Judaism and Christianity
Thereare many different religions in the world with distinctive beliefs.Most of the religions however believe in existence of One God. Someof the renowned monotheistic religions in the world include Muslim,Judaism, and Christianity. Monotheistic religions argue that thereexists only One God who was the Creator of everything in the world.The paper aims at expounding on the similarities and differencesbetween .
Judaismand Christianity are renowned religious rivals in the world.Christianity as well as Islam is claimed to have branched fromJudaism. As a result of these, have somecommon practices (Prothero, 2011). For instance, the two religionshave some similarity in ethics. Both religions are mainly concernedwith the Kingdom of God. Equally, are thekey monotheistic religions. The practices by these two religions aremainly aimed at appeasing one God (Prothero, 2011). They believe inexistence of one unique God. Another similarity between Christianityand Judaism is the day of worship. A good number of Christiansbelieve that Saturday is a Holy Day that must be respected by notonly resting, but also worshipping God.
Despitesharing some similarities, Prothero (2011) notes that Judaism andChristianity vary in terms of history and practices. As it was notedbefore, Judaism is one of the oldest religions that gave birth toother monotheistic religions such as Christianity and Muslim. UnlikeChristians who worship in churches, chapels, and cathedrals, Judaistsworship mainly in synagogues. Judaism also involves observance ofstrict worship rules. For instance, Judaists offer their prayersthree times every day. Each prayer is held at different timemorning, afternoon, and at night. In addition to the three dailyprayers, Judaism has a fourth prayer that is added on holidays aswell as Shabbat. Christians’ prayers are not classified into threelike those of Judaism. They are fond of praying at random times asspirit guides them. In addition to prayers, Christians eat sacramentsand participate in communions. Christianity is also associated withacts of charity as well as reading of scriptures from the Bible. Thescriptures read by Judaists and Christians also vary significantly.Judaism is associated with reading specific books contained in theJewish Bible referred to as Torah. Christians on the other hand readThe Holy Bible that consists both Old Testament scriptures and NewTestament scriptures. Christianity and Judaism also vary in terms ofbeliefs. Christians believe in existence of life after death whichcan be eternity in Heaven or eternity in Hell. Judaists on the otherhand believe in not only the world to come and reincarnation, butalso unification with God.
Itwas noted above that are monotheisticreligions. Judaists believe in existence of one God who is also theTrue Creator of everything. According to them, God existed and willcontinue to exist. Equally, Christians are monotheists who believe inexistence of One God. The God of Christians however exists in threeforms Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The variation in the belief ofGod by these two religions is attributed to the existence of the Sonand Holy Spirit after God. Christians believe that God through HisSon rescued them from sin as well as provided them with Holy Spiritthrough His Son to guide their spiritual life on earth.
BeforeChrist, people worshipped as well as rested on Saturday. Saturday wasconsidered the seventh day and was highly respected as ordained byGod in the Old Testament. The current Judaists still observe allthese practices on Saturday. It is on Saturdays that Judaists learnabout their God and enjoy family time. Equally, Christians have aspecific day in a week that they consider holy for resting andlearning about God. The God and prophets discussed on the day ofworship by these two religions relate since they are the same. UnlikeChristians, Judaists respect Moses very much. I think their respectfor Moses is in relation to what he did for the Israelites.Similarly, Judaists believe that the Savior of the world has notcome. Prior to this assignment, I understood that Judaists andChristians have different books of worship. Since Judaism existedbefore the coming of Christ, its scriptures are few and they addressspecific traditions. However, I did not understand that the variationin doctrines between exists as a result oftheir different beliefs. Christians believe that a savior of theworld referred to as Jesus Christ came and died for mankind on thecross. Many scriptures in the Bible used by Christians, specificallythe New Testament, were included after the coming of Jesus. Equally,the variation in Judaism practices and Christian practices is as aresult of new beliefs brought about by Jesus. For instance,Christians are not strict in observing the rules like Judaistsbecause they believe in overcoming mainly sin. Judaists believe inreturning from exile, making them to insist on the observance ofGod’s commandments (Prothero, 2011).
Inhis book, Prothero (2011) has classified the eight religions based ontheir weight in the world. He started by describing Muslim, thenChristianity, and other religions later. In his classification,Judaism was number seven. All these religions had however a commonstart. According to Prothero (2011) all religions begin with aspecific simple observation something is erroneous with the world(Prothero, 2011). From the classification, it is apparent that thenumber of observers of a given religion influenced the formation anddevelopment of a religion. Creation of a religion also involvedformulation of specific doctrines to guide the practices of thefollowers. Religion also needs to have a unique being to beworshipped. In addition to all these, a religion must have specificscriptures to inform followers about their expectations. Equally, onehas to identify the wrong in the world as well as a solution to comeup with a religion. Prothero also noted the need of providing humanreality. Considering all these requirements, starting oneselfreligion was very involving. Based on Prothero’s (2011) argument,true religion is defined by its ability to identify the wrong thingin the world, to provide solution to the problem, and to providebelievers with scriptures to guide their faith. True religion mustalso identify the being to be worshipped. The religion must also bein a position to define who God is and his role in the world.
Inconclusion, I have learned that there are many religions in the worldwith different definition of God and His role. From my experience, Ithink are monotheistic religions that insiston existence of one God. However, I found out that Judaism is theoldest religion and Christianity branched from it some years ago. Inaddition, I have noted through handling this assignment that thedoctrines and practices of relate by someextent. They both believe in existence of One God. The two religionsrecognize specific prophets and laws provided in the Bible. Judaismand Christianity have also some differences that create theirvariation. I was surprised when I learned that Judaists have morerespect on Moses than Jesus. Apart from observing strict rules andlaws provided in the Old Testament, I noted that Judaism is alsoassociated with reading specific scriptures in the Bible referred toas Torah. We Christians on the other hand believe that a messiah cameand saved them from their sins. The scriptures we read are also morethan those of Judaists because they include those both in OldTestament and New Testament. Handling this assignment made me realizethat the belief of Christians about the wrong of the world variesfrom that of Judaists. We Christians believe that the main problem inthe world is sin and its solution is forgiveness. Judaists on theother hand think that getting lost is the main problem in the worldand it can be combated by restoration. Considering all requirementsfor a religion including having specific doctrines and identifying aproblem in the world and its solution, I think starting a newreligion is extremely difficult. Real religions have a specific beingfor worship, doctrines to be observed, and specific laws to guidefollowers. Real religions have a common origin they all identify aproblem on earth and provide a solution to that problem. A newreligion must also conform with these requirements.
Prothero,S. (2011). Godis Not One: The Eight Rival Religions That Run the World.New York: Harper One.
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