INTERPRETING THE 20TH CENTURY
INTERPRETINGTHE 20TH CENTURY
The20th century changed the world politically, economically, and orsocially through various transformations that nobody could haveimagined as the century came towards its end. It was a period markedwith great and prompt alterations that expanded the level ofimagination globally. Thus, the paper examines the major human themesdeveloped within the course of the 20th century.
First,the 20th century marked the generation of democracy and industrialrevolution within the western world. As a result, the revolution anddemocracy were extended to the non-western countries.1Additionally, there existed significant influence of secularism,industrialism, individualism and technology amongst individuals fromthe western region of the world. Similarly, the 20th centuryincorporated massive attempt to enhance nationalism, advancement incommunication, information technology, and large-scaleindustrialization.2
Second,the century was marked by two major world wars namely World Wars Iand II between 1914-1918 and 1939-1945 respectively. In consequence,there was enormous destruction of properties and higher death ratescompared to the past wars, leading to more emphasis on collaborativesecurity through international treaties e.g. United Nations.3Also, the wars culminated in constant amplification in the livingstandards and level of expectations amongst the United States’citizens and a majority of the global states. Besides, it manifesteda great escalation in the United States’ history since theeconomic, social, and political desires were passed from dominantgroups to the minority ethnicity groups. As a consequence, victorieswere realized with regards to the fight for people’s rights,security, and freedom.4
Third,the impact of Marxism in the 20th century taught millions of personsregarding the significance of morals and or regions in the society.Marxism remained a solid foundation of ideas due to the centralconcepts within the societal levels alongside diffusion of authority.As a result, the century led to the formation of politicalmovements.5Moreover, the discovery of Penicillin in the 20th century byAlexander Fleming, though an unforeseen event, has had a huge impactdue to its intense in the research and development of newantibiotics. Although the development of penicillin might have beenaccidental, it remains one of the greatest achievements in the 20thcentury which has been of great value in the 21st century.6
Lastly,much advancement in the field of social sciences was developed in the20th century. For instance, there was a massive rise in the number ofsocietal scientists participating in different academics and teachingcenters, as well as research. In the same way, the scientists havetheir areas of specialization and comprehensiveness based on theirhigher education degrees.7The proliferation and advancements in social sciences not onlyoccurred in the United States but the world as a whole. As a result,many academic and research centers in the western countries emergedall over the world. Equally, various universities spread from thewestern to the rest of the world with dozens of advanced courses.8Finally, the 20th century embraced the use of computers to carry outchallenging research and teaching via data storage and retrieval,i.e. the century experienced computer revolution.9
The20th century was marked by various attempts to change the worldconnection based on such facets as democracy, technology, andcommunism amongst the western countries and the remaining parts ofthe world. Therefore, the 20th century is pivotal in the current 21stcentury which is characterized by high-level technology,international relations, and various political movements among othertransformations.
Agar,Jon. Sciencein the 20th Century and Beyond.Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2012.
Guibernau,Montserrat. Nationalisms:The nation-state and nationalism in the twentieth century.Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
Maugin,Gérard A. Continuummechanics through the twentieth century.Berlin: Springer, 2013.
Purkiss,Diane. Thewitch in history: early modern and twentieth-century representations.HowickPlace, London:Routledge, 2013.
Smith,Tony. America`smission: the United States and the worldwide struggle for democracy.Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012.
1. Montserrat Guibernau, Nationalisms: The nation-state and nationalism in the twentieth century, (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2013), 153.
2. Tony Smith, America`s mission: the United States and the worldwide struggle for democracy, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012), 186.
3. Ibid, 191-192.
4. Diane Purkiss, The witch in history: early modern and twentieth-century representations, (Howick Place, London: Routledge, 2013), 133.
5. Gérard Maugin, Continuum mechanics through the twentieth century, (Berlin: Springer, 2013), 51.
6. Jon Agar, Science in the 20th Century and Beyond, (Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2012), 21-22.
7. Ibid, 31.
8. Gérard Maugin, Continuum mechanics through the twentieth century, (Berlin: Springer, 2013), 47.
9. Ibid, 55.
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