Investigation of a Modern Primate Species
Investigationof a Modern Primate Species
Aprimate is a mammal that is characterized more especially by advanceddevelopment of binocular vision that results to increased reliance onstereoscopic insight, specialized hands and fetes for grasping andenlarged intellectual capacity. Likewise, a primate is distinguishedby a weak sense of smell, absence of claws, prolonged pregnancies andlong lifespans. One of the living primates is a Gorilla itsscientific name is Gorillaberingeiand it belongs to beringei species.
Likeall other primates gorillas have hands. The thumb is big than otherfingers and these enable the primates to hold and manipulate objects.Gorillas have both eyes facing forward. The eye has a specializedarea called fovea which consists of cells that allow proper visualacuity. Gorillas have 32 teeth that are strongly adapted for feedingvegetation and other small animals. Adult male gorilla has developedbig sharp canines. A gorilla’s foot has an opposable toe withtoenails that they use for cleaning and scratching.
Gorillaslive in tropical, lowland rain forests and mountains. Their dietsinclude small animals and vegetation such as leaves, fruits, roots,and stems. Gorillas move on their fours by use of knuckles. Theirhabitats give necessary resources such as food and shelter that caterfor their needs. In the tropical forests and mountains where gorillaslive, the temperature is about 23 degrees Celsius and abundantrainfall that is throughout the year (Larsen & Clark, 2013).
Gorillasare endangered primates since they frequently lose their habitats dueto the increasing human population, killing and poaching forconsumption. Some gorilla species that live in high altitudes areaffected by climatic changes that affect them directly by alteringtheir environment and vegetation yields. Equally, Gorillas arethreatened by diseases such as Ebola.
Larsen& Clark S. Essentials of Physical Anthropology: Discovering OurOrigins. WW Norton, 2013.
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