Odysseus is also known as Ulysses in the Latin language; he was a great
Insert Your Surname 4
Odysseusis also known as Ulysses in the Latin language he was a great rulerof Ithaca. In Homer’s poem, Odysseus is considered the centralcharacter. He is famous because he took a ten-year journey back home.In Odyssey, there are four major gods that include Calypso, Circe,Athena, and Poseidon (Homer 221). Athena and Circe favored Odysseusin many ways during his journey. Athena was the divine assistant toOdysseus when he was traveling back home. Poseidon was a god of thesea. He always attempted to make Odysseus’s journey painful.Calypso and Circe were gods who showed different reactions towardsOdysseus on his way back home. In Odyssey poem, gods showed love andhatred towards Odysseus on his journey to Ithaca. Odysseusis portrayed as a strong man who is favored by gods.
Exampleof incidences when gods favored Odysseus
Circeis one of the gods who favors Odysseus in several ways. Circe is agod located in an isolated forest. When Circe first meets Odysseusand his men, she becomes hostile towards them. In fact, she attemptsto turn all the men into pigs by offering them poisoned wine (Miller23). However, Hermes intervenes, and Odysseus becomes friends withCirce. Circe returns all the men to their natural state. She favorsOdysseus by giving him food and shelter. For five years, Odysseus andhis men received friendly services from Circe. She also helpsOdysseus to travel safely back to Ithaca.
WhenOdysseus finally reached Ithaca, he met Athena, the god of wisdom andbattle strategy. Athena favored Odysseus and helped him in many ways.The goddess, Athena disguised Odysseus as a beggar so that he couldlearn everything that had transpired in his absence. Ten years was along period, and many people including his wife believed Odysseus haddied.
Penelope,the wife of Odysseus, had announced that she would marry a person whowould use her husband’s bow to aim and shoot through the twelve axeshafts (Miller 37). Disguised as a beggar, Odysseus managed to do itrevealing his identity. All the other suitors were unable to shoot(Mueller 17). Odysseus killed all the suitors with the assistance ofhis son. The wife did not believe that this was Odysseus. Penelopethought it was a god in disguise. The wife asked Odysseus to movetheir bed into another room, but it was not possible because the bedwas attached to a live olive tree.
Examplewhen the gods punished Odysseus
AtThrinacia Island, Odysseus did not listen to the advice given byCirce. He captured some of the resources that belonged to the god ofthe sun, Helios. Helios was very disappointed. So, he urged Zeus topunish Odysseus and all his followers. Zeus went ahead to punishOdysseus and his men. He destroyed their ship, and all the peopledied except Odysseus. Finally, when Odysseus arrived at the island ofOgygia, he met Calypso, a renowned witch. Calypso imprisoned Odysseusfor seven years. However, Hermes mediated, and Odysseus was declaredfree (Johnson 67).
Thekilling of the Odysseus’ crew was a significant blow to the Greeks.The Greeks lost many soldiers that used to give military servicessuch as protection to their kingdoms. Military power was highlyvalued in the ancient times. The weaker nations were seen asinferior. Weak kingdoms were also taken over by powerful kingdoms toexploit their resources. People from the weak kingdoms were alsotaken as slaves by more powerful empires and were subjected to hardlabor in fields with no pay.
WhenOdysseus reached the island of the god of winds, Aeolus, he was givena bag that contained all the winds except the west wind.Coincidentally, Poseidon wanted to revenge the death of his fatherwho was killed by Odysseus. Unfortunately, Odysseus did not tell hiscrew what was inside the bag. He only warned them not to open thesack. However, before reaching the shore, Odysseus friends unwrappedthe sack because they wanted to see what was inside. Unfortunately,they released the wind, which blew the ship back. Odysseus was veryclose to arriving home, but when the ship was blown, he was taken faraway from home (Markantes, et al. 67). It was a sad moment for thegreat ruler, which affected him emotionally. Poseidon showed hishatred towards Odysseus in this manner.
Odysseusis portrayed as a strong man. Different gods consistently help him onhis journey back to his home, Ithaca. As Odysseus tries to travelback to his home, he faces much bad luck. Some of the gods try tohelp him, but others make his journey difficulty. The journey waspainful, and we get to see a man who is broken at one point and isrebuilt again at another point. Athena, one of the gods, offersOdysseus a lot of help on his way back to Ithaca. During his journey,Odysseus experience mixed emotions. He came face to face withphysical and mental challenges. However, Odysseus finally achievedhis goals with the help of different gods. He finally returned to hishome, Ithaca. The audience is left wondering whether Odysseus was astrong man or the gods favored him.
Mueller,Melissa. "Recognition and the Forgotten Senses in the Odyssey."Helios43.1 (2016): 1- 20.
Johnson,Catherine. "Feminine Narrative and Subjectivity in Homer’sOdyssey: Structuring Dichotomies and Alternative Discourses."(2016).
Miller,Dellen N. TheCyclops in" The Odyssey,"" Ulysses," and"Asterios Polyp": How Allusions Affect Modern Narratives andTheir Hypotexts.Diss. University of Oregon, 2016.
Homer.“The Odyssey,” World Masterpieces: Expanded Edition. Maynard Macked. Ed. Coptic
St.:Prentice, 1995. 219-503.
Markantes,Georgios K., et al. "Cyclopes and Giants: From Homer’s Odysseyto contemporary genetic diagnosis." HORMONES15.3 (2016): 459-463.
No related posts.