Pros and Cons 4
Role of Federal and State Governments 5
The paperdiscusses the pros and cons of quarantining infected persons. Inparticular, the research highlights the necessity of quarantine sinceit prevents the spread of diseases and saves taxpayer money. Thepaper also shows how infectious illnesses such as Ebola can spreadquickly and cause unprecedented havoc. Hence, quarantine helps tolimit the number of people affected by the disease. In addition, thepaper shows the role of federal and state authorities with regards toquarantine. The authorities can help by communicating with thepublic, providing social support, and enacting legal directives.
Infectious diseases such as Ebola have caused numerous deathsworldwide. The illness has been more common in West Africa and otherthird-world populations (Gostin, Lucey, & Phelan, 2014). Notably,the high number of people in such communities has enhanced the ratesof infection. Such populations are also hampered by the lack ofregulatory procedures. In this paper, I will argue that quarantine isessential since it prevents the spread of infectious diseases andsaves financial resources.
is preferable since it limits the rates of exposure(Barbisch, Koenig, & Shih, 2015). Isolating infected personsprotects healthy persons from Ebola. The disease has killed themajority of infected individuals since it is incurable. In thisregard, quarantine limits the number of deaths due to Ebola.Furthermore, the disease places an immense strain on the healthcaresector (Barbisch et al., 2015). More resources are required to carefor the medical needs of infected persons. Hospitals and otherhealthcare institutions are usually overburdened by numerous cases ofinfections. Hence, quarantine reduces the amount of financialresources expended in healthcare.
On the other hand, quarantine can discourage medical professionalsfrom providing medical care to infected persons. People usually avoidthe inconveniences associated with being isolated for more than 20days (Gostin et al., 2014). Besides, quarantine is consideredineffective for diseases with long incubation periods. Diseases suchas Ebola are customarily spread when people get into contact withsick persons. Individuals with no symptoms have less likelihood ofpropagating infections (Gostin et al., 2014). Draconian measures arenot necessarily effective since infections cannot be contained. Insome cases, quarantine served to reduce the perception of risk(Gostin et al., 2014). Nevertheless, the drawbacks associated withquarantine were minor in comparison to the benefits.
Roleof Federal and State Governments
Federal and state governments have a crucial role with regards to thequarantine of infected persons. In many cases, voluntary isolationand quarantine have positive outcomes. Federal and state governmentsenact and enforce legal guidelines designed to restrict the movementof people (Calain & Poncin, 2015). Some individuals may refuse tosubmit to quarantine due to a desire to maintain a level ofindependence. Hence, the available statutes can help to ensurecompliance. It is important to have a clear delineation of theresponsibilities and obligations of relevant authorities. Federal andstate governments must coordinate the efforts of public healthpersonnel to ensure familiarity with legal issues (Calain &Poncin, 2015). Law enforcement agents can be used to reduce thedelays and barriers that impede the success of quarantine procedures.
In addition, federal and state governments must provide sufficientresources required to implement quarantine. A successful planinvolves various factors that are beyond the capability of individualhospitals (Calain & Poncin, 2015). Healthcare institutions shouldbe instructed to notify the authorities whenever there is a suspectedcase of Ebola. Some of the resources required for implementation ofquarantine include monitoring forms and home assessment tools.Federal and state authorities must also provide sample patienteducation materials (Calain & Poncin, 2015). Hence, individualsin the community can be educated on how to respond in case of ahealth-related emergency. It is critical to provide flow charts thathighlight the process of quarantine along with points ofdecision-making. Federal and state authorities are responsible fortraining healthcare professionals, volunteers, and first responders.
Besides, federal and state governments must implement ongoingsurveillance to prevent further transmission of diseases. Additionalincidences of exposure and cases of disease must be regularlymonitored to identify new strains. The progression of symptomshighlights the need for increased medical care (Calain & Poncin,2015). Federal and state authorities must monitor the quarantine planto determine the compliance with established restrictions. It may benecessary to implement stricter interventions whenever cases ofnon-compliance emerge.
Moreover, federal and state governments should provide social supportto meet the fundamental needs of quarantined individuals. Some of thebasic provisions include shelter, essential shopping, and clergysupport. Other critical services comprise of waste disposal, socialdiversion, childcare, medications, and meal preparation (Calain &Poncin, 2015). It is important for federal and state authorities tocollaborate with non-profit organizations to cater for the needs ofquarantined individuals (Calain & Poncin, 2015). Members of thepublic must be informed about the occurrence of infectious diseases.Federal and state governments must communicate with people to helpthem understand the significance of restrictions. Consequently, thiswill enhance the likelihood of compliance.
Indeed, quarantine is necessary since it prevents the spread ofdiseases and saves taxpayer money. Infectious illnesses such as Ebolacan spread quickly and cause unprecedented havoc. Hence, quarantinehelps to limit the number of people affected by the disease. Federaland state authorities can contribute to quarantine by communicatingwith the public, providing social support, and enacting legaldirectives.
Barbisch, D., Koenig, K. L., & Shih, F. Y. (2015). Is there acase for quarantine? Perspectives from SARS to Ebola. Disastermedicine and public health preparedness, 9(05), 547-553.
Calain, P., & Poncin, M. (2015). Reaching out to Ebola victims:Coercion, persuasion or an appeal for self-sacrifice?. SocialScience & Medicine, 147, 126-133.
Gostin, L. O., Lucey, D., & Phelan, A. (2014). The Ebolaepidemic: A global health emergency. Jama, 312(11),1095-1096.
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