Obesityis a condition in which excessive body fats accumulate in the bodysystem to the extent that it develops adverse effects on the healthof an individual (Dietz,2016).Obese people register body mass index slightly over 30kg/m2with any average range of 25-30 kg/m2classified as overweight. Obesity increases the possibility ofcontracting other diseases such as heart diseases, obstructive sleepapnea, and certain types of cancer and type 2 diabetes. This medicalcondition is as a result of a combination of genetic susceptibility,food intake and lack of physical exercises.
Significanceof obesity in the US
Obesityis the leading preventable death causing disease in the world withstatistics showing increasing rates among the adults. In 2014,research indicated that 600 million adults (Hashmi,2016).This disease is more common among women than men. It is considered asone of the most serious public health problems globally. The victimsof the disease are stigmatized especially in the western countriesalthough at other historical times, it was seen as a symbol of wealthand fertility.
Obesityis a burden on the low and middle income individuals from differentcountries. Inasmuch as most countries have put in measures to dealwith the issues affecting infectious diseases and under-nutrition,they are also facing an upsurge in the prevalence of non-communicablediseases like overweight and obesity.
Obesityand overweight are largely preventable. Supportive societies andenvironments are fundamental in shaping choices and making healthierfood with regular exercises as the easiest choices (Moya,2013).The victims and generally all people need to consider takingfoodstuff with limited energy intake by large consumption of sugarsand fats. Also, there is need for increased consumption ofvegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes and nuts. There is alsoneed for regular physical exercises that are consistent throughoutthe week. This has to take an individual responsibility for people tolive healthy lifestyles. It is imperative at the societal level tosupport individuals in following the recommendations especially onhealthy lifestyle.
Asaforementioned, obesity emanates from the consumption of foodstufffull of sugar and fat. It is also complemented by lack of regularexercises and genetic hereditary actions. Obese individuals fallshort of threshold for a healthy lifestyle. The health of anindividual defines the level of a metabolic and functional efficiencyof a living organism. It is the ability of communities to adapt andalso self-manage when facing mental, social and physical changes.According to World Health Organization, health describes a completemental, physical and communal well-being and not necessarily theabsence of infirmity.
Obesityis a problem not specific to a certain racial nor social group alone.It is a disease widespread in all the races in both sexes and alsoacross all the ages. Obesity prevalence in the United States ofAmerica is 29% for Caucasian, 40% African Americans and 34% Hispanics(Sorensen,2015).Research further indicates that 78% of African America females werefound to be obese and overweight.
Thesocial class is a factor in obesity prevalence. The likelihood ofcontracting obesity among the poor people specifically 25% of thepopulace is twice that of persons that live in the uppermost quarterof the economic class (Watanabe,2016).With obesity, comes ranges of diseases like hypertension and researchhas indicated that there are certain specific ethnic groups that thisdisease hits hard.
Thepoor people in the society find it hard to live and keep fit. Thereis no leisure time for the urban poor. The poor individuals are lesslikely to be fit, and they do not have an income to join health clubsand have instructors. Also, there are perceptions of weight andhealthy lifestyles that are determined by personal and environmentalinfluences.
Theprimary healthcare nurses are very essential in dealing with thepatients suffering from obesity. Research has indicated that there islow risk of bias and that behavioural counselling delivered by thenurses is significant and more effective than issues like screeningand all the other healthcare provisions. It helps in the improvementof physical level activity and generally the quality of life over anintervention spanning for over a year. It is the role of the nurse toencounter obese patients and their role is both to manage and preventthe disease. However, they should not prejudice against obesity(Watanabe,2016).The attitude of the nurses towards the patients’ needs to be properand loving towards the people they are caring for. The nurses shouldbe adequately equipped and trained for them to providenon-judgemental and patient-centred care.
Forthis reason, as nurse practitioner, I would implement a mechanism forobserving the behavioural change of the patients under my care. Iwould subject the patients to certain strict and consistent diet,regular physical exercises and then observe the change in behaviourboth in term of eating habits subsequent reduction in body weight,blood pressure and body system functioning.
Obesityremains a major disease and challenge in many countries globally. Itis however preventable and through the use of balanced diet andregular exercises the disease can be mitigated especially with thehealth risks associated with obesity. It is good and advantageous tokeep healthy living, taking a lot of water, regular medicalexaminations and keeping active.
Dietz,W. (2016). Are we making progress in the prevention and control ofchildhood obesity? It all depends on how you look atit. Obesity, 24(5),991-992. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.21518
Hashmi,A. (2016). Physical Activity a Determinant to Control AdolescentObesity. AdvancesIn Obesity, Weight Management & Control, 4(6).http://dx.doi.org/10.15406/aowmc.2016.04.00115
Moya,M. (2013). Obesity & Control Therapies: Open Access. Obesity& Control Therapies: Open Access, 1(1).http://dx.doi.org/10.15226/2374-8354/1/1/00101
Sorensen,T. (2015). Childhood maltreatment and obesity. Obesity, 23(8),1528-1528. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.21179
Watanabe,S. (2016). Comprehensive Food Labeling for Obesity Control. AdvancesIn Obesity, Weight Management & Control, 4(3).http://dx.doi.org/10.15406/aowmc.2016.04.00088
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