Currently,it is clear that we stay in a highly globalized environment thatcomprise different communities and strengthened transitionalrelations. Moreover, these situations are entangled by two mainissues that include intercultural sensitivity and culturaladjustments. Through these, movement of individuals across borders ofdifferent countries has facilitated state policies and regulationwhich could possibly encourage national culture and globalcompetency. Equally, cultural adjustments and adaptations are highlyapplicable to today’s social challenges (Bennett & Milton,2013).
Withinthe contexts of ethnicity or race, transitional identities anddiaspora, Curtin is trying to express the following. First, she isemphasizing the significance of operational group forces such asmigration regulations and economic dynamics. Secondly, she highlightsthat cocultural communities are struggling to adjust culturally andoperationally within the environments they live for instance, in theUnited States the discussions on acculturation have been heldseverally to embrace the concept of cultural adjustments that areunattainable to many newcomers.
Thirdly,she articulates that the integration of immigrants into the biggerAmerican has resulted into broad-mindedness for the performance ofethnic identities. In this case, it is clear that culturaldiversities are assumed to abstract the ideas that give approacheshow individuals should behave and interpret the characters of others.Likewise, similar reactions are found in public dissertationscurrently that call for social harmony and willingness to assimilate.
Additionally,the complications of cultural adjustments in a diverse community arealso outlined. There is a recognition that immigrants may be requiredto express themselves based on native host key populations and otherrecognized societies relative to leading groups. What the hostsociety assert to think about what immigrants must stresses the roleof the communication, dynamic practice of learning and development.In this case, it is pointed out that assimilation remains a lifetimegoal because acculturation process does not give the option having astrong cultural group identify and adapting well to new values(Healey, 2015).
Fourth,she argues that the concepts of identity and central understandingprocedures of cultural adjustment are interpersonal, multiple,discussed and frequently debated. In this case, identification isdefined as an ongoing social and political process for everyindividual. Therefore, immigrants must place themselves with regardto native host societies and developed dominant majority since withinthe framework of acculturation, everyone’s goal is to incorporatesocial certainty.
Theprocess of acculturation must be deliberated based on multiple andwider structural and conceptual contexts. This implies that allinteractions are equal because the relations of micro levelcollaboration and broader macro contexts are determined by hostintuitional practices. Likewise, the primary concept of coculturationillustrates that when newcomers arrive at a new environment, theyare entering a very multifaceted arena in which people from diversesocial communities are already involved in negotiating boundaries ofidentities thus every individual is frequently involved in societaland political processes of identification (Rumbaut & Ruben,2015).
Inregard to this, I perceive Curtin’s coculturation concept asfollows. Through multicultural exchange, individuals see themselvesin a much bigger environment thus their relations with in-groups andexternal groups can change radically. Similarly, as illustrated byCurtin the three models of acculturation imply that assimilationprogressively gives up the identification process. The modelsidentify home and host cultures to be contradicting thancounterbalancing. On the other hand, I observed that thebi-dimensional approach of acculturation and identity illustratesbicultural identity development.
Theeffective behavioral aspects of adjustments give much interrelatedintercultural contact suggestions each individual tends to belong todistinctive social settings. Equally, others may be assimilatedeconomically and get incorporated linguistically however they remainsocially adjusted. At large, the cultural adjustments make a valuedcontribution since acculturation is an extremely multifacetedpractice that differs across cultural group levels (Dervin, Fred &Machart, 2016).
Asillustrated by Verdier (2017), it is quite clear that the research oncultural adjustments is highly appropriate to current issues forinstance, academics in the U.S. have been addressing the challenge toembrace a more outward-looking attitude. Also, Curtin’scoculturation concept is beneficial in developing a methodology forstudying any specific cultural background such as determining thevigorous association among structural formation and ethnic beliefs indiasporic settings.
Inconclusion, Curtin’s critical intercultural theory of coculturationarticulates the construction processes that build a perception ofethnicity, identity, and immigration for all the members of acommunity. Through such approaches, group boundaries are constructedand the idea that who belongs and who does not is embraced asindividuals tend to break with several customary models of adjustmentor acculturation.
Bennett& Milton. (2013). Basic concepts of intercultural communication:Paradigms, principles, and practices. Hachette UK.
Dervin,Fred., & Machart, R. (Eds.). (2016). Cultural essentialism inintercultural relations. Springer.
Healey,F., & O’Brien, E. (2015). Assimilationand Pluralism: From Immigrants to White Ethnics. Race, Ethnicity,Gender, and Class: The sociology of Group Conflict and Change.
Rumbaut& Ruben. G. (2015). Assimilation of immigrants.
Verdier,Thierry & Zenou, Y. (2017). The role of social networks incultural assimilation. Journal of Urban Economics, 97, 15-39.
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