JOURNAL ASSIGNMENT 4
Breastfeedinghas immense benefits in nutritional content and development ofchildren, especially in their early years of life. Such advantages ofbreastfeeding explain why nutritionists emphasize that mothers shoulddedicate adequate time to breastfeed their young ones. Of importance,there is a direct relation between the length of breastfeeding andcognitive development.
Quigley,Hockley, Carson, Kelly, Renfrew, and Sacker (2012) conducted a studyto ascertain the relationship between breastfeeding and cognitivedevelopment among children. In the study, Quigley et al. (2012) didan analysis of data gathered from singleton children selected fromthe United Kingdom Millenium Cohort Study. With the samplecategorized into groups based on the duration of breastfeeding, theBAS test was conducted. The BAS test focused on areas such asvocabulary knowledge, construction of patterns, and theidentification of similarities in pictures. From the study, Quigleyet al. (2012) established that children who had undergonebreastfeeding had higher mean scores in the aspects tested than theircounterparts who did not breastfeed adequately. In particular, themean scores increased with an increase in breastfeeding durationamong the children. Besides, the results pointed out that breastfedchildren had 5 times higher IQ than non-breastfed children. Buttriss, Welch, Kearney, and Lanham-New (2017) also cite thatbreastfeeding has a positive influence on IQ. Precisely, Buttriss etal. (2017) report that polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are acomponent of breast milk are instrumental in cognitive development.
Theresults of the above studies have major influences on the perceptionsof both parents and teachers. Parents should recognize the importanceof breastfeeding and ensure their children receive prolongedbreastfeeding. Similarly, teachers should understand the disparity ofchildren academic performance in relation to breastfeeding.
Certainly,breastfeeding has a significance influence on the cognitivedevelopment of children. Children with prolonged breastfeeding tendto have a higher IQ than children with shorter or no breastfeeding.On this backdrop, parents should make an effort to breastfeed theirchildren to foster their cognitive development.
Buttriss,J. L., Welch, A. A., Kearney, J. M., & Lanham-New, S. A. (2017).PublicHealth Nutrition.Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
Quigley,M. A., Hockley, C., Carson, C., Kelly, Y., Renfrew, M. J., &Sacker, A. (2012). Breastfeeding is Associated with Improved ChildCognitive Development: A Population-Based Cohort Study. TheJournal of Pediatrics, 160(1), 25–32.
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