Low Birth Weight and Preterm Infants
LowBirth Weight and Preterm Infants
LowBirth Weight and Preterm Infants
Ababy conceived by a minority mother is more likely to die after birthdue to weight complications compared to an infant from the majoritycommunity. The frequency of cut-rate birthweight and preterm birthsfor African American matriarchs continuously doubles that of whiteladies (Lau, Ambalavanan, Chakraborty, Wingate, & Carlo, 2013).Indeed, even with its accomplishment in decreasing newborn childmortality, the United States still positions inadequately inconnection to other industrialized nations. These figures create theimpression that the high occurrence of cut-rate birthweight in the U.S., when contrasted with different countries, is the real cause ofthe nation`s high frequency of newborn child mortality (Lau,Ambalavanan, Chakraborty, Wingate, & Carlo, 2013). Cut-ratebirthweight is to a great extent avoidable, but it is difficult toexecute prevention projects. Given the entangled well-being andsocial issues regularly connected with ladies who convey lowbirthweight babies, there are no simple arrangements. Good preventiveprojects mix social insurance, well-being training, ecologicalalteration, and open strategy with the end goal of creating a culturethat supports a judicious way of life (Lau, Ambalavanan, Chakraborty,Wingate, & Carlo, 2013). Because the conception of underweightand preterm babies creates a health hazard for both the mother andchild, it has a number of long and short term effects on thecommunity: economic consequences, ongoing care considerations, andco-morbidity linked to prematurity.
Underweightand preterm infants are at the highest risk of conductinghypothermia. These children should not be exposed to cold becausethey are very fragile. While short term exposure may lead to neonatalhypothermia, prolonged subjection may result in death. Therefore, theongoing considerations should focus on the temperature of the baby atthe Neonatal Intensive Care Unit – the infant should be kept warmat all times. Economic consequences on the family of the underweightand premature infant include stress on financial resources andcapabilities. Most minority families are poor and some cannot affordto pay for basic healthcare. Given the sensitive nature ofunderweight and preterm infants, such families are financiallyburdened by hospital bills. The other effect of underweight andpreterm babies is co-morbidity. Good examples of co-morbiditiesassociated with preterm infants include premature rupture ofmembranes and unconstrained preterm birth with in place membranes(Dars, Malik, Samreen, & Kazi, 2014). These co-morbidities putthe baby’s mother at the risk of death or complications afterbirth.
Dueto the high risk factors associated with underweight and preterminfants, local community support programs have emerged to helpparents deal with the consequences. Grahams Foundation is an exampleof a group that supports underweight and preterm parents. Theorganization links parents with financial aid and medical providersand has been successful in helping them deal with the troublesassociated with underweight and preterm babies. The testimonies onthe organizations website provide proof of this success.
Insum, underweight and preterm births pose serious health risks to boththe mother and the baby and result in unforeseen consequences. Theconsequences include high and long term health risks, economichardships for the baby’s family, on-going care precautions, andco-morbidities. Various community organizations are emerging to helpfamilies deal with the hardships of such infants. A good example isthe Grahams Foundation that helps families with both financial andmedical support.
Dars,S., Malik, S., Samreen, I., & Kazi, R. A. (2014). Maternalmorbidity and perinatal outcome in preterm premature rupture ofmembranes before 37 weeks gestation. PakistanJournal of Medical Sciences, 30(3),626. Retrieved from
GrahamsFoundation. Retrieved from
Lau,C., Ambalavanan, N., Chakraborty, H., Wingate, M. S., & Carlo, W.A. (2013). Extremely low birth weight and infant mortality rates inthe United States. Pediatrics, 131(5),855-860. Retrieved from
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