Listening Quiz 2
Student Name Score___/
Directions: Listen to the between Professor Brown and hisstudents carefully. In part one of the quiz, fill in the blanks withthe information provided in the conversation. In part two of thequiz, answer the question using the most appropriate answer.
In an appropriateparagraph, sentences should be connected to the (1) ___ and (2)__. The structure of a simple paragraph includes a (3) _, (4) _ __, and, sometimes, a (5) __ _. A topicsentence encapsulates the primary thought of a paragraph. The topicsentence could either be the (6) or the (7) ___sentence of a paragraph. The topic sentence can, however, be avoidedif the principle idea is obvious. The topic sentence can be placed atthe beginning of a paragraph but be (8) ___ in another way asthe paragraph ends. On the other hand, a supporting sentence offersexamples, (9) __, (10) , or (11) __ toconfirm the principle idea of the paragraph. A supporting sentenceallows a reader to significantly understand what the paragraph istalking about. A concluding sentence is the last sentence is the lastsentence of a paragraph. Its function is to (12) a readerwhat the paragraph was talking about. However, the last sentenceisn’t always a concluding sentence since can be used to introducethe (13) _ _ of the following paragraph.
In which of the following parts of the paragraph are we likely to find a topic sentence?
At the end of a paragraph.
At the start of a paragraph.
ALL OF THE ABOVE
John wrote a simple paragraph and decided to restate his topic sentence at the end of the paragraph. Was John right in doing so?
1, 2- Topic, focus (in any order)
3- Topic sentence
4- Supporting sentences
5- Concluding sentences
9, 10, 11- Explanations, facts, arguments (in any order)
13- Main topic
Lecture Script with Bolded Words
Professor Brown: In Unit 2, you learnedthat a paragraph is a group of sentences about one main idea. Thismeans that each paragraph has a topic — what you are writing about,and a focus — what you want to say about that topic. In a goodparagraph all of the sentences will be connected to the topicand focus.
Student 1: Professor Brown, could youexplain the structure of simple paragraphs?
Professor Brown: OK, you want to knowwhat a good simple paragraph looks like. Well, most simple paragraphswill include a topic sentence, several supporting sentencesand, sometimes, a concluding sentence. A topic sentence givesthe main idea of a paragraph. It usually occurs as the firstor last sentence of the paragraph. Some paragraphs will nothave a topic sentence if the main point is obvious. Others mightplace the topic sentence slightly differently. Occasionally, thetopic sentence might begin the paragraph but be restated in adifferent way at the end. That is to say, most writers put the topicsentence of a paragraph at the beginning or the end or both.
The supporting sentences provide examples,explanations, facts or arguments that supportthe main idea of a paragraph. Their purpose is to help the reader tounderstand the topic and focus of the paragraph.
The concluding sentence is usually the lastsentence in the paragraph. It is often similar to the topic sentenceand reminds the reader of the topic and focus of theparagraph, but it should use different words, if possible.
Student 2: Should we always have aconcluding sentence in each paragraph?
Professor Brown:A very good question! Having a concluding sentence in each paragraphsounds rather too much, doesn’t it? Let me just say that not allparagraphs end with a concluding sentence. Sometimes, the lastsentence of a paragraph introduces the main topic ofthe next paragraph, so in such cases a concluding sentence will beirrelevant. We will now look at some examples. Let us start withtopic sentences first.
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