MENTAL HEALTH 5
ObsessiveCompulsive Disorder is a mental condition that brings about anxietyin a person. People with this condition tend to experience recurringunwanted thoughts, images, and worries that repeatedly occur in theirminds. OCD makes people experience repeated behaviors that usuallyaffect their normal lives. Obsessions are persistent impulses whichcause distressing emotions and thoughts which can barely be dealtwith by reasoning. Obsessions lead to a state of fear, self-doubt andalso a person tends to feel disgusted most of the time. Essentially,people with obsessions become mentally anxious and virtually getpre-occupied within their minds. On the other hand, compulsions arebehaviors that a person with obsessions tends to exhibit as a way ofreducing fears and distress. Compulsions are aimed at neutralizingobsessions in trying to bring some relief to the affected individual.Individuals with OCD, in most cases, believe that compulsions providean easy escape from obsessions. However, the more a person becomescompulsive, the more obsessions continues, thereby becoming a viciouscircle.
Signsand Symptoms of OCD
An individual has an intensive fear of harming self and others in by mistake. Such a person takes serious precautions and avoids engaging in things that might cause harm.
A person fears to get into contact with germs and contamination and also contaminating others.
Doing things in an excessively orderly and methodical manner, to make everything look right.
People fear losing things that they consider valuable to them. There is also the aspect of having consistent and persistent sexual thoughts.
An individual with OCD usually has aggressive thoughts towards self and others as well.
A person with OCD tend to spend most of the time cleaning or washing.
Being too prayerful, or engaging in religious rituals due to some inner fear.
Checking and double-checking things to ascertain that they are in order. For instance, a person may keep on checking the window to ensure that it is closed.
Constant checking on friends and relatives to make sure they are safe.
Avoidance of situations that a person believes could result to obsessions.
Explainingwho Mostly Suffer from OCD
Bothmen and women suffer from OCD in equal measure. It can occur at anyage of a person from any socioeconomic background and ethnicity.However, there are variances in terms of age, which this conditionstarts to occur. In males, the condition is most common duringchildhood and adolescence, mostly between 6-15 years. In females, OCDoccurs between 20-29 years, when they are transitioning to adulthood.
CognitiveBehavioral Therapy is the most common type of therapy used in peoplewith OCD. Exposure and response therapy which is a type of CBT whichcommonly used. ERP involves deliberately exposing patients toterrifying situations that make them have anxiety (Foa, Yadin, &Lichner, 2012). ERP enables patients to get used to obsessions, andeventually, they stop engaging in behavior caused by compulsions.
Althoughthere is no medication that has been proven to heal OCD completely,most of the drugs used can reduce the symptoms by about 50%.Antidepressants are the most common types of drugs used to manageObsessions and Compulsions. In most cases, however, medications areused in conjunction with therapy to increase their effectiveness. Theantidepressants which are largely used include: Sertraline,Clomipramine, Fluoxetine, and Fluvoxamine.
ObsessiveCompulsive Disorder is a condition that can affect everybody thesociety. Despite the fact that condition is not fatal, it can bedetrimental to the behaviors and reasoning of a person. Themedication also does not guarantee a complete healing. Therefore, itis imperative that the affected individuals be given adequate loveand care, to enable them overcome the stress and desperationoccasioned by this condition. As such, they would be in a positionto manage OCD more easily.
Foa,E. B., Yadin, E., & Lichner, T. K. (2012). Exposureand response (ritual) prevention for obsessive-compulsive disorder:Therapist guide.Oxford New York: Oxford University Press.
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