. I hugged her and kissed her cheekas tears rolled down her cheeks. Much like myself, my sister had togo through a lot as an immigrant in the United States of America, butshe stood firm to overcome them. I had to overcome language barriers,making and assimilating new friends, and overcoming the stereotype ofracism[ CITATION Omi16 l 2057 ].
Immediatelythe day I reached in the United States of America I experienced thefirst problem of learning English. I had come from Nigeria where wecould only speak Yoruba. Initially, I never knew whether otherlanguages existed as I was used to speaking only one language in myhome country. Interacting and socializing became a problem in my newhome[ CITATION Rap13 l 2057 ].
Besideswhere my dad lived, there was a neighboring family from India. Theyoung teens from that family were my age mate, but I could notinteract with them freely since I could not communicate in English.Meeting and making new friends in the new area was another a problem.I hardly knew nobody and even getting outside was a problem to me[ CITATION Chr14 l 2057 ].
Iremembered one day my little sister went to the field to playfootball with the neighboring kids and left I and my father watchingtelevision. When she came back, she was angry and said that she wouldnever go out to play football again. I asked her why and she told methat she felt stupid when she kept on nodding her head withoutgetting what the coach was saying. It reminded me all the challengesthat I also went through[ CITATION Zpo15 l 2057 ].Assimilating the other kids was a problem because I had no enoughknowledge about their culture and their lifestyles which seemed quitedifferent from what I used to know[ CITATION Ras15 l 2057 ].
Thehardest part of my life in the United States of America was the issueof race. The majority of my friends were white, and I was the onlyblack African among them. Sometimes it could become hard to withstandtheir sentiments concerning my skin color. During the games time, Icould see most of my friends looking and scolding at me and makingsome racial comments as we played[ CITATION Lig13 l 2057 ].
Toovercome the problems, I decided to do the following: I learnedeverything through watching, playing and imitating what others did,enrolling some classes that taught English and listening to the radioto learn English
Inconclusion, my journey to the United States of America was a greatexperience for my sister and me. I am a living testimony as Iovercome the issues of language barriers, racism, meeting and makingnew friends in a new country. Watching my sister grow and overcomeall these challenges too is a true reflection of my own image in themirror.
Christina, N. "The Biggest Challenges Facing Refugees and Immigrants in the US." Global Citizen 12 December 2014.
Lightstone, M. "Canadian Newcomers Face Many Barriers." Herald News 14 January 2013.
Omidvar, R. "The Biggest Issues Facing Migrants Today and what can do to Solve Them." World Economic Forum 12 November 2016.
Rapley, D. "Problems and Solutions for Undocumented Immigrants in the ri-Valley." The Independent 26 July 2013.
Rassuli, A. "Immigrants Face Harsh Challenges in Search of American Dream." Collegiate Times 5 November 2015.
Zpotter. "Local Residents Ponder Issues Facing Immigrants Sanford Herald Feature." The Latino Migration Project 14 November 2015.
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