INTERNATIONAL SPORT 2
Schimmel, K. S.(2012). Protecting the NFL/ militarizing the homeland: Citizensoldiers and urban resilience in post-9/11 America. InternationalReview for the Sociology of Sport,47(3),338-357. doi:10.1177/1012690211433479.
Theauthor begins by listing the changes that have been adopted in oursecurity systems both here, and in the United Kingdom that focuses onpre-emption and protection whilst also being anticipatory. This canbe seen through increased electronic surveillance and the rise ofautomated software such as the Face Trak TMsystemwhich was installed in Tampa bay Florida during super bowl 2001, itscanned over 100000 faces sorting them according to their criminalhistory.
Thecartelization in the NFL creates artificial scarcity which encouragescities to bid to retain teams one category used to do this is toensure the city has a super bowl ready stadium. The stadium has tomeet the set standards in terms of security and this often means thatit needs to be retrofitted to enable the military to prevent andrespond to any terrorist attack. Patriotic themes including but notlimited to fighter jets flyovers are very entrenched in the superbowl further giving credence to the militarization of the sport.
Dueto the PATRIOT act and the creation of the homeland securitydepartment, the actions by Pentagon level defense contractors andeven the secret service lending their services to safeguard the superbowl tournament have been observed as is explained by Parker.According to Heinze, preparation for this event begins up to twoyears prior and can involve up to 70 agencies.
Stadiumshave to be accorded special protection because a terrorist attack onany one of them would be hit on the national morale as outlined inthe National Infrastructure Protection Plan. The NFL enjoys aprivileged position in the US domestic security policy as it alsocan’t be sued in case of an attack to ensure it bounces backpromptly.
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