Latin American Culture
LATIN AMERICAN CULTURE 7
A.Historical Relationship in the Group and Other Groups
Therelationship between Latin America and other groups such as Europe isboth multifaceted and complex because of its deep contradictions. Forexample, the two groups have a paradox whereby, on one hand, there isconnection while the other hand depicts separation. Despite someLatin Americans professing the sense of a shared identity withEuropeans, some of them acknowledge the widespread manifestations ofcultural separation or even encounter feelings of isolation.
Ina broader context, Latin Americans patently have connections with therest of the world. For example, several Latin Americans can tracetheir origins to Africa as a result of the slave trade. Besides, agood number of them can still trace their origins to Asia, which wascaused by immigration. For instance, a cultural study of LatinAmerica, Asia, and Africa would certainly get evidence of uniquenessin people of these three continents.
B.SignificantEvents in the History of
Justlike any other cultural group, Latin Americans have significantevents in their history. For instance, according to Professor EdwardCraig (2013), one of the most interesting contributions of LatinAmerican intellectual life is their liberation philosophy. Thephilosophical movement started in Argentina despite that mostpractitioners of the movement live in other Latin American nations.The movement attempted to explain the theoretical underpinnings ofpolitical and social phenomena not leaving out dependency.
Thephilosophy of liberation movement began to reinforce and strengthentheology of liberation. The philosophy of liberation movement servesas a significant response to various events in the 20thcentury of Latin America. Among them is theArgentina Dirty, whichtook place between 1976, and 1983 and theCuban Revolution of 1959 (Craig,2013).The movement was also a response to repressive systems ofgovernments that began in Brazil, in 1964, Guatemala in 1954 as wellas in Chile in 1973. Other significant events include MexicanAmerican war, the war of the Triple Alliance, the war of the Pacific,the Mexican revolution and Cuban Revolution among others
LouiseBonin (2016) outlines several myths, stereotypes, and misconceptionsabout Latin America. Although there may be some form of truths in thestereotypes, a good number of them are wrong. For example, it iswidely believed that Latinos are strictly Catholic. This stereotypemay not be true being that Latin America is moving away fromCatholicism. This is depicted by its influence on Central and SouthAmerica, which is gradually losing grip. The Spaniards are the oneswho introduced Catholicism in Central and South America. They alsotook the religion to other nations including the Philippines, and itis for this reason that it is globally believed that Latinos stronglyembrace the Catholic faith.
Inaddition, Latinos are widely believed to be Spanish speakers as mostLatin American nations speak Spanish. This misconception is, however,not true since not all Latin American nations speak Spanish (Bonquin,2016). For example, Brazil citizens mainly use Portuguese whereassome other regions such as Guyana and Venezuela speak English andGuyanese Creole. In modern times, most Latinos do not even have anopportunity to learn Spanish.
Aswell, many people hold that Latinos are hot dancers of Salsa becausewhenever people speak of Latin Americans, they imagine couplesdancing in sexy and hot salsa numbers. Latin Americans are fiery aswell as sensual however, not all of them are into dancing and salsain clubs. Additionally, Latin American women are not often dressed inskimpy clothes as many people believe.
Thereis also the stereotype that all Latin Americans have the same look orappearance. In reality, the looks of Latin Americans vary, as theyare not just black, white or brown. Several people think that allMexicans are dark in complexion and have black hair while in the realsense most of them are white. Furthermore, it is widely believed thatLatin Americans love to drink Tequila as their favorite drink sinceTequila is a beverage drink that originally came from Mexico. Inreality, Latin Americans do not drink Tequila too much for theyprefer other drinks like cocktails, gin, whiskey, beer and bourbonamong others.
Thereare people who believe that the weather in Latin countries is notoften hot. There are several parts in Latin American countries thatare severely hot and provide the much loved tropical weather. Whenpeople see places that have snowfalls, they think that Latin Americancountries are cold and lack hot seasons. Then, most American citizensbelieve that Latin America is the den of drugs. The stereotype may betrue, but as for now, things have changed and rampant drug-relatedactivities are experienced only in a few Latin American countries.
D.Most Important Leaders and Heroes in the Latin American History
Accordingto Christopher Minster (2017), there are several most influentialLatin Americans that the cultural group has ever had in its history.For example, there is Bartolome de Las Cass who was born in 1484 anddied in 1566 after fighting for freedom as well as native rights ofLatin Americans during the early times of colonization and conquest.Also, there is Simom Bolivar who was born in 1783 and died in 1830.Bolivar was considered as the Gorge Washington of South America as heled the way to freedom for several Latin Americans. Diego Rivera isthe other Latin American hero who was not only the sole Mexicanmuralist, but also the most famous Mexican. He is widely rememberedfor bringing art out of the museum into the streets.
FidelCastro is another Latin American hero and is considered as a fieryrevolutionary because of his great influence on world politics forover five decades (Minister, 2017). Augusto Pinochet is also anothergreat Latin American leader who was among the leading individualsduring the Operation Condor. As well, there is Roberto Gomez Bolanoswho is widely recognized from Mexico to Argentina as he worked inTelevision for more than 4 decades creating iconic series thatinclude el Chapulin Colorado and El Chavo. Other great Latin Americanheroes include Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Edison Arantes do Nascimento,Pablo Escobar and Rigoberta Menchu.
F.Some Notable Achievements of the Group
Asa cultural group that has been in existence for a long time, theLatin American cultural group has achieved several notable things.For example, there is the conquest of the Inca as well as AztecEmpires between 1519 and 1533 (Minster, 2017). Under the ruthlessleadership of Hernan Cortes as well as Francisco Pizzaro, Mexico andPeru accomplished the conquest of the two empires. The otherachievement of the Latin American cultural group is the independencefrom both Portugal and Spain between 1806 and 1898. Most LatinAmerican nations declared self-independence from Spain following theinvasion of Napoleon in Spain. Later on, Central America, Mexico, andSouth American were freely followed by Brazil in declaring themselvesindependent from Spain.
ChristopherMinster (2017) says the other notable achievement of the LatinAmerican cultural group is the successful completion of the PanamaCanal in 1914. The canal project began in 1881, but it had to takeover 31 years to be completed after an ambitious and a remarkablefeat of engineering.
G.History of the Group and its Influence on Identity of the Group
Thehistory of Latin American cultural group has greatly contributed tothe identity of people hailing from the culture. For instance, somepeople identify Latin Americans with drug-related crimes because ofthe several instances or incidents of drug dealings that wereexperienced some years back. Moreover, several Latin Americans areidentified with immigration that had deteriorated the economy of theUnited States. In fact, most Mexicans are considered immigrants evenif they were born in the United States. As well, there are severalLatin Americans associated with dancing salsa in clubs. Furthermore,because of being linked with a long history of Catholic religions,most Latin Americans are believed to be Catholics.
Bonquin,L. (2016). 8Misconceptions about Latin Americans. Latinpost.com.http://www.latinpost.com/articles/111042/20160125/8-common-misconceptions-about-latin-americans.htm.Retrieved on 13th April 2017.
Craig,E. (2013). ConciseRoutledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. UK:Routledge.
Minster,C. (2017). The10 Most Influential Latin Americans in History. Thoughtco.com.https://www.thoughtco.com/most-influential-latin-americans-in-history-2136470.Retrieved on 13th April 2017.
Minster,C. (2017). The10 Most Important Events in the History of Latin America.Thoutghtco.com.https://www.thoughtco.com/important-events-in-latin-american-history-2136471.Retrieved on 13th April 2017.
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