Professional Nursing Care
PROFESSIONAL NURSING CARE 4
TheGeneral Systems Theory addresses components and interaction among allvariables involved in a situation. The theory posits that a person isan interconnected, interdependent, interacting intricate organismperpetually shaping and being influenced by the environment (Hood,2013). The continuous interactions between the environment and theclient produce an ever-shifting situation. The theory is highlyapplicable to the caring for Mr. R since the nurse would be able tounderstand, foresee, and control the potential outcomes of nursingcare on the client system, as well as the concurrent impacts of theinteraction between the environment and the health care system. Underthe theory, the nurse and Mr. R would work collaboratively toappraise and reappraise the condition of Mr. R in all phases of thenursing process including assessment, diagnosis, and planning ofintervention. The professional nursing role centers on helping Mr. Rattain homeostasis or constancy of the internal environment.
TheGeneral Systems Theory can play a pivotal role in the improvement ofpatient-centered care, as well as the patient’s culturalpreferences. The theory stresses respect for Mr. R as a unique clientand the obligation to care for him on his terms (Hood, 2013). Assuch, the nurse is informative, mindful, and empathic guided by thegoals of solidarity, partnership, collaboration, and empathy. Themodel upholds the interrelationships between patient recovery and theobservation of ethical and legal standards for care including respectfor the patient’s autonomy and beliefs.
Inconclusion, the General Systems Theory allows the nurse to put Mr. R.and his family at the heart of decisions and viewing the patient asan expert in his care. As such, patient-centered care involves theconsideration of Mr. R.’s values, desires, social circumstances,and family situation. Hence, Mr. R should be viewed as an individualin the context of his social world who deserves to be listened to,respected, informed, and engaged in care and whose wishes are to behonored rather than enacted mindlessly.
Hood,L. (2013). Leddy& Pepper’s conceptual bases of professional nursing.Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams &Wilkins.
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