Therehave been continuous debates among historians, surviving resistanceleaders and the social commentators concerning the role of MauMauuprising in attaining independence in Kenya. Actually, this is onegroup that Kenya will never forget in many years to come.1This group operated between 1952 and 1960 and it hastened theindependenceof Kenya of 1963. Some of the issues addressed by therebellion included poverty, inadequate political representation,expulsion of Kenyans from their settler lands and loss of land towhite settlers.2During this uprising, 32 white settlers and 200 British army soldierslost their lives. Similarly, more than 1,800 African civilians and20,000 MauMaurebels were killed.3
Intheir rebellion, the MauMauarmies based themselves in forested areas such as the Aberdares andMt. Kenya. One of their major attacks was on March 1953 in Lari, whenthey attacked the loyalist Home Guard families. Almost 74 peoplelost their lives while 50 were left nursing bad wounds.1This massacre led to increased retaliatory attacks from the colonialforces, settlers and the Home Guard. Additionally, it marked a majorturning point in the uprising as many of the Kikuyus were pushed intotaking sides in the resistance struggle. This led to the breaking ofthe MauMauforest armies in 1957 and by 1960, an emergency was declared inKenya. From the increased rebellion, the British had no choice but toimplement the reforms proposed by the MauMau.Three years later, Kenya attained its independent and Jomo Kenyatta,one of the alleged leaders of the uprising, became the firstpresident of the new country.
Bijl,Nick V. Maumau rebellion.(S.l: Pen & Sword Military, 2017) 76-103.
Foulds,Adam. Thebroken word : an epic poem of the British Empire in Kenya, and theMau Mau uprising against it.(New York, N.Y: Penguin, 2011) 26-97 .
Newsinger,John. Britishcounterinsurgency.(Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015) 62-87.
1 Nick Bijil,. Mau mau rebellion. (S.l: Pen & Sword Military, 2017), 77.
2 Adam Foulds. The broken word : an epic poem of the British Empire in Kenya, and the Mau Mau uprising against it. (New York, N.Y: Penguin, 2011),34.
3 John Newsinger. British counterinsurgency. (Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015), 69.
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