Qualitative Critique on Chen Article
QualitativeCritique on Chen Article
QualitativeCritique on Chen Article
Intheir article A Study of Factors Affecting Moving-Forward Behavioramong People with Spinal Cord Injury Spinal Cord Injury,Chen, Lai and Wu express the impact of SCI on the lives of itsvictims. The authors assess the linkage between SCI patients abilityto move forward with their lives, demographic and diseasecharacteristics, self-efficacy, self-perception and social Taiwan.According to them, spinal cord injury (SCI) is a dangerous occurrencethat alters one’s life. SCI can cause partial or total disabilityto individuals, leaving them with challenges regarding movement andthe ability to do simple tasks. This paper presents a critique onChen’s article. The critique assesses the credibility and integrityof the concepts presented by the authors and the methods they use inthe research.
Theintroductory section clearly brings out the problem underinvestigation. The emphasis of the research included psychologicaland physical withdrawal from work and social withdrawal recognized inpatients with spinal cord injuries. The introduction defines termssuch as moving forward and self-efficacy and provides an explanationof the significance between them along with social support andself-perception. The authors have included cited research in theintroduction and have supported their topic as a genuine concern. Theauthors do not include any hypothesis in the introduction of theirarticle. The introduction only covers the goals of the study thatincluded the examination of the linkages between demographics,disease characteristics and elements of self-efficacy, social supportand self-perception on the ability of spinal cord injury victims tomove forward with their lives.
Statementof the problem
Inthe article, the authors assess if self-efficacy, social support, andself-perception help patients who have suffered from spinal cordinjuries (SCI) in continuing with their normal lives. The article`ssubject is clearly stated by the authors with all the technical termsclearly defined and data presented in tabular representation that iseasy to read and interpret. The authors explain that there aremultiple factors that affect the possibility of SCI patientscontinuing with normal lives.
Theliterature review includes citations from multiple articles but doesnot include an explanation of the literature reviews. This is becausereaders cannot know the databases used by the authors or the criteriaused in the selection of the references used in the literaturereview. With the clarity of the purpose of the study, the authorsintroduced the elements of demographics and disease characteristicsin the assessment of the behavior of moving forward within thepopulation of spinal cord injury patients.
Theabsence of a literature review casts numerous doubts on thecredibility of the authors’ assertions. A literature review is goodbecause it supports the topic of investigation. It shows that thearea under investigation is valid and that it has been documented byother scholars. The authors present a good argument form theirfindings but a literature review is missing from their work. Theyhave used many sources for the article but they do not provide aprofound description of the sources. Through the analysis of results,the authors were able to establish the connection between moving on,and self-efficacy, self-perception and social support of the SCIvictims. However, they should have referred other sources to showthat this relationship indeed exists.
Theauthors presented their findings in tables to visualize thisrelationship. While evaluating self-efficacy, the study noted thatsexual performance and accidental bowel movements were the greatestconcerns for the patients. However, the study did not establish anysignificant link between social support, self-efficacy, andself-perception. Moreover, the findings established a link betweenthe value of social support and reduced feelings of desperation, withparticipants indicating dissatisfaction in their inability to work orbe at home. The Taiwanese government has not put in place anyprograms to help people with SCI or other disabilities to return towork or live independent lives. The authors acknowledged the factthat the limitation of this study was concerned with the participantsbeing members of SIA, who were already receiving support from theorganization to live normal lives. The authors should have includedmembers and non-members of SIA to ensure a balanced sample size thatis not subject to any bias. The findings could have been biased giventhat the study employed a cross-sectional design that only examinedthe current situation of the patients. A longitudinal study designcould have been better in exploring the patients` situation and theirability to move on with their lives.
Theauthors connected self-perception, self-efficacy and age to theability of patients with SCI to lead normal lives after the injury.The findings from the study play a critical role in the recovery ofpatients through the recommendations to rehabilitation nurses toadopt an individualized approach when addressing the needs of thepatients. The authors recommend the utilization of the MESA scale inthe assessment of self-efficacy and the self-perception scale toassess the patients’ perception of themselves and their situations.
Thisstudy was able to look at the implications of demographics anddisease appearances, social support, self-efficacy andself-perception on the ability of SCI patients to move on with theirlives. The main implications of the findings included enhancingself-efficacy of patients through personalized care, paying closeattention to their needs and self-perception and promoting socialactivities while offering social support. A larger sample size couldimprove this study. The inclusion of SIA members only could breedbias in the findings and the conclusions. Nevertheless, reading thisarticle can provide numerous insights into the situation of patentswith SCI, and the recommendations therein can go a long way inimproving the lives of these individuals.
Chen,H. Y., Lai, C. H., & Wu, T. J. (2011). A Study of FactorsAffecting Moving‐ForwardBehavior Among People with Spinal Cord Injury. RehabilitationNursing, 36(3),91-97.
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