refers to the physical, chemical, and biological features of inlandwaters.Ourcase study involves Cold Creek at Stebbins Cold Canyon Reserve PutahCreek. It was primarily established for teaching and research, butits trails are also designed for hikers throughout the year except invery hot weathers. Within the reserve, dogs are prohibited, and thetrails are typically accessed from the trails originating on thePutah Creek Wildlife area
Picturesof the Habitats
Ecologicalcharacteristics of the habitats
Theareas of the hydrophilic vegetation of the Putah Creek are locatedimmediately adjacent to the streams are considered the mostproductive habitat for a vast range of plants and animal species, andserve as the transition zone between the various species. The areasattract the plants and animals due to maintained water velocity(Moyle, 2014). They form the habitat for deer ticks which arepotential carriers of Lyme disease and rattlesnakes along the rockyareas.
TheRiparian habitats result from the availability of the permanent clearwater and abundant vegetation along the stream and are characterizedby high biodiversity and clearly defined light and shade availabilityas they support several lives over 225 species of amphibians,mammals, and birds such as rodents whose nests and droppings mayharbor Hantavirus. Their corridors harbor poison oaks that thicklygrow on rocky surfaces are extremely narrow and barely extend morethan 1000 feet on either side of the stream.
Creationand role of local landscape
Thereserve is located southeast of Lake Berryessa. The town ofMonticello was moved to the Spanish Flat, and the Putah Creek Bridgeleft instead within the region to be covered by constant risingwaters that led to the formation of Monticello Dam, and the Lakeformed. The reserve was developed in two parcels in 1979, and laterin 1984. Its original characteristics are retained, including theremains of a road built by John Vhalos. The surrounding hills arestill-ribbed with the trails and were created by constant livestockgrazing by the Vhalos goat herd. The patches of the hillsidevegetation were created by ‘hot spots’ that were due to thenatural fire outbreak that erupted in 1988. More subtle has alsoarisen from the elimination of the grizzly bear. Recently, numeroustrails have been created through the reserve for recreationalpurposes, and the official construction of large tract of BLM landmeant for hunting purposes is also underway.
Coldstorage sheds within the reserve are pleasantly cool and moistthroughout the summer because of the shade generated from Californiabay and spicebush and provide a suitable site for recreationespecially during the hot conditions(Moyle, 2014. Along thechaparral, there is a beautiful view of the Wildhorse Canyon from adistance, alongside with Canyon, marked with well-organized patternsof the grasslands.
Theroad that passes under the Highway 505 Bridge over the creek wascreated from the dumping of trash. It has significantly enhancedtransport system within the area.
GISMap Showing the Watershed
Moyle,P. B. (2014). Novel aquatic ecosystems: the new reality for streamsin California and other Mediterranean climate regions. RiverResearch and Applications, 30(10),1335-1344.
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