Accordingto Weiten, Dunn, and Hammer, people meet several demands andchallenges each day in their lives, which require major adjustments.In the modern life, people are experiencing difficulties indeveloping a sense of identity or clear vision of their future. Manyindividuals are judging issues through observation, leading toirrational thinking (Weiten,Dunn, & Hammer, 2014).The assumptions ones make from an observation may lead to unpleasantemotional reactions as stipulated by Albert Ellis. It is essentialthat people avoid irrational thinking and instead be thinkers thatare more rational. The paper analyzes two examples of irrationalthinking in terms of the activating event, irrational self-talk,emotional reaction, irrational assumption, and rational oralternative view.
Inclassroom, all my classmates are talking and enjoying each other, butno one is talking to me
Maybeall my classmates hate me because I have some undesirable qualities
Ifeel depressed and lonely as I sit alone in the classroom
Lonelinessand my unhappiness is caused by my classmates and I have no abilityto control my sorrows
Ican be able to influence my classmates but I have no power to controltheir lives.
Walkinginto a room full of people during my friend’s birthday party andall people stare at me
Theyare all noticing how nervous I am due to their large number
Fastbreathing, sweating, and my heart starts pounding
Myfear makes me incompetent and inadequate, unworthy of being a friendto anybody
Iposses a great personal strength and can take care of myself withoutmy friend’s help
Weiten,W., Dunn, D. S., & Hammer, E. Y. (2014). Psychologyapplied to modern life: Adjustment in the 21st century.Cengage Learning.
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