Introduction to Crime and Causes
CRIME AND CAUSES 5
Introductionto Crime and Causes
Introductionto Crime and Causes
Crimeis an offense that is punishable by law and can be prosecuted by thestate. Some of the offenses include murder, rape, theft, terrorismand burglary all which are punishable. In cases of crime,investigations are frequently carried out, and the law offerssentence or punishment base on the severity of the offense. Differenttheories have been formulated to explain why crime happens. Thearticles regarding the Paris attack and Newnan Street murderrepresent two separate acts of crime, which can be described usingrational choice and strain theories.
“ParisAttack: What Happened on the Night?”
Accordingto BBC News (2015), shooters and suicide bombers invaded a concerthall, bars, a stadium, and restaurant in France capital. As a result,about 130 people died. One of the explosions that left many woundedoccurred at the Stade de France stadium where France was playingagainst Germany. The second explosion happened outside the stadium afew minutes later. Another explosion that led to the death of threesuicide bombers and one pedestrian happened at Rue de la coke. Thegunmen attacked people at the restaurant Le Petit Cambodge and LeCarillon Bar. There was a concert at the Bata clan hall where anAmerican band was performing three attackers opened fire and killedaround 89 people. The French president declared a state of emergencyimmediately after the multiple incidences. It was one of thedeadliest attacks where ISIS claimed responsibility. Criminal justicewas portrayed by the police who took charge and tried to apprehendthe criminals and protect the citizens. The French jets decided tobomb a series of ISIS sites in Syria where they had been conductingairstrikes. An apartment building in Paris where it was alleged thatthe mastermind behind the attacks was encroaching was raided, and asuicide device was detonated. The police were justified in arresting107 people and seizing their weapons. The terror attack invoked thefeelings of despair, pain, anguish, and hatred for crimes.
Panicor terror attack as a form of the offense can be explained using thetheory of rational choice. According to the theory, individualsbehave per their self-interests and decide to commit crimes aftercalculating the likely risks (Downess, Rock & Mc Laughlin, 2016).Terrorists act from calculated choices with the intention offulfilling personal needs without caring the loss of their lives.They are considered psychopaths who exhibit antisocial personalitydisorders that motive them to harm the society. Terrorists believe ingetting rewards by killing other human beings hence, they risk theirlives in support of an individual or a small group.
“JuvenileArrested in Newnan Street Murder”
Agang group of nine members known as ‘lost boys’ committed murderalong the Newnan Street (Ruberti, 2017). The men were accused ofopening fire where one man was killed as he was walking along thestreets. The man was the initial target of the gang. According towitnesses, the killers arrived in separate cars and opened firetowards Newnan Street and later drove off. It was the secondincidence that had been reported within that locality in a shortspan, although no one was injured in this particular crime. Ganggroups have been noted to terrorize the residents and open firerandomly. The lost boy’s gang is different from other groupsbecause it has been regularly shooting in the neighborhood. The groupmen were arrested and charged with the felony of murder, aggravatedassault and violating the street gang prevention act. A few membersof the group had additional charges of being in possession offirearms. Having the street gangs running around and shooting peopleinstills fear and questions the security system in the locality.
Accordingto the theory of anomie and strain, human beings have similaraspirations however, not all of them can achieve their dreamsthrough hard work hence, they engage in crime (Downess, Rock &Mc Laughlin, 2016). Most people in this category fail to meetsocietal expectations. The gangs usually consist of young people whodo not attend or dropped out of school and are unemployed. Most ofthe youngsters belong to the minority groups where they fight forscarce social and economic resources. The society pressures them toachieve certain social statuses even though they lack the meansconsequently, they indulge in criminal activities. Social classeswithin the society aggravate individuals to get involved in crime toachieve what others have. Group culture is also a contributor tocrime, especially for gang groups where they emulate one another’sbehavior.
Crimeis a felony towards an individual or society, and the state has themandate to punish anyone involved in such acts. The BBC article onterror attack reported that 130 people were killed due to themultiple bomb attack. Such attacks have a basis in the rationalchoice theory. On the other hand, in the Newnan case, the straintheory explains that crime can result from an individual`s failure toachieve his or her dreams through the right channels.
BBCNews. (2015). Attack:What happened on the night? Retrievedfrom
Downes,D., Rock, P., & McLaughlin, E. (2016). Understandingdeviance: A guide to the
sociologyof crime and rule-breaking.New York: Oxford University Press.
Ruberti,M. (2017). Eightmen indicted for Newnan Street murder.Retrieved from
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