Microorganismsare helpful in the production of oxygen into the atmosphere, recyclenutrients into inorganic form, nutrient extraction from the soil byplants and finally, convert nitrogen into a form that is usable. Forprokaryotes, they do not have an organized nucleus, their DNA islocated in the nucleoid, and its cell wall provides protection andmaintains cell shape. Eukaryotes have cells that are larger with amembrane bound organelles. Its nucleus houses the DNA and helps it tosynthesize proteins and ribosomes. Both share the components, plasmamembrane, cytoplasm, DNA, and the ribosome.
Studyingmicroorganisms includes inoculation where a sample is placed in acontainer so as to produce a culture that shows growth. Theincubation method provides conditions that ensure the best growth.The isolation method enables separation of a species from another.The Inspection technique requires observing a sample under amicroscope, identification involves conducting biochemical testsamong others, and information gathering is where data is collected.The principles of microbial genetics discuss the processes ofhereditary, gene structure, evolution, and genetic engineering amongothers.
Microorganismsare useful in the decomposition of organic wastes, sewage disposaland enhance the immune system of aquatic animals. Further usage is inthe production of cheese, yeast, yogurt and recycling wastewater.Studying microorganisms helps to examine the body fluid of a patientto establish the causes of ailments (Khanna and Tosh, 2014). Thepathogens found can infect wounds and cause sepsis. The immune systemprotects the body against diseases caused by microorganisms.
Khanna,S., & Tosh, P. K. (2014). A clinician`s primer on the role of themicrobiome in human health and disease. In MayoClinic Proceedings (Vol.89, No. 1, pp. 107-114). Elsevier.
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