Responseto Chapter 10
Achallenging time during the childhood
Themost difficult time occurred like a flash of light, and up to date, Icannot come to terms with what happened to me. It was at a time whenI was only nine years old when I encountered sexual assault and rape.This was one of my challenging times as it inflicted trauma andself-injury. I felt shaken since it breached my physical andspiritual trust which affected my understanding level being that Iwas still young.
Aspectsof the experience that increased stress
Itwas a period where I had to undergo life torture, overwhelmed and Idid not feel to have relief either. About this aspect, there arevarious experiences I suffered that increased my stress conditions.Firstly, I suffered a post-traumatic stress disorder that affected mymental health conditions following the terrifying event and manytimes I had bad flashbacks and nightmares which were difficult toadjust. I also had depressions, and as a result, I felt hopelessnesssince it affected my outlook following the prolonged sadness.Sometimes I even thought of committing suicide. There was also theelement of dissociation, and I could not focus on my daily duties. Mystress worsened longer due to bruising, bleeding, and numbness.
Theresources used in coping with adversity
Undergoingtherapy programs it gave me an opportunity to find an immediateenvironment following an ongoing confrontation which took place. Itprovided me with enough room and more compassionate professionals wholisten to me. Through this program, I could shift through memoriesand explored how to relieve myself. Confrontation also helped towardsgaining awareness of the feelings that disturbed me. I had to sit andexamine my conditions in an honest way instead of regurgitating in mypresent relationships. I also took other avenues where I shared mythoughts in journals about the abuse, and as a result, I managed toget the feelings out and also make others with the same problem healfrom trauma.
Experienceswith peer pressure to experiment with alcohol and drugs
Developmentin Adolescence has adverse and negative encounters that need timelycorrection. While we interact with other friends, I acquired sometrait due to peer pressure, but still, I managed to sail throughwithout falling to temptation. The adolescent drug users frequentlyget introduced by friends who have such vices. Many times, I would gopartying with a friend, and it is in these instances where pressurepiled on me and even at some cases, I would get insulted and abusedas a coward, but still I remained active for a longer time. However,the time came when there was student’s campaign in school, and itis at this point where the problem arose. I took two sips of alcohol,and within a short time, I could not manage myself. In the end, I gotashamed when I realized that I would even go for a short call in myclothes.
Factorsthat influenced my response
Atthese trying times of negative peer pressure, I made a positiveresponse whereby I tried to choose friends who had positive rolemodels, and through it, they encouraged me to make a right choice inlife. Most of the time, I made more efforts of seeking pieces ofadvice from my parent, and it gave me an opportunity to have peopleto turn to at hard times. By having good relation with the adults, myself-esteem went high, and I did not bow with ease to negative peerpressure. Throughout my adolescent period, I learned to handlecriticism, and at the same time, I would accept compliments fromolder people and friends whom I perceived as role models.
Responseto Chapter 12.
Howfamily experiences influence my crowd membership in high school
Therewas an active parental monitoring which powerfully affected the groupI interacted with as they knew I could get myself into adolescentdelinquency which could lead to drug abuse. Often after school, myparents would engage me in a joint decision-making, and it proveduseful since it is through this mechanism that led to fostering ofself-confidence, and in the long run, I became self-reliance andhelped maintain my academic performances from deteriorating. Theyfollowed strictly the kind of crowd I interacted with and the kind offriends I chose from the crowd since the crowd affiliation does notcome by chance but how one behaves.
Howcrowd membership influence my behavior
Groupmembership had a lot of impact on how I conducted myself and theactivities I performed. It reached a point whereby I would spend moretime with peers doing unwanted things than involving in criticalactivities. While interacting with the crowd, I developed high moodsand could spend a lot of energy on walking out at my free times. Ideveloped autonomy, and often I would feel intimacy with the oppositesex, and in the long run, my academic performances dropped due todelinquent behavior which affected my health style. While in school,i would feel anxious and uncertain of what takes place. While thishappened, I found myself hovering around with other dangerous groupsand making innocent individuals uncomfortable. The crowd alsoaffected my behavior in a way that I became aggressive with hostileattributional bias.
Responseto Chapter 13
Progressin choosing a vocation.
Towardsidentification of my vocation, many factors get considered because itis something I will do wholeheartedly throughout my life. My primaryprofession is to become a clinical psychologist, and therefore mymain interest is to work on several types of research and dopsychological assessments to patients in the clinics. Following thedesire to attain this vocation, I do involve myself in an intensivetraining that includes both the theory and practice of psychology asI proceed. Education is essential in being a psychologist, andtherefore, I am to attain the doctorate in psychology related fieldto build a good foundation for my vocation practice. At the sametime, I have started undertaking some medical school training thatwill further enhance my skills and abilities. Additionally, I havebegun on finding out means of getting a license required for afully-fledged psychologist.
Personaland environmental factors influential in choosing a vocation
Allthe way through from early adulthood to middle adulthood, I have apassion for working in a health institution which has been mypersonal drive. My drive got boosted by the fact that I perform wellin science that will enable me to undertake clinical psychologyvocation to integrate both theory and science to use the clinicalknowledge. It will, therefore, enhance my abilities to prevent andrelieve various kinds of distress in patients. The most importantelement is that it will enable me to promote the well-being of peopleand at the same time my personal development improves. There are alsosome environmental issues that disturb people within my communitysuch as pollution, use of unsafe drugs and mental illness. Followingthis perspective, I developed the urge of finding a vocation thatdirectly relates to it. Most professionals in my community do notpractice psychology, and I want to be among the few who will take thecommunity to the next level as matters human safety is concerned.
Responseto Chapter 14.
Factorsthat contributed to living independently
Currently,I am living on my own and managing my house affairs. As I grew, Istarted becoming more independent in areas that are basic in living.Being that I am moving towards adulthood, I do not rely fully on myparents. Additionally, in my family, we are many siblings, and myparents do stretch to cater for our daily needs. Following thisperspective, I reasoned it out together and informed them of my plansto start living independently which they agreed. Further, I had begunmaking some little money from the part time jobs I do after schoolhours which highly necessitated my move as I am now able to providethe necessity when a need arises. I am also the first born in myfamily, and I want to be a role model whereby other younger siblingscan imitate the same idea to start providing for them when they reachtheir early adulthood.
Relationshipswith my parents while living independently
Myrelationship with the parents has not changed because they mean moreto me in my daily life, the reason being that I still depend on theirlove, guidance and support. In my everyday lives, they strive to giveme incentives which I always try my level best to achieve. Theyunderstand my emotions and actions, and therefore, when I get out ofthe way, they always strive to reinforce it regardless of myindependent status.
Responseto Chapter 15.
Amidlife health problem that is of greatest personal concerns
Weakbladder and urinary incontinence- this is one of the health problemsthat disturbs as it affects many women in their middle life. Usually,it commences when the urethra loses strength due to its opening andclosing mechanism. In some scenario, when one injures her pelvicfloor muscles the problem starts. Being a woman, it always flickersin mind when it comes to this issue as the affected people do notfeel at ease where people are. It can be embarrassing even when oneis in gathering. Following this problem, it, therefore, call forintervention that will see the woman pass these stages withoutexperiencing such annoyances.
Stepstowards prevention of health problem
NaturalTreatment for Overactive Bladder
Inthe natural treatments, there is involvement of bladder trainingtogether with pelvic floor exercises which proves to overcome theproblem. They are beneficial and do not have side effects whencompared to the use of drugs. When using the bladder training, thereis scheduling of how one urinates whereby you control the urge to gofor some time while waiting, and gradually you adapt to take longertime. Research also shows that to control urinary incontinence, oneshould avoid taking caffeine in their meals as it stimulates releaseof body fluids. Additionally, the levels of liquid drinks should getreduced before one goes to bed. A person can also use drugs to solvethe problem for the overreacted bladder. It is proven that when oneuses anticholinergics, they have the ability to block the nervesignals that affects the muscle contractions. Such drugs increasebladder capacity, and at the same time, the urge to go for the callgets reduced.
Responseto Chapter 16.
Thenumber and quality of friendships today when compared to friendshipsin early adulthood
Fromthe answers I received, it is true that couples take much time tounderstand one another and spend quality time with one another thanin the early adulthood. The literature illustrates that theimportance and functions of friendship have differences. At thebeginning of adulthood, the adolescent has effect as to why peoplefall in love while in middle adulthood, people have some level ofexperience in life as they pass from one stage to another and alsoget involved establishing a stable family which leads to quality infriendship. On the other hand, some aged people at times differ insome and quality of friendship. This kind of scenario happens sinceevery person has a unique personal characteristic that defines whomthey are. Other research on relationship and friendship indicatesthat there are transitions in life that may be normative ornon-normative and it happens as people move through early adulthoodto middle adulthood.Again, research findings have more emphasis onthe personality of an individual since it predicts how friendshipchanges at different stages of human development. Other factors alsosurround friendships such as social and the environmental issues thatcontribute to dynamics on how people relate.
Responseto Chapter 17.
Thecare and living arrangements for elders needing assistance in yourfamily
Thereare some activities and services that we provide to seniors who maynot support themselves sufficiently. First, there is the provision ofadult day care where those who have social and psychological problemsget attended to as it makes them reach their therapeutic goals. Mealservice delivery carried out to the homebound individuals and did nothave caretakers to help them prepare their meals. There is also aprovision of transport means to enable them to attend some specialcommunity events and also to reach medical services when they aresick. Within the family, there is a provision of a chore and personalcare assistance in a way that they can manage their body hygiene andother personal safety. These assistances enable older adults to meettheir outside needs and also maintain the independent living.
Howculture, personal values, financial, health and other factorsinfluence the decisions.
Whilechoosing of the decisions to give these essential services, there wasa dire need since at the old age, there is the lack of income yetthey need to continue living. As required by body conditions tofunction effectively, there is a need for exercise activities, anddue to this fact, the seniors must get the day care services to keepthem fit, and at the same time, most of them cannot maintain theirbody hygiene. This fact, therefore, initiated the provision of achore and personal care assistance.
Responseto Chapter 18.
Thefeatures in living environment to help ensure the well-being ofelderly individuals
Privatebathroom with wheelchair accessible shower- as an older person, onemay find it hard to operate or do various activities quickly, andtherefore, when there is the provision of a private bathroom, itgives an ample time through which one performs sufficiently.Additionally, the bathrooms should have provisions that enable entryof wheelchairs since it reaches a point where the old cannot supportthemselves while standing upright. In connection to this, one wouldrequire a wheelchair for free movement within the facility.
Largebutton telephones- at an old age, people often develop eye problemsand may not be able to see small buttons and small font writings.When phones with large and bigger buttons get provided, it makes iteasier for communication. When old people stay without socializingwith others, they get bored up, and as a result, they become lessactive.
Provisionof a Social room with Internet access when this feature exists, itenhances personal freedom especially for the individuals who had thesave privileges at their homes. In the common rooms, people interactin many ways, especially through internet access. When the internetis available, one can learn new things that are essential forwell-being. They can also keep updated on the current affairs throughnews, and as a result, their views and concern can also get relayedto the outside public like the governmental institutions.
Firesafety sprinkler system and smoke alarm when the facilities getinstalled, they reduce risks which may occur due to the unexpectedaccident. In this case, one can raise the alarm for safety purposes.Additionally, one can use the safety sprinkler system when in dangerand there is no one around to help him, or she get out of danger.
Responseto Chapter 19.
Childhoodexperiences with death in earlier generations
Inthe previous generation, most often they believed in visions anddreams which acted as mediums through which they could understand thecauses of death in a family. In their understanding, they thoughtthat all creatures that have blood possess spirits which are eternal.Concerning this, they believe that when they die, it was physical andthe journey still continued. Additionally, the earlier generation inmy society had some principles which they called the cycle of death,and it was that circle where the spirit dwells. At their time, thecircles had to mean more, in their perception, one who finds honor attheir time of birth, whenever they die they still find the samehonesty.
Comparisonin my experiences.
Inthe current scenario, the view of death takes a different perception.Following the gained experience, I see death as part of life since itis a rite of passage. There are many causes of death of which someare beyond human control. When one dies, the body gets buried, butfollowing the teachings we get in our religious teachings, I believethat when one dies, the spirit continues to live.
Differenceson how death is perceived today and the earlier generation
Whencomparing people viewed death in the earlier generation, there aremany functions carried out that are different from ones performedpresently. For example, in a previous generation, it was only womenwho would prepare meals during the bereavement times. However, it isdifferent to what happens in today`s life as anybody is responsiblefor any activity. Additionally, women were also given responsibilityto dress the body for burial preparations. However, in the currenttimes, genders consideration is a must in a way that if a man dies,it is fellow men who dress them and vice versa. On the view of deathand practices, there is a wide gap on how it happened earlier andwhat happens now. Much difference arises due to the introduction ofChristianity which many people believe in as their faith. Broadadvances in skills and knowledge also lead to changes in traditionalnorms.
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