Outline Hospital-Acquired Infections
HospitalAcquired Infections (HAI) are illnesses contracted during clinicalprocedures (Medscape, 2015). The sources of the infection include theequipment, susceptible patient, beds, linens, airdrops or evenoutside environment. According to Center for Disease Control andPrevention (CDC), there are approximately 1.7 million HAI acrossAmerican health facilities and contribute to averagely 99,000 deathsper year. Due to the confounding causes of the HAI, it becomesincreasingly difficult to run effective countermeasures. Institutionssuch as nursing homes, clinics, outpatient facilities, inpatientfacilities, and mobile healthcare focus on patients’ education asthe primary method of reducing the mortality rates due to HAI. Theproposed education programs will focus on a community-based healthsetting such as nursing homes and clinics. The methodology usedreflect the needs of the marginalized populations, who are also morevulnerable to HAI that the urban populations with high healthaccessibility.
Objective One: Promote the use of Prevention Toolkits
Ina standard acute health setting, the doctors and clinicians useprevention kits that control the spread of infections. These controlsinclude airdrop controls, sterilization of surgical tools, treatmentgloves, isolation, body, and environmental hygiene among others.However, according to CDC on 37% of acute facilities meets thestandard guidelines thus increasing the possibility of HAI. Theproposed education programs will seek to raise awareness on thenecessity of following the clothing and other medical procedures.
Objective Two: Promote Secondary Screening
Astudy by Mehta, Gupta, Todi, Myatra, Samaddar, Patil and Ramasubban(2014) Indicates that people suffering from old age, shock, coma,trauma, chronic diseases, and catheters are more vulnerable to HAI.The education program will seek to integrate treatment proceduresthat ensure secondary screening of vulnerable groups.
Objective 3: Promote Infection Control Assessment Tools
Followingthe high prevalence of HAI, CDC developed the Infection ControlsAssessment tool (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),2016). The tool is one of the inventories included in theEpidemiology and Laboratory Capacity (ELC) Infection ControlAssessment and Response (ICAR) Program. The proposed educationprogram will seek to integrate the acute institution and the patientsfor increased efficacy HAI management.
Objective 1: The education on the use of protection kits will increase the number of facilities using standard procedure from 37% to a safer number.
Objective 2: Promotion of Secondary screening will reduce the number of patients contracting HAI by targeting the vulnerable groups.
Objective 3: The use of Infection Control Kit will integrate the health concerns affecting the communities. The process will also enhance evaluation of the education programs.
Morethan 99,000 Americans die due to HAI. Over the years, and through achain campaigns, the CDC has undertaken numerous policy changes andcampaigns. Despite the efforts, the likelihood of contracting HAI inpediatric unit ranges between 6.9%- 29.5% (Ducel, Fabry &Nicolle, 2012). The study also indicated that marginalized groupswith lower health accessibility are 2.5 times likely to acquire anHAI. The education program is necessary to minimize the mortalityrate through active HAI management protocols.
Health Education through Organized Seminars for Staff and the Locals
Recommended seminars for the doctors on the Standard Safety protocols through evidence-based analysis
Develop a Specific Infection Control Assessment Tools. The tools developed and elaborated will focus on specific aspects of the local health facilities.
Conduct community-based health information systems through advertising, marketing, and affiliation.
Theproposed program will use Infection Assessment Tool to monitor theimpact of the program on the infection and mortality rates. Data formonitoring and assessment will be available through qualitative andquantitative methods.
CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
Local acute care facilities lack centralized database, which makes data correlation tedious (Dellinger, 2016).
The program has not identified the possible clinician’s response. The entry point might lead to negative interactions between the educators and the staff leading to poor delivery.
The program will become a pacesetter on independent and community-based approaches to HAI.
The staff and the communities are likely to support the program thus increasing efficacy.
There is available data on HAI in independent health facilities this will enhance monitoring and evaluation process.
Centrefor Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2016). Infection ControlAssessment Tools | HAI | CDC. Retrieved fromhttps://www.cdc.gov/hai/prevent/infection-control-assessment-tools.html
Dellinger,E. P. (2016). Prevention of Hospital-Acquired Infections. Surgical
Ducel,G., Fabry, J., & Nicolle, L. (2012). Prevention of hospitalacquired infections: a
practicalguide. Preventionof hospital acquired infections: a practical guide.,(Ed. 2).
Healthline.(2015). Hospital-Acquired Infection: Definition and PatientEducation. Retrieved fromhttp://www.healthline.com/health/hospital-acquired-nosocomial-infections#symptoms2
Medscape.(2016). Hospital-Acquired Infections: Practice Essentials,Background, Pathophysiology. Retrieved fromhttp://emedicine.medscape.com/article/967022-overview
Mehta,Y., Gupta, A., Todi, S., Myatra, S. N., Samaddar, D. P., Patil, V.,… & Ramasubban,
S.(2014). Guidelines for prevention of hospital acquiredinfections. Indianjournal of critical care medicine, 18(3),149.
No related posts.