Nursing Theoretical Perspectives
Theoretical perspectives of nursing in relation to the family aretools of assessing those aspects of the family that are important(Goudrea, Duhamel & Ricard, 2016). Although there is a variety oftheoretical perspectives on the family, with some being similar andothers, appearing to be contradicting one another thus leading toheated discussions among researchers on the best perspective toapply, it is important to note that each perspective has itsparticular point of view on the family. However, in this paper, wediscuss the family ecology perspective as the suitable theoreticalperspective from my point of view.
Family ecology perspective emerged in the 19th centurywhen the question of stability and welfare of families was a greatconcern to most scholars (Goudrea, Duhamel & Ricard, 2016).However, due to its significant relation to the family as the basisof the society, it has kept on emerging despite other theories comingup. It examines how a family affects or is affected by thesurrounding environment (Goudrea, Duhamel & Ricard, 2016). Thisperspective is more appealing than other theories because of thefollowing reasons. First, it emphasizes that society does notdetermine family members’ behavior but rather does present somebarriers, possibilities, and opportunities for the family. Secondly,the theory insists that families’ choices and lives are impacted byeducational, economic, cultural and religious institutions.
Thirdly, this approach addresses issues that other theories fail to,for instance, the foundations of families, which include human-built,socio-cultural environment, and the natural physical-biologicalenvironment (Goudrea, Duhamel & Ricard, 2016). The theory furtherposits that the theories are mutually related hence influencing eachother. Finally, the theoretical perspective gives solutions to thesocial problems that impact the family and the larger society. Someof the solutions according to this theory include the collaborationof citizens and neighbors in the community working together to ensurepositive change as well as implementing formal policy developmentstrategies.
In conclusion, this perspective also relates to modern familiesdespite emerging in the nineteenth century. In recent times, theperspective emphasizes on the interdependence of all world familiesnot only with one another but also with their socio- culturalenvironment and the fragile physical-biological environment.
Goudrea J., Duhamel F., & Ricard N. (2016) The impact offamily systems nursing educational program on the practice ofpsychiatric nurses. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.
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