POST-COMMUNISM IN RUSSIA — DEMOGRAPHICAL, ECONOMICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACTS
POST-COMMUNISMIN RUSSIA—DEMOGRAPHICAL, ECONOMICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACTS
Post-Communismin Russia—Demographical, Economical and Psychological Impacts
Communismrefers to revolutionary social movements that were aimed at creatinga uniform society based on common ownership of the means ofproduction, as well as economic, political, and social ideologiesbased on social orders. An ideal communist society was characterizedby statelessness and classlessness. The communist movement is knownto have spurred rivalry between nations that embraced communism andthose that were for capitalism (the United States, Germany, and theUnited Kingdom, among other countries), during the 20thCentury1.Stalinism is a form of governance and policies that were implementedby Stalin Joseph between 1927 and 1953 in the Soviet Union.“Stalinist policies,” is a term that refers to different policiesthat were introduced by Stalin. Some of these policies include rapidindustrialization, state terror, the theory of socialism andcommunism, collectivization of the agricultural sector, centralizedstate, the subordination of external communist parties’ intereststo those of the Soviet Union, and the cult of personality ingovernance. Stalin regarded his policies as pure Marxist orCommunist—a movement in the history of development that wasaccompanied by the growth and development of productive forces thataimed at creating wealth distribution and abundance based on thesocial relations and need. However, Stalin was responsible forkilling more than 20 million people, sending millions of others tojail and forcing others into exile.2This paper discusses that Communism was not a popular policy and thatIf Franklin Roosevelt were to kill 10 million Americans during hisreign and sent millions more to labor camps in Alaska, the countrywould not be what it is today.
Thecollapse of communism in Russia was followed by different economic,demographic, and psychological implications. It is worth noting thatthe policies resulted in significant economic growth across town andvillage.3However, due to the nationalization of the productive assets,resource mismanagement and misallocation, and massive militaryexpenditures, the resultant decline in agricultural and industrialproductivity had adverse effects on the economic status of a majorityof its citizens, especially farmers and small-scale businesses. Forinstance, the equal rewards policies to both the slackers and workerskilled the prospects or incentives of individual enrichment acrossthe country.4
Besides,events of communist regime were characterized by rampant abuse ofhuman rights such as the state-engineered famine that led to the lossof lives and psychological issues among different people. Manyindividuals believed that they only served as wards of the nationalgovernment.5Also, mass deportations, jailing, torture, and execution of personswith opposing ideologies meant it did not guarantee liberty.Moreover, subjects of foreign ethnicities such as the Poles, ethnicGermans, and Koreans were deported, exiled, jailed, or relocated toremote regions in the Soviet Union6.
Nevertheless,communism resulted in social challenges. People allied withcapitalistic ideas and nations opposed to the communist ideologieswere deported, jailed or executed. On the other hand, regions thatwere opposed to the communist ideas remained underdeveloped.Consequently, uneven development and growth were witnessed indifferent areas. Despite the adverse effects of communist, thepost-communist era has seen Russia establishes itself as one of thebest performing economies across the globe.7
Inconclusion, If FDR had killed 10 million Americans during his reignand sent millions more to labor camps in Alaska, America would lookdifferent today. America would have a pessimistic outlook because ofviolation of human rights. America was one of the countries thatopposed the communist ideologies while agitating for separatist ideasof governance. Based on the multi-racial state of America, it ishighly unlikely that American society could have maintained itscurrent independent and psyche. Due to the rampant issues ofdiscrimination and slave trade that had caused animosity between theminority and the White race, the society could still be pessimistic.
YoungCathy, (2013).ATroubling After-Image of Stalin, 60 Years After His Death.Retrieved fromhttp://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2013/03/13/a_troubling_after-image_of_stalin_60_years_after_his_death__117396.htmlVideo.https://rowan.mediaspace.kaltura.com/media/Video+File+7/1_01rx17ye
1Young Cathy, (2013). A Troubling After-Image of Stalin, 60 Years After His Death. Retrieved from http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2013/03/13/a_troubling_after-image_of_stalin_60_years_after_his_death__117396.html
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